Tag Archives: Human Security

Pastoralism in Nigeria’s Middle-Belt Region: A Resource or a Curse (Published)

The Fulani, listed among the major pastoralist groups in Africa, are the group most noted for pastoralist activities in Nigeria. Today they have come to be recognized, not only as transitional groups, but as ‘settler’ groups that constitute parts of the wider society inhabiting sizeable portions of the rural hinterlands in various states of the federation. The highlights here are on their evolution and metamorphosis from mere pastoralists to a people whose activities have come to weigh heavily on the eco-social equilibrium of the nation with regard to political stability, social harmony, human security and environmental sustainability. The postulations of the pattern- and process-oriented approaches to pastoralist behaviour and the economic defendability theory provide a nexus between the ideal pastoral behavior and the realities with regard to the pastoralist-farmer relations in the region. They also provide a framework for the analysis and proffering of strategies in addition to those gleaned from a combination of best practices from around sub-Saharan African countries. The containment of contemporary pastoralist behavior in Nigeria is made more expedient in the light of the realities of heightening ethno-religious tensions, indigene-settler distrust and the threats which the activities of the Fulani pastoralists portend for human and food security in Nigeria’s Middle-Belt region with focus on Plateau, Benue and Kaduna States.

Keywords: Ethno-Religious Tensions, Human Security, Nigeria’s Middle-Belt Region, Pastoralist Behaviour, Socio-Political Stability.

Human Security in Arab Region: From Concept to Practice (Published)

This paper deals with human insecurity in Arab countries. First analyzing the existing methodologies for measuring human security then, I proposed some indicators that may serve as proxy descriptions of various aspects of human security. The paper uses the most recent information to highlight the state of human insecurity in the Arab countries. As is expected there is evidence to show that human security various among the countries of the region from a low level of security to a high level of security. Then illustrate how to operationalize human security from concept to practice.

Keywords: Arab Countries, Human Security, Human Security Index

HUMAN SECURITY IN ARAB REGION- FROM CONCEPT TO PRACTICE (Published)

This paper deals with human insecurity in Arab countries. First analyzing the existing methodologies for measuring human security then, I proposed some indicators that may serve as proxy descriptions of various aspects of human security. The paper uses the most recent information to highlight the state of human insecurity in the Arab countries. As is expected there is evidence to show that human security various among the countries of the region from a low level of security to a high level of security. Then illustrate how to operationalize human security from concept to practice

Keywords: Arab Countries, Human Security, Human Security Index

YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT AND HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA/GAMBIA: THE ROLE OF HUMAN SECURITY PROVISIONING (Published)

This paper investigated the association between unemployment and human security provisioning using ordinary least square estimator of regression analysis. Unemployment was measured using unemployment rate while human security provisioning was measured by; food security, purchasing power parity and poverty rate. This study adopted a comparative survey research design. Both primary and Secondary data were used. The outcomes of the study show that Food security had an inverse relationship with youth unemployment in the Gambia while Purchasing power parity had a significant effect on unemployment rate in Nigeria. In both countries, there is a high positive association between youth unemployment and human security provisioning. Moreover, the study found empirically that the key factor responsible for youth vulnerability is lack of subsistence occasioned by unemployment. Therefore, it has become more pertinent that the government of Nigeria and the Gambia developed a pragmatic approach in reducing youth unemployment as a strategy for reducing the incidence of human trafficking

Keywords: Human Security, Human Trafficking, Unemployment, Youth