Tag Archives: Guidance

The Significance of Black Psychology, Guidance and Conselling in the Upbringing of African (Yoruba) Children (Published)

Citation: Ojetayo Gabriel Kehinde  (2022) The Significance of Black Psychology, Guidance and Conselling in the Upbringing of African (Yoruba) Children, Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.10, No.2, pp.39-45

Abstract: Psychology is a scientific study of human and animal behaviour. It is a subject which involves studying a number of factors such as the relationship of physical development to behaviours, attitudes and abilities. On the other hand, guidance is a process of helping an individual gain self-understanding and self-direction so that the person can adjust maximally to his environment. Counselling in the other hand is a system or process of helping an individual to accept and use information and advice so that he can either solve his present problem or cope with it successfully. This paper posit that African parents, elders and the like study their wards, guide and counsel them. They use a range of approaches to solve human predicament. This paper intends to examines various ways which African guide and counsel their wards. The theoretical frame work of human needs theory is used to justify the significance of this study. The paper conclude that parents should endeavor study, guide and counsel their wards appropriately so as to gain self-understanding. Assistances can be given on a continuous basis until the individual reaches self-understanding.

Keywords: Guidance, Psychology, upbringing and African children

Evaluating the Impact of Counseling Services in Senior High Schools in Ghana: The Case Of Okere District. (Published)

Lately, it is common to observe violence and other deviant behaviors among senior high schools. This many have attributed it to poor implementation of guidance and counseling services rendered in most SHS in the country and the Okere District. The primary research purpose was to assess the importance of guidance and counseling units in some selected Senior High Schools in the Okere District. The nature of the research was descriptive, with the questionnaire as the primary data collection instrument. The research employed simple random sampling and purposive sampling methods to select students and teachers, respectively. Statistical tools employed were mean, charts, percentages, crosstabulation, and ANOVA. The findings revealed that most Senior High Schools in the District render orientation service. The findings also revealed that lack of training physical facilities, inadequate funds, missing pertinent reference materials, few guidance and counseling sessions, and no involvement of peer counselors impede the implementation of guidance and counseling units in the District. Finally, the findings also revealed guidance and counseling services rendered in the schools in the District affect students’ academic performance. Therefore, it is recommended that schools in the District be assisted in improving their guidance and counseling units since it will affect students’ academic performance when well carried out.

Keywords: Ghana, Guidance, Okere district, counseling services senior high schools

The Effectiveness of Sociodrama Techniques in Improving Self-Concept and Self-Efficacy on Students Sma Negeri 2 Bantul (Published)

The purpose of this research was to know the effectiveness of sociodrama technique in improving self concept and self efficacy of student in SMA Negeri 2 Bantul. This research type is experiment. The design used in this research was pre-test and post-test design. The subjects in this study were 27 students of class XI IPA 2. The instrument in this research was self concept scale called TSCS consisting of 84 item statements and self efficacy scale consisting of 26 item statement. Technique of data analysis in this research used t tests formula for significance level 0.05. The results showed that sociodrama technique was effective to improve self concept and self efficacy of students. Self concept and self efficacy of students increased in the “high” category. There was a difference in the end result of pre-test and post-test after obtaining group guidance of sosiodrama technique with p (p-value) or sig> 0.05, then H0 was accepted.

Keywords: : Experiment, Guidance, Self-Concept, Self-Efficacy, Sociodrama, counseling

Teachers’ perception of the roles of guidance counsellors in secondary schools in rivers state (Published)

The study investigated teachers’ perception of the roles of Guidance Counsellors in secondary schools in Rivers State, Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was adopted to select three hundred and seventy (370) male and female secondary school teachers from a population of five thousand three hundred school teachers. The “School Teachers’ Perception of Guidance Counsellors Rating Scale” (STPRGCRS) was administered to the respondents to collect necessary data. The t-test statistics was used to test three null hypotheses at 0.05 significance level. The findings revealed that there were no significant differences in teachers’ perception of the role of Guidance counsellors in secondary school in Rivers State. Therefore, the three null hypotheses were accepted. Based on the above findings six (6) recommendation were made: (1)The Government of Rivers State should endearvour to establish counselling units in each secondary schools, and should be functional to meet the needs of students. (2) Qualified counsellors from accredited colleges and universities, with minimum qualification of bachelor in Guidance and counselling or psychology. (3) Counsellors should focus on counselling students as their primary functions. (4) Counsellors should hold staffing with parents, students and teachers as time will permit in each school session. (5) Counsellors should strictly observe confidentiality as code of ethics. (6) Counsellor should be able to refer students with major emotional problems to the appropriate helping professionals.

Keywords: Counsellors, Guidance, Secondary Schools, Teachers’ Perception

Guidance and Counselling: A Creativity for Promoting Sustainable Well Being and Adjustment of Secondary School Students in Nigeria. (Published)

The Nigerian education system adopted guidance and counselling as a school service programme meant to promote well being and optimal adjustment of learners. Its scope covers all aspects that enhance student’s excellent academic performances, preparation for and adaptations into vocations, and abilities meant for use in resolving personal, social and psychological problems. It emphasizes self direction and clear definition of purpose meant to actualize life skills for growth and development of learners in and out of school. Its importance in schools cannot therefore be over emphasized. It follows therefore that among other counselling techniques used in group dynamism, peer group counselling technique appears to among others, be good modalities for championing the means of creating the sustainable students’ well being and adjustment. Guidance and counselling should therefore be supported to cater accordingly for the stated purpose.

Keywords: Counselling, Creativity, Guidance, Students, wellbeing and Adjustment