Integration of Hausa Traditional Architecture in the Development of Abuja: A Methodological Approach (Published)
Citation: Tanimu Adamu Jatau Noma, Ali F. Bakr and Zeyad M. El Sayad (2022) Integration of Hausa Traditional Architecture in the Development of Abuja: A Methodological Approach, International Journal of African Society, Cultures and Traditions, Vol.10, No.1, pp.27-38,
Abstract: The development of urban areas is a discourse that has been on-going particularly in Abuja, Nigeria where different modern styles of architecture have emerged in recent years. Yet little is done in the adoption of traditional architecture into the present needs. Therefore, this paper presents the potentials of Hausa traditional architecture, in terms of how architecture still adopts to the various impacts of modernization. A literature-based discourse is pursued in this study. The main keywords are expanded to argue the adaptation of Hausa traditional architectural styles into the present need for development in urban areas. Findings here suggests traditional architecture adapts better to the present developmental needs and the local materials used are less expensive, durable, cost effective. Furthermore, the findings are expected to spur developers as well as the different development control agencies particularly in Abuja to develop models for infrastructural developments. It ends with a discourse that integrates Hausa traditional architecture with urban development.
Development and Evaluation of L1 (Mother Tongue) Hausa Based ICT Enhanced Teacher Development (ICTeTD) Mode of Instruction in Physics (Published)
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of L1 Hausa based ICT instructional mode on the cognitive learning outcomes of Senior Secondary Schools Physics Students in Kontagora Municipal area, Niger State. Four (4) research questions and four (4) hypotheses were answered and tested respectively. A quasi-experimental design using Pre-Post Test intervention, was adopted for the study. A sample of participants, in three groups, totaling ninety-eight (98) was purposively selected from Senior Secondary School II Students studying Physics. Classical Physics Achievement Test (CPAT), which was used as the instrument for data collection was validated and its reliability index was 0.71. The data obtained was analysed using comparison of means and Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) at 0.05 level of significance. Results of the study revealed that students who were taught Physics using Hausa and those who were taught Physics in Hausa with the aid of ICTeTD instructional mode achieved significantly better than the students taught using English language as the medium of instruction. The result also revealed that students taught Physics using Hausa with the aid of the web-based package achieved better than those taught using Hausa only, with an effect size of 27.2% by partial eta squared estimates. There was no significant difference in the achievement of students based on gender. Based on the findings of this study it was recommended that ICTeTD instructional mode should be adopted in the teaching of Physics in students’ mother tongues to aid their understanding of Physics concepts.
An Application of Optimality Theory (OT) on Syllable Structure within Reduplication in Hausa Spoken in Kano (Published)
This paper discusses the process of word formation with reference to the types and functions of reduplication in one of the dialects of Hausa which is spoken in Kano, Nigeria. The study investigated the interaction of syllable structures and syllable weight of Hausa, showing the phonological interactions that occur within the morphological process of reduplication using Optimality Theory (OT). The OT analysis demonstrates that syllable structure and weight are important in selecting the optimal reduplication candidate. Specifically, structures like CVCC are not permitted in the reduplicant because they are not permissible forms in Hausa syllable structures. Additionally, the analysis reveals that in total reduplication, the reduplicant is usually a disyllabic foot, whereas in partial reduplication, it is a monosyllabic foot. These findings may shed light on a new facet of OT and its role of interpreting reduplication in Hausa. Hence, this study offers a new window to phonologists who are interested in OT and to explore further issues of Hausa in light of OT.
Traditional buildings across Nigeria’s geographical zones are known to have demonstrated a thorough response to the climate, local technology and socio-economic milieu in which they evolved. The origin of these different traditional building body associates with the natural materials availability to the local builders as well as religious belief, cultural and taboos. The advent of colonialism in Nigeria changed the traditional life and culture of Nigerian which creates a weak connection between traditional architecture and contemporary architecture in Nigeria. Most recent buildings designs across Hausa regions in Nigeria have been built with imported materials and the construction techniques tailored to satisfy the modernity self-ego and aspirations. Thus, traditional architecture ought not to be abandoned and forgotten, hence; experts’ awareness should be tailored to the understanding of its original essence. This paper through intensive literature review of documents, journals, books, periodical, seminar papers amongst others critically explore the key importance relating to the development of Hausa traditional architecture. In addition, paper identifies the “determinant” and “moderating” factors as main issues that contributed to the development of Hausa traditional architecture, in cognizance of local materials, method of construction, methods lay-out, social, cultural factors, and environmental factors amongst others. The enumerated factors dominate the colonial periods and the subsequent traditional forms development. Thus, the paper concludes that despite the impact of modernization in terms of styles, materials, and method of construction in recent times, the professionals, designers and the researchers should be cognizance of the social- cultural and religious beliefs of clients/users. It is recommended that, for functional architectural forms, efforts should be geared towards harmonizing the traditional and modern contemporary designs concepts