This study aimed at exploring treatment practices and protective measures used clothing traders observe to ensure safety in handling of the used clothing. Purposive and convenience sampling techniques were used to reach ten (10) used clothing traders. Structured interview schedule and observation checklist were the main instruments used to collect data. The mixed method approach was adopted to collect and analyse data. The results of the study indicated traders sorted out the used clothing into categories often than stain removal, repairing, washing and ironing before sale. Dusting (40%) and repair/alteration (30%) were the most observed treatments traders performed. The use of apron, hand washing and use of sanitizers were basic protective measures observed. Key safety measures such as use of hand gloves, eye protection devices, nose and mouth masks were ignored by the traders. The study concludes that possible health risks were found not to be under control hence, the need for public education.
Lead (Pb) Mining in Ebonyi State, Nigeria: Implications for Environmental And Human Health Risk. (Published)
Recent cases of lead (Pb) poisoning in Nigeria which has claimed the lives of over 500 children has been traced to mining. Forty soil samples were collected from the vicinity of four mining sites (A – D) scattered across the three senatorial zones of the state. These samples were sieved to <125 µm particle size fractions and digested using hotplate. Lead levels in these samples were determined using Flame atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (FAAS). The results revealed that the mean concentration of Site A was 7177 mg/kg, Site B = 5051 mg/kg, Site C = 3198 mg/kg and Site D = 7881 mg/kg. These values were compared with soil guideline values (SGVs) from six countries and they were all in excess of the SGVs. It is to be noted that when Pb levels exceed SGVs, it signifies a level of risk to man and his environment.