Tag Archives: Human development

Public Healthcare Expenditure, Population Growth and Economic Development in Nigeria (Published)

This paper analyses the effect of health expenditure on economic development in Nigeria using yearly data from 1980 to 2019 on capital health, recurrent health expenditure, and population growth, sourced from the World Development Indicators, Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Statistical Bulletin, and the United Nation Development Report. Ordinary Least Squares (OLS), cointegration, and autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) were used to estimate the model. The coefficient of capital health expenditure in the long run has a positive and significant sign, while recurrent health expenditure is negative for development, though insignificant in effect. Development responds positively to population growth variation in the short run too. The paper recommends that the Nigerian Government allocate more funds for capital healthcare expenditure to increase the pace of economic development.

Keywords: Human development, public healthcare expenditure and population growth.

The Covid-19 Pandemic and the Questioning of the Principle of the Human Development Index (Published)

The covid19 epidemic has definitely affected nearly all economic and social activities across the world, in addition to its destructive and fatal impacts. As a result, estimates for global economic growth have been lowered downward. Furthermore, the pandemic scenario has pushed scientific study in new areas in order to discover answers to the new problems that have arisen as a result of the epidemic. We have questioned the idea of calculating the human development index (HDI) in this context, while providing new assessment criteria judged useful and compatible with pandemic conditions to evaluate sub-dimensional development indicators pertaining to health, education, and income. As a result, we have shown that the environmental dimension is necessary for measuring the progression of the HDI, allowing us to offer a novel HDI calculation formula.

Keywords: COVID-19, Human development, Index, pandemic, principle

A Review of United Nations Development Programme Reports on Human Capital Development in Nigeria (Published)

The objective of this paper is to review the United Nation Reports on Nigeria Human Security and Development for 2015 and 2016 and to synthesize the selected indices of growth and development for policy formulation. More so, to compare and contrast the current socio-economic situation with the projections revealed by these reports. This survey (i)provides an overview of the socio-economic condition of the Nigerian state, (ii) reviews the literature provided by the 2015 and 2016 reports (iii)summarizes the methods and materials employed by the reports (iv) the report’s findings were critiqued vis-à-vis current economic realities and (v)  recommendations. The review revealed that the hard economic situation in the country was compounded by 2016 recession and Covid-19 pandemic. It was also discovered that political sentiments and absence of political will were causes of underdevelopment in Nigeria. Based on this, the paper recommends that, governments at all levels should be accountable, transparent, purposeful and people-centered to enhance capabilities and opportunities and growth of the country.

Keywords: Human Security, Human development, Nigeria, Policy Formulation, United Nations

An Empirical study of Librarians and Libraries as drivers of access to Knowledge in Ebonyi State, Nigeria (Published)

The library from inception plays a very crucial role in the extension and modification of knowledge. The growing need for knowledge management has influenced every component and operation of a library. This is built on the fact that it is only by transmission of knowledge by each succeeding generation can civilization maintain itself and make advance upon the knowledge of the past. The individual and social meaning of education can only take place on the backdrop of beliefs and values of a particular social setting. In both, the library has a crucial role to play. The library we know is a social system that stores and disseminates information which is knowledge. This paper therefore is an empirical study of Librarians and libraries as drivers of access to knowledge using Ebonyi State, Nigeria as a case in point.    This researcher applied a descriptive study method with a sampled population of 138 randomly selected from the different libraries in the State.  The study investigated ways through which librarians and libraries operate as drivers of access to knowledge as well as the various challenges encountered by librarians that militate against their optimal performance as drivers of access to knowledge.  The study also identified ways of enhancing the role of Librarians and libraries as drivers of access to knowledge. The instrument for the study was structured according to the modified Likert scale on four point rating scale.    On this scale, the average mean cut off is 2.50.  To this end, an item is accepted if it is 2.50 and above and rejected if it is below 2.50.  Statistically, frequencies, percentages and mean scores were used to compute the data collected that led to the decision rule.

Keywords: Human development, Information and Communication Technology, Knowledge, Library, access to information, librarian

The Level of Inclusion of the Sustainable Development Concept in Postgraduate Students’ Arabic Researches: Saudi Arabia as a Model (Published)

The present study aims to know the level of inclusion of the sustainable development concept in postgraduate students’ Arabic studies, selecting Saudi Arabic ones as a model. Actually, descriptive and analytic methods are employed and the sample of the study includes Arabic studies from 2009 to 2018. In effect, the present study gets the following findings: (a) Studies that have tackled sustainable development are few, (b) MA and PhD theses that are handled herein focus on some dimensions (i.e. the social dimension and the environmental dimension), and (c) There is a scarcity of dealing with the economic dimension, with complete disregard for the political dimension. The study then concludes with recommendations for expanding the concept of sustainable development and its dimensions in order to attain human development.

Keywords: Education for Development, Environmental Security, Global Conservation, Human development

Social Institutions and Human Development: Exploring the Relevance of Religion in the Pursuit of Social Inclusion in Nigeria (Published)

Although Nigeria ranks high in religious activities, yet its human development indices remain low. This paper reviews the concepts of social institutions and human development, and specifically tries to situate the relevance of religion in the pursuit of the objectives of social inclusion, peace and shared prosperity in contemporary societies. Although the paper looks at religion as a social institution, it specifically considers the Christian religion and investigates the extent to which it has initiated or can initiate projects that will foster social inclusion in Nigeria. The primary objective of this paper is to establish a basic connection between religion as a social institution, and its role as a vehicle for social inclusion and prosperity. The paper reviewed relevant literature to establish the functions of religion and its potential as a veritable tool for social transformation. It also highlighted the historical activities of some Christian denominations in Nigeria with a view to establishing how relevant they have been in promoting human development. The paper concludes that religion has demonstrated that it has social relevance and can serve as a tool for promoting social inclusion in Nigeria. In a time when religion has been implicated in many conflicts around the world – the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria, the ISIS insurgency in Syria, and even the recent attacks and displacement of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar, this topic deserves critical research attention. It is also hoped that other researchers may be inspired to investigate how other religions have or can promote social inclusion, peace and prosperity in Nigeria.

Keywords: Christian Religion, Human development, Social Exclusion, Social Inclusion, Social Institution


Agriculture is viewed as the main economic activity which contributes to the overall creation of wealth in the country. This then calls for both small scale and large scale farmers to practice entrepreneurial agriculture. However, this study examined the relationship between entrepreneurial agriculture and human development in the context of public policy. Human development has emerged as the main indicator of the country’s ability to promote human rights. Therefore, the study documented the relationships that exist between entrepreneurial agriculture and human development .Qualitative methodology was employed in the collection and analysis of data. The study was enforced by Hitt et al’s (2003) strategic entrepreneurship model

Keywords: Agricultural Productivity, Country’s Ability, Entrepreneurship, Human development, Strategic Entrepreneurship

Effect of Strike Action on Human Development among Social Studies Secondary School Students in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)

This research work was conducted to investigate the effects of strike action on secondary school students learning effectiveness in Social Studies in some selected secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State as it patterns to their development. Survey research design was adopted for the study. With this design it was possible to study the targeted population using sample. The sample comprised of 100 students carefully selected from a population of 400 students. To elicit responses from these students, a structured and closeended questionnaire was developed and systematically administered. The questionnaires were retrieved and analyzed with the Pearsons Product Moment Correlation statistical tool. Result revealed that strike action in secondary school significantly influence students learning effectiveness and performance in Social Studies. To this end, it was recommended that the government and other educational stakeholders stand up to their responsibility and stabilize the education system while stamping out strike actions in the system for effective human development in the field of social studies.

Keywords: Akwa Ibom, Human development, Strike, Uyo