Tag Archives: Hazards

Determination of the Effects of Building Constructions on the Health of Site Workers in Minna, Nigeria (Published)

Building construction activities and accidents on construction sites are significantly rated high in Nigeria. To reduce this problem, various building construction sites in Minna metropolis were studied and the aim was to determine the extent in which the health of workers are being affected by the construction activities by taking into considerations, the sources of responsible hazards, in order to generate guidelines to reduce hazards in construction sites in Nigeria. 10 different areas in Minna metropolis were used for this research. In each of these areas, data were collected from two building construction sites. The types of buildings that were studied are residential, commercial and institutional buildings. Primary data were obtained through interviews and structured checklist. In each of the building construction site, five workers were interviewed. Secondary data were obtained from the reviews of relevant academic materials to this research. Tables and content analysis technique were used to present the data.  Among the findings are: the majority of workers have no protective clothing and the frequency of this loop hole is significantly rated very high in all the building construction sites; some workers do not have boots to protect their feet in all the building construction sites that were studied; Among the recommended guidelines are: it must be ensured by the building engineers or the project managers that all the workers should have protective clothing, in order to minimise injuries during the construction activities on the building construction sites; it must also be ensured by the building engineers or the project managers that all the workers should have boots to protect their feet, in order to minimise injuries during the construction activities on the building construction sites.

 

Keywords: Hazards, Health, building construction, injuries, workers

Determination of the Effects of Building Constructions on the Health of Site Workers in Minna, Nigeria (Published)

Building construction activities and accidents on construction sites are significantly rated high in Nigeria. To reduce this problem, various building construction sites in Minna metropolis were studied and the aim was to determine the extent in which the health of workers are being affected by the construction activities by taking into considerations, the sources of responsible hazards, in order to generate guidelines to reduce hazards in construction sites in Nigeria. 10 different areas in Minna metropolis were used for this research. In each of these areas, data were collected from two building construction sites. The types of buildings that were studied are residential, commercial and institutional buildings. Primary data were obtained through interviews and structured checklist. In each of the building construction site, five workers were interviewed. Secondary data were obtained from the reviews of relevant academic materials to this research. Tables and content analysis technique were used to present the data.  Among the findings are: the majority of workers have no protective clothing and the frequency of this loop hole is significantly rated very high in all the building construction sites; some workers do not have boots to protect their feet in all the building construction sites that were studied; Among the recommended guidelines are: it must be ensured by the building engineers or the project managers that all the workers should have protective clothing, in order to minimise injuries during the construction activities on the building construction sites; it must also be ensured by the building engineers or the project managers that all the workers should have boots to protect their feet, in order to minimise injuries during the construction activities on the building construction sites.

 

Keywords: Hazards, Health, building construction, injuries, workers

Potential Workplace Risks and Hazards Encountered By Factory Employees in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya (Published)

Work place disasters have become a major global concern. Industrial hazards including accidents, dangerous procedures, infrastructure failures or specific human activities cause loss of life, injury, illness or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage. UN/ISDR (2009). This paper sought to identify the workplace hazards that employees are exposed to in line of duty. The study made use of survey and evaluation designs. Purposive sampling was used to select the industries and simple random sampling to select the study units. The study units included; Managerial staff and workers of large, middle and small scale factories in Eldoret, labor officers in the Ministry of labor (Public Health Officers), fire brigade officers, Kenya National Environment Management Authority and the Kenya Red Cross Society Regional officials. Interviews and questionnaires were used for data collection from administrators and other factory employees while observation was used to identify risks within the workplace. Data from the research was analyzed using descriptive statistics, frequencies, t-test, x2-square and ANOVA. The study concluded that; mechanical (367) and physical (108) total number of injuries were the highest in the industrial workplaces in the last five years. Thus a high number of employees are exposed to risks mainly mechanical (64%) and physical (51%) risks in large scale industries in Eldoret Municipality in Kenya. This study was quite significant, putting emphasis on the need for employees to know and identify their workplace hazards for safety and health.

Keywords: Hazards, Occupation Health and Safety Act., Workplace Safety