Tag Archives: Health Care

Collaboration and the Provision of Child Health Care Service in Internally Displaced Persons Camps in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria (Published)

The Boko Haram Terrorism has led to the displacement of a lot of people in Borno State. Majority of those displaced are children and are leaving in Maiduguri, the Borno State Capital. These children are mostly affected especially their health status. The need for the provision of effective health services for them cannot be over emphasized and this can be facilitated through collaboration among agencies. This study therefore, guided by the obligatory humanistic theory, assesses the impact of collaboration among agencies on the provision of healthcare for Children in Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) camps in Borno State. The study was conducted in the eleven (11) official camps in Maiduguri. The study employed both qualitative and quantitative techniques in generating data. In the case of primary data, questionnaire were administerd to government officials, Interview conducted with NGOs, and Focus Group Discussion was conducted with IDPs, while the secondary data were official records from Borno both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for analysis of the data obtained. The study found out there was agreement among the respondents that there health status of children in the camp has improved. There are health facilities in all the camps in Maiduguri which is maintained by both government health officials and NGOs. These agencies are saddled with the responsibilities of provision of qualitative child health care services and the services are collaboratively provided. There are consistent immunization services for the children by both the government and the NGOs. The total number of successful deliveries in the camps from 2014 to 2017 was 19097. This success was owing to qualitative antenatal care services. The study concludes that collaboration has been effective in the provision of healthcare needs of pediatrics in IDPs camps in Maiduguri. The study, therefore, recommends among others that agencies should work out a modality to ensuring that such facilities are provided in their return and reintegration efforts.

Keywords: Borno, Collaboration, Health Care, Internally Displaced Persons, children

Knowledge of Available Health Care and Health Care Satisfaction among Inpatients in a Tertiary Hospital in Benin City Edo State (Published)

User’s health care satisfaction is an important determinant of repeat patronage of health care services and the sustenance of any health care facility. Since little is known about user’s knowledge of available health care services and health care satisfaction in tertiary hospital, this study represents an attempt to fill this lacuna in literature. This study investigated knowledge, perception of available health care services and user’s health care satisfaction in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital Benin City, Nigeria. Sick role model guided the study. The research design was descriptive cross-sectional survey conducted between January and April 2014 on a sample of 420 inpatients using Multi-stage sampling technique in the five units of the facility. A semi structured questionnaire was designed to elicit information on respondents’ socio-demographic characteristics, level of knowledge of the available health care services using a 19 point knowledge scale and user’s health care satisfaction using 20 variables measured on a five point Likert scale. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from the inpatients. Whereas the quantitative data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Chi-square and logistics regression at P< 0.05, thematic analysis was applied to the qualitative data. The study found that there were variations in the levels of knowledge of available health care services. In general, the findings revealed that 90% of the respondents possessed high level of knowledge of the available health care services. Ninety-Five percent indicated a moderate level of health care satisfaction from the health care services received. Chi-square test (X2=22.400) revealed that a significant relationship existed between marital status and inpatient satisfaction with health care service. This study demonstrates the need for the provision of adequate health education on different aspects of available health care services from all providers of health care in the facility bearing in mind users’ prior knowledge so as to be able to address the desired health care satisfaction from the health care services during the period of accessing and utilization of such services in the hospital.

Keywords: Health Care, Knowledge, Satisfaction, Teaching Hospital

Socio-Economic Factors Influencing in-Patient Satisfaction With Health Care at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), Benin City, Nigeria. (Published)

Previous studies have focused largely on waiting time, cost of treatment and not much has been documented on in-patient outcome of  health care seeking in a tertiary institutions from the point of view of the patient themselves. This study, investigates the socio-economic factors that determine in-patient satisfaction with care at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), Benin City, Nigeria. The Sick Role Model, and Social Action theories guided the study and the research design was cross-sectional survey. A Multistage sampling technique was used to select 420 respondents from the five units of the hospital. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain relevant information from the respondents. Fifteen In-depth interviews (IDIs) were also conducted. Quantitative data were analysed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square while the qualitative data were content analysed. Findings show that, 61.4% were female, 70.0% were married, 42.0% had secondary school education, and 90% were Christians. Ninety-five percent indicated moderate level of satisfaction from the use of health care. Forty-seven percent indicated that economic constraint has influence on their use and satisfaction with the health care provided. Also, cultural beliefs, recipients’ age, spousal roles, access to multiple doctors, and staff-patient relationship, health education, income and occupation influenced their satisfaction. It is  recommended that socio-economic factors as they affect outcome of in-patients’ and  utilization of the available health care services be integrated into their medical services in the hospital organization providing health care services especially in teaching hospital. It is important for health care professionals to give consideration to cultural beliefs and economic issues of recipients who are seeking health care in the teaching hospital.      

Keywords: Cultural Beliefs, Health Care, In-Patient Satisfaction, Income

Socio-Economic Factors Influencing In-Patient Satisfaction With Health Care At The University Of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), Benin City, Nigeria (Published)

Previous studies have focused largely on waiting time, cost of treatment and not much has been documented on in-patient outcome of health care seeking in a tertiary institutions from the point of view of the patient themselves. This study, investigates the socio-economic factors that determine in-patient satisfaction with care at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), Benin City, Nigeria. The Sick Role Model, and Social Action theories guided the study and the research design was cross-sectional survey. A Multistage sampling technique was used to select 420 respondents from the five units of the hospital. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain relevant information from the respondents. Fifteen In-depth interviews (IDIs) were also conducted. Quantitative data were analysed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square while the qualitative data were content analysed. Findings show that, 61.4% were female, 70.0% were married, 42.0% had secondary school education, and 90% were Christians. Ninety-five percent indicated moderate level of satisfaction from the use of health care. Forty-seven percent indicated that economic constraint has influence on their use and satisfaction with the health care provided. Also, cultural beliefs, recipients’ age, spousal roles, access to multiple doctors, and staff-patient relationship, health education, income and occupation influenced their satisfaction.  It is  recommended that socio-economic factors as they affect outcome of in-patients’ and  utilization of the available health care services be integrated into their medical services in the hospital organization providing health care services especially in teaching hospital. It is important for health care professionals to give consideration to cultural beliefs and economic issues of recipients who are seeking health care in the teaching hospital.

Keywords: Cultural Beliefs, Health Care, In-Patient Satisfaction, Income

Traditional and Modern Medicine: A Survey of Views on Its Integration in Ghana (Published)

The contributions of Traditional and Modern Scientific Medicines to health care delivery have attracted a great deal attention in most communities worldwide. In Ghana, in spite of differences that have characterised both medicines, their existences have helped improved health care delivery services among societies. They have existed independently ensuring improvements in the restoration of healthiness and wellbeing. As its objective, the study examines perceptions with regard to the fusion of traditional and modern scientific medicines in health care delivery in Ghana. It presents and analyses views of 150 individuals in two towns in Ghana -Kumasi and Akoefe-Avenui -that practice and use both forms of medicines. Interviews and questionnaire served as the main research tools used in the collection of data among respondents. The study revealed that though traditional and modern scientific medicines are patronised by most people, they exist differently; there seems to be no formal integration existing between them in major health institutions. While some respondents (over 70%) supported the integration of both forms of medicine, others resented. The study, therefore, recommends a discourse between traditional and scientific medical practitioners so as to build trust and respect, hence, cordiality and cooperation between them. Also, proper national framework and policy should be put in place to sustain and make certain their integration so as to improve health care delivery.

Keywords: Health Care, Integration, Survey, Traditional and Modern Medicine

PRIMARY HEALTH CARE EXPECTATIONS AND REALITY OF BANGLADESH: A SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SELECTED TWO RURAL AREAS (Published)

Health care sector in Bangladesh is very essential sector. Health is wealth without health care development the quality of our life style is impossible. Our national economic and social development depends on health care sector. There are large amount of people living at the rural area. But they have little access to health care services. Health care service in Bangladesh is problematic and complex into different dimensions. Most of the people are increasingly impatient with the inability of health services to deliver national coverage that meet stated demands and changing needs, failure to provide services that correspond to their expectations. Some people disagree with health care system need to respond better faster to the challenges of new changing. This research deals with the expectations and reality of primary health care in Bangladesh and focuses on different Government and NGOs health care situation in rural areas.

Keywords: Health Care, Religious Beliefs, Rural treatment, Self-Efficacy, Traditional Medicine

AN ASSESSMENT OF PERCEPTIONS AND KNOWLEDGE OF HEALTH CARE ETHICAL PRINCIPLES AMONG HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS IN THE KUMASI METROPOLIS (Published)

Ethical theories and principles in health care are the foundations of ethical analysis. This is because they have become the viewpoints from which guidance can be obtained along the pathway to a decision. Each theory emphasizes different points such as predicting the outcome and following one’s duties to others in order to reach an ethically correct decision. However, in order for an ethical principle to be useful, the theory must be directed towards a common set of goals. Health care ethical principles are the common goals that all health practitioners try to achieve in order to be successful. These goals include beneficence, non-malficence (least harm), respect for autonomy and justice. In addition, are other related principles like; confidentiality, informed consent and truth telling. The objective of the paper finds whether or not health care practitioners in Kumasi are aware and knowledgeable of the use of the ethical principles which their profession confer on them. The research employed the use of questionnaires and interviews to obtain views from 220 respondents from the Kumasi metropolis (Ghana). Respondents gave diverse opinions in respect of their knowledge about these basic principles. The research identifies that many health care practitioners in the Kumasi metropolis attach little or no attention to the implementation of ethical principles. Several recommendations are made in reposting the challenges faced in the implementation of ethical principles. It is to be understood that ethical theories and principles bring significant characteristics to the decision-making process. This therefore makes a research into ethical and moral responsibilities among health care practitioners exclusively relevant.

Keywords: Ethical Principles, Ethics, Health Care, Knowledge, Perception, Well-being