Group discussions, if properly harnessed, can help learners to own the learning process, communicate their thoughts, feelings, ideas or information freely and efficiently in their environment. Group discussions can also provide opportunities for self-learning, rather than having learners to sit passively to memorize and repeat what the teacher gives them. In the twenty-first century, teachers need to focus on empowering learners to create, interpret, legitimize and disseminate knowledge. Therefore, this paper examines the influence of speaking anxiety on the effectiveness of group discussion as a learning strategy in Kiswahili language classrooms. The theoretical framework of the study that informed this paper was drawn from the Communicative Language Theory (CLT). The study involved a sample of 21 public secondary schools purposively sampled from a total of 206 public secondary schools in Bungoma County, Kenya. Three hundred and seventy-eight Form Two learners formed the study sample. The study adopted a correlation study design and used students’ questionnaire and a semi-structured interview schedule for data collection. Analysed data was presented using frequencies percentages and histograms. The research findings revealed that there is a significant relationship between speaking anxiety and effectiveness of group discussion as a learning strategy. Subsequently, this paper recommends that teachers of Kiswahili should focus on reducing the levels of speaking anxiety among learners in Kiswahili language classrooms. This strategy will improve their participation in group discussions. They should also increase the use of group discussions to help reduce the levels of anxiety because group discussions cannot be conducted successfully with students who have high levels of social anxiety.
Differential Effects of Project Based, Group Discussion and Self-Regulated Learning Techniques on Students’ Achievement in Biology (Published)
This study investigated the differential effects of Project Based, Group Discussion and Self Regulated Learning Techniques on students’ academic achievement on Biology in Aba South Local Government Area of Abia State. Non Equivalent control Group Quasi Experimental design was used. Four research question and Four Hypotheses guided the conduct of the study. The population is all the SS2 Biology students from the six public secondary school in the Area of study totaling 1142. The sample size consists of 128 SS2 students drawn through purposive sampling technique. Simple random sampling Technique with slip of papers was used to assign the students into four groups of Project Based, Group Discussion, Self Regulated Learning Techniques and the Control Group. Mean (x) and Standard Deviation (SD) were used to answer the research questions. Paired Sample t-test, Independent t-test, Analysis of Covariance and Post Hoc Multiple Comparison were used to analyze the Hypotheses at 0.05 significance level. The Study found out that Project Based Learning significantly outperformed Group Discussion, Self Regulated Learning and the Control Group in enhancing students’ achievement, while Self Regulated Learning enhanced students’ achievement higher than Group Discussion but not significantly. All the treatment groups significantly outperformed the Control Group. Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations were made; Proper learning strategy which may help students comprehend the content of the learning like Project Based learning should be encouraged in the teaching and learning environment. Learning without relevant strategies should be de-emphasized at all levels of education.