Tag Archives: Higher Institutions

Higher Institutions Funding and the Nigerian Economy (Published)

This study examines funding tertiary institutions and Nigerian growth perspective. The specific objective of the study is to evaluate the effect of tertiary institutions funding on national development in Nigeria. An ordinary least squares estimation technique was used in the study to evaluate the effect of the independent variables on the dependent variable. The result of experiment indicates that funding is a veritable tool for tertiary institutions growth in Nigeria. The result also shows that government capital expenditure funding is not statistically significant in the growth process. It was recommends that the government has to invest more on the education sector as well as ensuring that the resources are properly managed and used for the development of education services. The study concludes that funding of higher education in Nigeria needs to be improved upon especially in the area of capital expenditures funding. This is as a result of the increasing need and demand for specialized services in different sectors within the academic institutions.

Keywords: Budget, Education, Funding, Government Expenditure, Higher Institutions, economic growth

Examination Malpractices and Corruption among Students at Cross River University of Technology, Calabar, Nigeria (Published)

Examination malpractices have become a recurrent decimal in higher institutions in Nigeria. Misconducts in examinations tend to have a connection with corrupt practices involving students in these institutions as it provides opportunities for them to get an education by fraudulent means. That questions the validity and credibility of the grades they earn in academics and reflects in their overall performances in the labour market. Based on the Bandura’s social cognitive learning theory, an ex-post facto was conducted to inquire about the correlation between examination malpractices and corruption among students in Cross River University of Technology (CRUTECH), Calabar, Nigeria. Three research questions and null hypotheses were developed for the study. 800 participants were randomly recruited from the population within the research site. Data was analyzed via Pearson product moment correlation coefficient statistic. The findings indicated that cheating, gratification and bribery have significant relationships with corruption among students at CRUTECH. Simply put, these are among the practices students employed to commit examination fraud. It is recommended that key stakeholders, inter alia, need to develop holistic and workable methods to curb the menace in the interest of national development.

Keywords: : examination malpractice, Corruption, Higher Institutions, Students


Higher education is a much desirable level of education for most youths in the society. The fact that a person is with special needs does not alienate such a person from being able to access higher education. Like all fundamental human rights persons with special needs must have access to higher education as stipulated in the United Nations Convention on Rights of persons with disabilities. This paper takes a closer look into the barriers that have being experienced and encountered by persons with special needs in accessing higher education. Three research questions were generated for the study. The research design for this study is descriptive survey. Two hundred and seventy three (273) students with special needs responded to the forty item questionnaire designed for the study. Descriptive and inferential statistics of ANOVA and Correlation (PPMC) were used to test the study at 0.05 level of significance. The analysis of data revealed that social and environmental factors affect the access to higher education by students with special needs. A number of other barriers that also contributed to lack of access to higher education by persons with special needs include academic, communication, instructional or institutional, individual and financial barriers. The government and other stakeholders have to intensify supports for persons with special needs to ensure easier access to higher education and to eradicate limitation to certain courses for persons with special needs. Disability policies should be enacted in tertiary institutions in Nigeria in order to eliminate barriers to access to higher education by persons with special needs.

Keywords: Higher Institutions, Special Needs