Tag Archives: Health Care Workers

Awareness and Utilization of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Primary Health Care Workers in Ilesa, Osun State (Published)

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the cervix which is a cylinder that connects the lower part of a woman’s uterus to her vagina. The study investigated the awareness and utilization of cervical cancer screening services among primary health care workers in Ilesa, Osun state. The study adopted the descriptive cross-sectional research design. The sample size was determined by Taro Yamane, which was 192. Proportionate random sampling technique was used to select female primary healthcare workers. The instrument for data collection was a self-structured questionnaire which was divided into three sections. The instrument was subjected to face and content validity. Cronbach’s Alpha reliability coefficient for the constructs ranged from 0.72 to 0.85. The descriptive statistics was employed to answer the research questions, while Pearson correlation and chi-square analysis were employed to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings showed that level of awareness and utilisation of cervical cancer screening services was moderate. There was significant relationship between the level of awareness and utilization of cervical screening services among primary health workers (r = .272, p = .000<0.05). Only age (x2 = 25.533, p = .003 < 0.05) and ethnicity (x2 = 18.520, p = .005 < 0.05) were related to level of awareness of cervical screening services while age (x2 = 28.549, p = .000 < 0.05), marital status (x2 = 9.077, p = .011< 0.05), monthly income (x2 = 19.347, p = .000 < 0.05) and educational qualifications (x2 = 51.004, p = .000 < 0.05) were related to level of utilisation of cervical screening services among primary health workers. It was recommended among others that there is need to establish cervical cancer screening education programmes among health care professionals at all levels, especially among nurses.

Keywords: Health Care Workers, Screening, Utilization, awareness, cervical cancer

Knowledge and Practice of Hepatitis B Prevention among Health Care Workers in Wesley Guild Hospital, Ilesa, Osun State Nigeria (Published)

Background: Globally, health workers are at risk of contracting Hepatitis B infection if preventive measures are jeopardized. This study assessed the knowledge and practice of prevention of Hepatitis B, identified factors affecting practice of HBV prevention among health care workers (HCW) and assessed factors influencing vaccination against hepatitis B in Wesley Guild Hospital, Ilesa, Osun State, Nigeria. Method: A descriptive cross sectional design was adopted. One hundred and ninety-two health care workers were selected using simple random sampling technique. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 Result: Findings showed that 99.5% of the respondents had good knowledge about HBV infection, 99% of the respondents had good knowledge on prevention of HBV infection. Knowledge was associated with academic qualification (P = 0.001).  Also, 60.9% had good practice of prevention of hepatitis. Years of experience was not associated with practice of prevention of HBV Infection (P = 0.056). Also, 85.4% of health workers had been tested for hepatitis virus before and less than three – quarter had received HBV vaccine. Also, (29.2%) had never received hepatitis B vaccine.  Barriers associated with HBV vaccination among HCW include: availability of hepatitis B vaccine in the hospital (87.5%), cost of the vaccine (76%) fear of needle prick during vaccination (50%). Conclusion: The study concluded that majority of the health care workers had good knowledge of Hepatitis B prevention but not all of them with good knowledge carried out good practices regarding to HBV infection prevention.

Keywords: HBV Infection Prevention, Health Care Workers, Knowledge