Roles of Interdependence Projects of Oil and Gas Multinational Corporations in Host Communities in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria (Published)
The focus of this paper is on the roles of interdependence projects of oil and gas multinational corporations in host communities in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. The paper explored the concept of interdependence as well as the concept of interdependence projects in oil and gas multinational corporations. The highlights of the paper also include interdependence projects as palliative measures to community development in host communities in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, interdependence projects as sustainable community development projects in host communities in Bonny Island of the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, Bonny Utility Company (BUC) and management of Bonny electricity project. The paper identified the prospects of interdependence projects to include the followings namely: promotion of improved relations among the relevant stakeholders, promotion of an increased production and exploration of new reserves, promotion of mutual co-operation between the oil and gas multinational corporations and their host communities in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria as well as enhanced interaction among others.
Ecotourism Potential of Ebonyi State, Nigeria: Assessing Ecological Sites, Cultural Resources and Attitudes of Host-Communities (Published)
This study was undertaken to assess ecotourism potential of Ebonyi State, South East Nigeria. Twenty-four (24) ecological sites across the 3 ecological zones of the State and the local communities were purposively selected for the study. Twenty (20) community opinion leaders were purposively selected from each local community making 300 respondents. Focus Group Discussions were also held among various groups of adult males, females and youths. Primary data were collected by the use of interview schedule while secondary data were sourced from publications of the Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism and Ebonyi State Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy. Data were analyzed by the use of descriptive and inferential statistics including mean scores from 4-point Likert-type scales and probit analysis. Result shows that ecological attractions in the State range from salt and fresh water lakes to beaches, waterfalls, hills, rock formations, caves and forests. There are also 20 identifiable fun-filled festivals celebrated all year round in the State. Furthermore, the socio-cultural environments of host communities were found to be supportive of ecotourism development and various host communities were willing to cooperate to develop ecotourism cluster. Governments at state and local levels are advised to ensure availability and functionality of socio-economic infrastructure in host communities. NGOs and Community Development Associations (CDAs) should strengthen advocacy to dismantle some cultural barriers that tend to exclude women from participation in some aspects of ecotourism development.