Assessment of Poultry Manure and NPK Fertilizer on the Yield Components of Cucumber Variety in Owerri (Published)
Citation: Mary Chidimma Williams, Queendaline Amarachi Ezeoke, Victor Adelodun Diekade, Oluwafemi Oyedele, Paul Mbonu, Emmanuel Tolulope (2022) Assessment of Poultry Manure and NPK Fertilizer on the Yield Components of Cucumber Variety in Owerri, International Journal of Horticulture and Forestry Research, Vol.3, No.1, pp.1-11
Abstract: Cucumber is an annual vegetable crop grown for its vitamins and mineral-rich fruits. Although inorganic fertilizer improves crop yield, its consistent usage leads to soil acidity. This study was conducted to assess the effects of poultry manure (PM) and its combination with NPK fertilizer on the growth and yield of cucumber. The layout was a 3 x 3 factorial scheme with three replicates at the research field of Federal University of Technology, Owerri in 2017. Three treatments consisting PM (5tons/ha), PM (2.5tons/ha) + NPK (60kg/ha) and NPK (120kg/ha) were applied. At 6 weeks after planting (WAP), Poultry manure and its combination with NPK positively influenced growth parameters such as vine length and number of leaves. Fruit length, fruit circumference, fruit number and fruit weight were significantly increased by PM. Cu999 performed significantly better than other varieties for fruit length and fruit number while Cu102 had the highest fruit weight.
Growth Response of Dennettia Tripetala (G. Baker) to different organic manure at the early stage (Published)
Early stage of plants is the major determinant of its growth and yield. This is directly linked to the nature of soil, nutrient availability and climatic conditions the plants were exposed to at its early stage. The experiment was conducted at the screen house of the Department of Forestry and Wildlife, Faculty of Agriculture, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State from February to August 2018. The study evaluated the growth response of Dennettia tripetala to different organic manure. Four treatments were used for the experiment and were replicated four times with four seedlings per replicate. The treatments were: T1 (Control; Top soil only), T2 (Mineralized cow dung), T3 (Mineralized pig dung) and T4 (Mineralized fish pond sediment). The experiment was laid in Completely Randomized Design. Parameters assessed includes: Seedling height (cm), Collar diameter (cm) and Number of leaves. Watering was done daily. Results showed that T4 had the best performance in seedling height, and number of leaves with a mean value of 8.966071cm and 3.01 respectively while T3 had the best performance in collar diameter with mean value of 0.226473cm. The least performance was recorded in T2 in number of leaves with mean value of 2.81 while T1 had the least performance in height with mean value of 8.366964cm. However, there were significant differences among the treatments at 5% level of probability in number of leaves and height and Duncan Multiple Range Test was used to separate significant means but collar diameter was not significant. Hence, Dennettia tripetala seedlings thrives excellently in fish pond sediments and should be adopted as the best media for the early establishment of the seedlings to increase its early growth and development.