Tag Archives: Housing

Determining the Individual Significant Contribution of Public and Private Sector in Housing Delivery in Nigeria (Published)

One of the greatest challenge confronting both rural and urban residents in Nigeria is the need to provide adequate shelter. This study examined the individual significant contribution of the public and private sector in public-private partnerships (PPP) in housing contracts in Ogun State, Nigeria. A field survey was conducted in government ministries (public sector) and some selected professionals (private sector) within the study area. Information gathered from both primary and secondary data was used to determine the significant contribution of the public and private sector in housing delivery. Questionnaires were distributed through systematic sampling method to 58 respondents in both private and public sector participating in PPP housing production in the study area. Result showed that the significant contribution of the public sector in PPP housing provision in Nigeria is the provision of land while the private sector contributes significantly high percentage of finance, manpower and technical support. The study recommended that for successful implementation of PPP housing projects, all tiers of government must strive to complement the weaknesses of the public sector with the strengths of the private sector. Furthermore, since the private sector provides bulk of the finance for PPP housing projects, government should provide a more conducive economic environment to attract more private sector investors.

Keywords: Housing, Nigeria, Public-Private Partnership (PPP), Systematic Sampling Method

Determining the Individual Significant Contribution of Public and Private Sector in Housing Delivery in Nigeria (Published)

One of the greatest challenge confronting both rural and urban residents in Nigeria is the need to provide adequate shelter. This study examined the individual significant contribution of the public and private sector in public-private partnerships (PPP) in housing contracts in Ogun State, Nigeria. A field survey was conducted in government ministries (public sector) and some selected professionals (private sector) within the study area. Information gathered from both primary and secondary data was used to determine the significant contribution of the public and private sector in housing delivery. Questionnaires were distributed through systematic sampling method to 58 respondents in both private and public sector participating in PPP housing production in the study area. Result showed that the significant contribution of the public sector in PPP housing provision in Nigeria is the provision of land while the private sector contributes significantly high percentage of finance, manpower and technical support. The study recommended that for successful implementation of PPP housing projects, all tiers of government must strive to complement the weaknesses of the public sector with the strengths of the private sector. Furthermore, since the private sector provides bulk of the finance for PPP housing projects, government should provide a more conducive economic environment to attract more private sector investors.

Keywords: Housing, Nigeria, Public-Private Partnership (PPP), Systematic Sampling Method

HOUSING THE URBAN POOR IN NIGERIA THROUGH COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION USING LESSONS FROM NAIROBI KENYA (Published)

Migration of people to urban areas from the rural areas usually comes with its challenges in terms of infrastructural requirement and housing to cater for growing population. One of the challenges for the urban dwellers in Nigeria is that of adequate housing. The inability of the government to meet this demand has seen the people concerned seeking alternative solutions to housing need. The resulting settlements are usually unplanned hence becoming a challenge for government to manage in terms of providing infrastructure facilities. With the growing incidence of global warming and the attendant increase in flooding in most urban areas of Nigeria, especially between year 2000 and 2013, the safety of the people who live in slums have become a concern to the state governments due to issues of flooding and collapsed buildings. Government usually evicts such people and clear the settlement; however the people simply relocate to another area. The aim of this paper is to examine how community participation can be used to provide housing for the urban poor based on their living requirement, drawing from the experience of selected case studies from Kenya. The research method adopted for the study is a qualitative research method using case studies of selected communities in Kenya and selected communities in Nigeria. A comparative analysis is drawn with these communities. The research concludes by proposing how community participation process should be incorporated into provision of housing for the urban poor

Keywords: Community Participation, Housing, Infrastructure, Settlement, urban poor

AN ASSESSMENT OF HOUSING INFRASTRUCTURAL PROVISION IN PUBLIC HOUSING: A CASE STUDY OF BASHORUN HOUSING ESTATE AKOBO, IBADAN OYO STATE, NIGERIA. (Published)

Infrastructure provision forms important ingredients to housing development and formal housing supply, thus adequate provision of infrastructural facilities are regarded as critical components and facilitator for economic development and key to improving the quality of life in any community irrespective of size. While there is a plurality of housing issues, the problem of infrastructure in housing remains prominent especially when mass housing schemes are considered. The failure of some of these housing schemes has revealed that housing provision transcends the mere provision of shelter for needs of man. Hence, the need to approach the situation in a pragmatic way, with a focus on the infrastructural provision – an important aspect of housing that is often left to fate – in most common housing schemes in developing countries – like Nigeria. For this study, a total of two hundred (200) copies of questionnaire were administered on randomly selected residents within Bashorun housing estate and one hundred and sixty six (166) copies were retrieved. The analysis presented below is therefore based on 166 responses which constitute 83% on the average. This paper therefore reviewed existing literatures and the research method is an empirical survey and case study approach involving quantitative analysis of primary data gathered from the selected housing estate thereby evaluating the state of infrastructures of the selected housing estate, Rank Test on the expected and obtained quality of this facilities shows that (Obtained Quality < Expected Quality). Furthermore, the study confirmed a strong positive relationship existing between infrastructural provision and occupants’ level of satisfaction, while a moderate, positive relationship exist between service rendered by the management authority and occupants’ level of satisfaction, which were attributed to private involvement in housing scheme. The study revealed that for housing development to be sustainable, basic infrastructures had to be put in place. The understanding of these infrastructural provision is thus a necessary prerequisite for developing an effective housing programme. The study underscores the need to consider relevant infrastructures for housing improvement and development in Nigeria with a view to ascertaining the sustainability of the housing environment and from this a conclusion is drawn and recommendations made in generating sustainable solutions to the subject matter.

Keywords: Housing, Ibadan, Infrastructural Provision, Infrastructures, Nigeria, Public Housing Estate

RESIDENTIAL USER SATISFACTION OF REAL ESTATE HOUSING IN GHANA (Published)

Housing is considered as the largest consumption and investment item of a person’s lifetime and as result housing satisfaction is a key component of their quality. Like all cities developing countries Accra is faced with a huge lack of adequate shelter for her people. This has brought in its trail the upsurge of real estate development in Accra with lack of effective controls in addressing the needs of the occupants. This has potentially resulted in several complains of substandard housing, poor planning and construction and poor management services. The objective of the research was to examine the determinants of residential satisfaction and to investigate the level of satisfaction/dissatisfaction of the residents in these gated communities in terms of the building features, the neighbourhood and the management practices. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used in the gathering and analysis of data from two selected locations in Accra. Structured questionnaire was used to gather the data from the residents, with the 5-point Likert scale of measurement .Stratified random sampling was used to select sample for the estates and questionnaire. Again a Habitability Index formula was used in assessing the satisfaction of residents. The study revealed that respondent’s satisfaction levels were generally high, with varied dissatisfaction levels in; water supply, neighbourhood facilities, sanitation and security. It thus recommends amongst others that: the built environment professionals should collaborate with the metropolitan authorities in exerting strict but adaptable control measures in meeting occupants needs, and regular satisfaction surveys should be carried out by Real Estate Developers and the Government to get occupants’ feedback in enhancing future developments.

Keywords: Gated Communities, Housing, Real Estate, Residential Satisfaction

HOUSING AFFORDABILITY IN NIGERIAN TOWNS: A CASE OF IDAH, NIGERIA (Published)

This paper attempts to evaluate housing affordability in Idah, an old Local Government Headquarters in Kogi State. It utilized a structured questionnaire for this purpose. The result of the analysis of this questionnaire reveals among other things that, greater percentage of the people in the study areas spend above 30% of their monthly income on housing. This is at variance with the 30% affordability benchmark set by scholars such as Andrew( 1998 ), Cox and Pavletich 2010) as well as Adedeji(2006). The paper therefore concludes that the greater percentage of the people in the study area cannot afford adequate housing while others pay not just over 30% but over 50% of their monthly income on housing which is cost-burden. This has adverse effect on their standard of living as what is left is insufficient to cater for other needs such as food, clothing, and medical bills and so on. The paper finally made the necessary recommendations

Keywords: Affordability, Cost-Burden, Housing, Housing Adequacy, Urban Areas

Housing Affordability in Nigerian Towns: A Case of Idah, Nigeria (Review Completed - Accepted)

This paper attempts to evaluate housing affordability in Idah, an old Local Government Headquarters in Kogi State.  It utilized a structured questionnaire for this purpose. The result of the analysis of this questionnaire reveals among other things that, greater percentage of the people in the study areas spend above 30% of their monthly income on housing.  This is at variance with the 30% affordability benchmark set by scholars such as Andrew(  1998 ), Cox and Pavletich 2010) as well as Adedeji(2006).     The paper therefore concludes that the greater percentage of the people in the study area cannot afford adequate housing while others pay not just over 30% but over 50% of their monthly income on housing which is cost-burden.  This has adverse effect on their standard of living as what is left is insufficient to cater for other needs such as food, clothing, and medical bills and so on. The paper finally made the necessary recommendations.

Keywords: Affordability, Cost-Burden, Housing, Housing Adequacy, Urban Areas

Energy Efficient Housing as a Mitigating Option for Climate Change in Nigeria (Published)

This paper discusses the capacity of energy efficiency in housing to serve as a panacea to climate change. Drawing from secondary sources, the study revealed that energy is required in houses for optimum performance. However, in Nigeria, the energy required is mostly generated from fossil fuel which emits greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere. These greenhouse gasses result in the depletion of ozone layer which causes global warming and by extension, climate change. It recommends among other things, proper landscaping, north and south orientation of houses, natural vegetation, natural lighting, the use of energy efficient electrical and mechanical appliances and the use of green power. The paper concluded that energy efficient housing environment that employs these parameters will experience reduced global warming and climate change associated challenges.

Keywords: Climate Change, Energy, Energy Efficiency, Housing, Mitigating Option, Nigeria

Energy Efficient Housing as a Mitigating Option for Climate Change in Nigeria (Published)

This paper discusses the capacity of energy efficiency in housing to serve as a panacea to climate change. Drawing from secondary sources, the study revealed that energy is required in houses for optimum performance. However, in Nigeria, the energy required is mostly generated from fossil fuel which emits greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere. These greenhouse gasses result in the depletion of ozone layer which causes global warming and by extension, climate change. It recommends among other things, proper landscaping, north and south orientation of houses, natural vegetation, natural lighting, the use of energy efficient electrical and mechanical appliances and the use of green power. The paper concluded that energy efficient housing environment that employs these parameters will experience reduced global warming and climate change associated challenges.

Keywords: Climate Change, Energy, Energy Efficiency, Housing, Mitigating Option, Nigeria

Housing the Urban Poor in Nigeria through Low-Cost Housing Schemes (Published)

This paper discusses a strategy and functional approach for the provision of low-cost housing for the urban poor in Nigeria. It notes the rapid rate of urbanization occurring in Nigeria, which is due mainly to massive rural-urban drift, and explosive urban population growth. A major consequence of this occurrence has been the deterioration of housing situation in the urban centres, manifested in severe shortages of housing units, and overcrowding in poor quality buildings that are situated in degraded environment. The urban poor constitute the vast majority of urban dwellers and they are in a disadvantaged economic position to build for themselves and are generally unable to make effective demand of existing housing. Housing this urban population is a major thrust of sustainable urban development. This paper asserts that a strategy for achieving the goal of adequately housing the urban poor is extensive mass housing development employing indigenous materials and methods, and involving the target population from policy making through programme execution. This is a bottom-up, participatory approach that will ensure the sustainability of the housing development. A case study, State Housing Estate, Oke-Ila, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria in which indigenous materials were used in some buildings, was examined in the paper. The paper also looks at experiments with indigenous materials in the construction of model low-cost houses, and these include the Pampomani Housing Estate in Maiduguri, Borno state, Nigeria, and Yakatsari resettlement scheme in Kano, Nigeria. The paper examines earth architecture as a relevant indigenous technology and recommends its use in housing the teeming poor majority in Nigerian urban centres.

Keywords: Approach, Housing, Poor, Strategies., Urbanization