Jungle Justice: A Peak of Failure of Humanity (Published)
The state of anarchy is deemed as a state of lawlessness or a situation where the state machinery is not functioning following the laws of the state. In such a state, anything goes, people tend to put their selfish interest over and above that of the state. Human beings are the major character in any given state, the fact that human beings are inherently selfish or modify as being self-centred implies that there should be in any given society a code of conduct to guide the activities of human beings in the society. These codes of conduct cover all foreseeable aspects of human endeavours and equally contain the sanctions that will be meted on anyone who breaches the provisions of the code. There are certain factors in human society which suggest that human beings cannot at all time without overt strict checks and balances follow the codes as provided. Thus, human beings, though not all at a time, may likely contravene the codes provided. When the contravention occurs, the state machinery has to take appropriate measures to sanction the contravener. However, it is observed that the members of the public do not always give the state the room to take the appropriate measures as provided by the law. The members of the public take the laws unto their hands and accord punishment following their taste against the alleged offender. That is done despite the eternal law of humanity, which states that everyone is innocent until proven guilty by a competent court of law. The argument is that the conducts of the public tend to show how humanely depraved society has turned out to be. To this end, this paper discusses the issues of jungle justice in view of it being the peak of failure of humanity; with penchant interest in Nigeria as an entity.
Thou Shalt Love!: The Contemporary Relevance of Rumi in Elif Shafak’s The Forty Rules of Love- a Character Based Study Establishing Love as the Central Theme of the Novel and Humanity (Published)
This paper aims to analyse Love and its dearth in today’s world that forms the crux of Elif Shafak’s novel The Forty Rules of Love. The novel connects human predicament of the thirteenth century of Rumi- a poet, and his Sufi friend Shams, with the twenty-first century of Ella and her mystic friend cum lover Aziz. The novel presents several Sufi tenets, but it is Elif’s conviction of love that firmly holds the Sufi theme in the novel, according it with magnitude and potency. Achieving oneness with the creator is the goal of mankind, and it is only possible through spirituality which, in turn, is indispensable to love. Therefore, Love forms the substratum of the novel in question. This paper scrutinizes Elif’s portrayal of characters and their predicaments illustrating how the Oneness can be achieved despite differences through the path of love and love alone.
Ubuntu has become a buzz word in Southern African. These days, there is talk of ‘Ubuntu magazine’, ‘Ubuntu software,’ ‘ubuntu style of management’, ‘ubuntu ethics’, ‘Ubuntu foods’, ‘ubuntu psychology’(Washington 2010) and so on. The concept has gained a lot of currency with the completion of the de-colonization of South Africa in 1994. The question is; what is the meaning and import of the term?This paper is a philosophical examination of the concept historically and critically, with the view of determining its expediency in matters to do with nation-building, democracy and good governance all of which pervade contemporary African thought. Given the processes of globalization, can the concept make any impact? Is there utility of the concept in the development of the sub-region?