Exploring the Relationship between HR Practices and Organizational Commitment in Egyptian Organizations: The Mediating Effect of Job Satisfaction (Published)
Organizational commitment is regarded as the strongest motivator for all employees` positive outcomes. HR practices aim at directing the organization towards positive individual and organizational outcomes. HR practices influence organizational performance through satisfying employees` needs, which is argued to generate favourable HRM outcomes such as, job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Despite the concern with studying the positive impact of HR practices, few studies have explained the reasons behind these outcomes. The present study aims at exploring the impact of HR practices on employees` organizational commitment. The study investigates whether job satisfaction mediates the relationship between HR practice and organizational commitment. The study was conducted at the three public foreign trade companies in Egypt. Questionnaires were used for data collection (N=362). Findings provide evidence that job satisfaction mediates the relationship between HR practices and organizational commitment. HR practices and organizational commitment were found to affect the three types of commitment (affective, continuance, and commitment). Also, the study provides evidence that demographic factors cause differences in employees` perceptions of HR practices, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment.