Competitiveness Improvement Strategy Formulation on Individual Hotel: Case of XYZ Hotel at City Of Bogor (Published)
Proportional to the growth of tourism industry in Indonesia, the city of Bogor has experienced an increase in the number of tourists, where it is followed by the growing number of hotels, including the brand-affiliated hotels. As a result, the independent hotels are at risk to experience a decrease in occupancy rate, including Hotel XYZ. Therefore, it is important for independent hotels to increase their performance thus their priceremains competitive in the market. This study aims to identify the internal and external factors of Hotel XYZ, and to formulate the strategy to increase Hotel XYZ’s competitiveness. The methods employed in this study are as follows: VRIO, PESTLE, Five Forces Porter, IFE, EFE, TOWS, and Strategic Architecture. IFE analysis shows that the employees’ loyalty and the wide area (land) have the same weighted value of 0.451. The main weakness of Hotel XYZ is the low level of education of the employees, with the weighted value of 0.223. EFE demonstrated that the main opportunity of Hotel XYZ is the technology advancement that has improved the business process to be easier, with the weighted value of 0.465. In the other hand, the main threat of Hotel XYZ is the growth of similar business thus leaving consumer with many options, with weighted value of 0.223. TOWS Matrix produced 10 alternative strategies, which then developed to the Strategic Architecture. The strategic architecture isdivided into four periods with each duration of one and a half year.
Business Resources and Capabilities as Drivers of Environmental Strategy: A Case Study of the Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation (NTDC) (Published)
This study investigates the activities of the NTDC in relation to the environmental marketing strategies of hotels in the Nigerian hospitality industry. Specifically, it studies the relationship between resources and capabilities as drivers of the environmental marketing strategy of hotels. Buildings on the resources-base view, this study explains the drivers and outcomes of environmentally friendly marketing strategies in the Nigeria hotel services. Data collected from 152 hotels personnel reveals that possessing sufficient physical and financial resources is an instrument towards achieving effective green marketing strategies. Furthermore, the study confirms that there is a significant effect of environmental marketing strategy on the competitive advantage level in the hospitality industry