The Changing Nature of Work and Employability Skills Development in Higher Education Institutions in Ghana (Published)
There is growing awareness in Ghana of the importance of higher education to develop and enhance employability skills in the increasing competitive global market. Both higher education and labour market are changing rapidly. As the student intake is becoming more diverse in age, background, previous educational experience, interests and ambitions, graduate employment is also changing and diversifying as many students continue to work part-time throughout their study programmes. Essentially, this study explores the development of employability skills in higher educational institutions through the review of research studies, policy documents and experiences from other countries. Relevant literature relating to potential sources, promotion and barriers to employability skills development are further examined. The paper concludes with strategies and policy guidelines to enhancing employability development in HEIs in Ghana to promote graduates mobility in the rapidly changing working environment.
The Effect of Motivation on the Performance of Teaching Staff in Ghanaian Polytechnics: The Moderating Role of Education and Research Experience (Published)
Motivation has been empirically confirmed to be a major driver of employee performance. This paper assesses the effect of motivation on the performance of teaching staff of Ghanaian polytechnics, with the moderating role of research experience and highest education attained captured. A quantitative research technique is employed in this study. The target population of the study was teaching staff who had taught in Ghanaian polytechnics for at least 2 years, had a minimum of a second degree, and had some level of research experience. Simple and stratified sampling procedures were used to select 465 respondents. The study confirms a significant positive correlation between motivation and performance among teaching staff of Ghanaian polytechnics, r (408) = .892, p < .05. In this respect, motivation accounts for 79.5% of the variation in performance. Moreover, highest education attained and the research experience of teaching staff influence both motivation and performance. This means that teaching staff of polytechnics in Ghana can maximise their motivation and performance by improving their education and research experience.