Tag Archives: Healthcare Workers

Investigation of Psycho-Demographic Factors, Workplace Cyber-Harassment and Organizational Climate among Healthcare Workers (Published)

Most modern day organizations are characterized by cyber harassment in the workplace which is considered detrimental to the psychological well-being of victims. However, most studies on cyber bullying have mainly been conducted among adolescents, while the issue of work place cyber bullying which affects adults and their working life has just recently began to attract interest from researchers. This study investigates the influence of age, gender, marital status, organizational climate and personality characteristics on work place bullying among health care workers in Nigeria. Using a survey design, 152 health workers were purposively selected from both private and public hospitals. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, t- test analysis, regression analysis and one way analysis of variance at 0.05 level of significance. Four hypotheses were tested. The results revealed that age, gender differences and marital status independently influenced work place bullying. Organisational climate and personality factors also jointly influenced workplace bullying. Investigation of the association between the psycho-demographic factors and bullying in the work place is necessary to determine the needed intervention to ensure employees job satisfaction and well-being.

Keywords: Age, Gender, Healthcare Workers, Marital Status, Organizational Climate, Workplace bullying

Work – Related Stress among Healthcare Workers in UGEP, Yakurr Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria: A Study of Sources, Effects, and Coping Strategies. (Published)

Work Related Stress (WRS) is the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker in the work environment. Hospital work stress is a nosocomial stress characterized by stressors like; work over load, under – staffing, use of redundant equipment, poor promotion, poor managerial relationship with staff, poor working environment, excessive/prolonged working hours, etc. This study sought to determine the work – related stress among healthcare workers in Ugep. Data were collected using primary and secondary source. 198 semi–structured questionnaires were designed/administered through purposive sampling. Data generated were analysed using descriptive statistics such as mean, percentages, and illustrative graphs. Results and findings showed that 180 (92.8%) healthcare workers felt stressed at work due to two or more of the following factors; work over-load, emergencies, adhoc duties (3.5%), lack of equipment (30.8%), poor work environment, poor managerial support, poor staff attitude to work and fellow staff (29.8%). Findings from this study also showed that headaches/migraine (76.3%), poor concentration (11.6%), and loss of work interest (10.1%) were the major effects of WRS. The study demonstrates that there is significant relationship between work – related stress on healthcare workers and service delivery, work over – load and increase in work stress, and poor managerial relationship/support and staff attitude to service delivery. This study recommends that, stress reduction strategies and management interventions lie in the adoption of both managerial/organizational interventions that reduce stress at source and to some extent involves the application of individual (staff) interventions. Reducing and managing the level of nosocomial stress will go a long way to positively influence service delivery. Healthcare workers tend to work more efficiently in a comfortable, safe and protective environment where there are sufficient equipment, proper remuneration, management interest on staff welfare, proper management of shifts and days off as well as staff involvement in issues and decisions that concerns their job and over – all well – being.

Keywords: Coping Strategies, Healthcare Workers, Nosocomial Stress, Patient., Stress, Work-related Stress

Work – Related Stress among Healthcare Workers in Ugep, Yakurr Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria: A Study of Sources, Effects, and Coping Strategies (Published)

Work Related Stress (WRS) is the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker in the work environment. Hospital work stress is a nosocomial stress characterized by stressors like; work over load, under – staffing, use of redundant equipment, poor promotion, poor managerial relationship with staff, poor working environment, excessive/prolonged working hours, etc. This study sought to determine the work – related stress among healthcare workers in Ugep. Data were collected using primary and secondary source. 198 semi–structured questionnaires were designed/administered through purposive sampling. Data generated were analysed using descriptive statistics such as mean, percentages, and illustrative graphs. Results and findings showed that 180 (92.8%) healthcare workers felt stressed at work due to two or more of the following factors; work over-load, emergencies, adhoc duties (3.5%), lack of equipment (30.8%), poor work environment, poor managerial support, poor staff attitude to work and fellow staff (29.8%). Findings from this study also showed that headaches/migraine (76.3%), poor concentration (11.6%), and loss of work interest (10.1%) were the major effects of WRS. The study demonstrates that there is significant relationship between work – related stress on healthcare workers and service delivery, work over – load and increase in work stress, and poor managerial relationship/support and staff attitude to service delivery. This study recommends that, stress reduction strategies and management interventions lie in the adoption of both managerial/organizational interventions that reduce stress at source and to some extent involves the application of individual (staff) interventions. Reducing and managing the level of nosocomial stress will go a long way to positively influence service delivery. Healthcare workers tend to work more efficiently in a comfortable, safe and protective environment where there are sufficient equipment, proper remuneration, management interest on staff welfare, proper management of shifts and days off as well as staff involvement in issues and decisions that concerns their job and over – all well – being.

Keywords: Coping Strategies, Healthcare Workers, Nosocomial Stress, Patient., Stress, Work-related Stress

Work – Related Stress among Healthcare Workers in Ugep, Yakurr Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria: A Study of Sources, Effects, and Coping Strategies (Published)

Work Related Stress (WRS) is the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker in the work environment. Hospital work stress is a nosocomial stress characterized by stressors like; work over load, under – staffing, use of redundant equipment, poor promotion, poor managerial relationship with staff, poor working environment, excessive/prolonged working hours, etc. This study sought to determine the work – related stress among healthcare workers in Ugep. Data were collected using primary and secondary source. 198 semi–structured questionnaires were designed/administered through purposive sampling. Data generated were analysed using descriptive statistics such as mean, percentages, and illustrative graphs. Results and findings showed that 180 (92.8%) healthcare workers felt stressed at work due to two or more of the following factors; work over-load, emergencies, adhoc duties (3.5%), lack of equipment (30.8%), poor work environment, poor managerial support, poor staff attitude to work and fellow staff (29.8%). Findings from this study also showed that headaches/migraine (76.3%), poor concentration (11.6%), and loss of work interest (10.1%) were the major effects of WRS. The study demonstrates that there is significant relationship between work – related stress on healthcare workers and service delivery, work over – load and increase in work stress, and poor managerial relationship/support and staff attitude to service delivery. This study recommends that, stress reduction strategies and management interventions lie in the adoption of both managerial/organizational interventions that reduce stress at source and to some extent involves the application of individual (staff) interventions. Reducing and managing the level of nosocomial stress will go a long way to positively influence service delivery. Healthcare workers tend to work more efficiently in a comfortable, safe and protective environment where there are sufficient equipment, proper remuneration, management interest on staff welfare, proper management of shifts and days off as well as staff involvement in issues and decisions that concerns their job and over – all well – being.

Keywords: Coping Strategies, Healthcare Workers, Nosocomial Stress, Patient., Stress, Work-related Stress

Assessing Clinical Solid Waste Management Strategies in Sunyani Municipality, Ghana– Evidence from Three Healthcare Facilities (Published)

The study investigated clinical waste management (CWM) strategies used by the three healthcare facilities in Ghana. Specifically, the study sought to; determine the amount of different kinds of solid waste; evaluate the existing methods for managing clinical solid waste in health facilities; and recommend possible remedial measures to be implemented. The study collected data through field data collection; observation and structured interview. Document analysis was used to triangulate the information collected through observation and structured interviews. The results revealed varying quantities of clinical waste generated and clinical waste compositions. CWM standards and best practices were inappropriately applied for clinical waste transportation, treatment, storage and disposal in two hospitals. Recycling strategy is non-existent. Reasons such as apathy of hospital administrators and waste collectors are attributed to poor CWM in the hospitals. The study recommends adoption of recycling strategy and creation of staff awareness and training on health implications of poor CWM.

Keywords: Clinical waste management (CWM), Healthcare Workers, Sunyani Municipality, solid waste strategy

WORK – RELATED STRESS AMONG HEALTHCARE WORKERS IN UGEP, YAKURR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA: A STUDY OF SOURCES, EFFECTS, AND COPING STRATEGIES (Published)

Work Related Stress (WRS) is the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker in the work environment. Hospital work stress is a nosocomial stress characterized by stressors like; work over load, under – staffing, use of redundant equipment, poor promotion, poor managerial relationship with staff, poor working environment, excessive/prolonged working hours, etc. This study sought to determine the work – related stress among healthcare workers in Ugep. Data were collected using primary and secondary source. 198 semi–structured questionnaires were designed/administered through purposive sampling. Data generated were analysed using descriptive statistics such as mean, percentages, and illustrative graphs. Results and findings showed that 180 (92.8%) healthcare workers felt stressed at work due to two or more of the following factors; work over-load, emergencies, adhoc duties (3.5%), lack of equipment (30.8%), poor work environment, poor managerial support, poor staff attitude to work and fellow staff (29.8%). Findings from this study also showed that headaches/migraine (76.3%), poor concentration (11.6%), and loss of work interest (10.1%) were the major effects of WRS. The study demonstrates that there is significant relationship between work – related stress on healthcare workers and service delivery, work over – load and increase in work stress, and poor managerial relationship/support and staff attitude to service delivery. This study recommends that, stress reduction strategies and management interventions lie in the adoption of both managerial/organizational interventions that reduce stress at source and to some extent involves the application of individual (staff) interventions. Reducing and managing the level of nosocomial stress will go a long way to positively influence service delivery. Healthcare workers tend to work more efficiently in a comfortable, safe and protective environment where there are sufficient equipment, proper remuneration, management interest on staff welfare, proper management of shifts and days off as well as staff involvement in issues and decisions that concerns their job and over – all well – being.

Keywords: Coping Strategies, Healthcare Workers, Nosocomial Stress, Patient., Stress, Work-related Stress