Tag Archives: Greece

Assessing Young Children’s Social Competence: The Greek Version of the Social Competence Scale for Preschoolers-Parent Version (Published)

Successful social functioning in the kindergarten is related to future academic success and is regarded as one of the basic goals of the curriculum. Assessment of social competence is therefore critical to identify children at risk for poor outcomes and to provide evidence for the effectiveness of relevant activities and programs. Parents are considered quite reliable informants regarding children’s social competence and measurements should include relevant behaviors that may develop regardless context and situation. The purpose of present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Social Competence Scale-Parent version (SCS-P), taking into account that relevant robust measures of social competence are lacking with reference to the Greek context. Mothers of 913 children attending public kindergartens, aged 4-6 years, participated in the study, from 33 prefectures of Greece. Exploratory factor analysis revealed two robust and reliable factors. Only two items did not load onto the expected factor showing the value-laden and culture specific nature of social competence. 

 

Keywords: : Scale, Greece, Kindergarten, Parents, social competence

Women’s Views of Postnatal Care and Evaluation of an Intervention of Postnatal Home Visits in Greece (Published)

A mixed method case control study was conducted to investigate an intervention of postnatal home visits and women’s perceptions and satisfaction of their care postpartum in Greece. In total 24 women participated in the study who delivered in the maternity unit of a public general hospital in Southern Greece. Of the participants 12 mothers had the standard postnatal care and 12 received, in addition, home visits as part of their postnatal care. Postnatal home visits are not usually provided by the National Health Service in Greece. The aim of this study was to examine the respondents’ views and needs in order provide better care for future clients. The women were interviewed 40 days after birth. The main issues that emerged were support from health professionals, support from the husband & family, physical & psychological health of the mother, care of the newborn and financial difficulties. Women were also given a self administered questionnaire to complete after the interview. The women who had home visits rated professional support significantly higher than the control group, t-test p=0.039. Future planning of health services should include the choice for new mothers to receive postnatal home visits.

Keywords: Greece, Health promotion, Home Visits, Postpartum Period

An Analysis of the Life Cycle of Foreign Affiliates in a Small Open Economy: The Case of Greece 1960-2010 (Published)

The intellectual aspiration of the paper is to highlight the evolution of MNE activity in the Greek economy during the 1960-2010 period, using as intellectual analytical tools theories of FDI such as the Investment Development Path and New Institutional Economics apparatus. By imposing a time dichotomy in two sub-periods (1960-1980) and (1981-2010) we point out that in the first period, the economic environment was characterized by low wages, trade protection with tariffs and quotas, thus this period is the period of protectionism. During this early period, foreign MNEs had penetrated the Greek market with resource seeking (RS) and tariff-jumping (TJ) affiliates.

In the second period, which is the period of integration, the economic traits have changed. Thus infrastructure has been improved, wages have risen, trade barriers were gradually perished, and Greek firms started to engage in advertising and marketing and created their own branded products. This period has three sub-periods (1981-1990, 1991-2000, 2001-2010). During these sub-periods foreign MNEs, gradually but steadily reduce the number of RS and TJ affiliates and replace them with new market seeking (NMS) Greenfield affiliates stemmed from TJ units and acquisitions. We also highlight, that throughout the period although the total volume of FDI increased in absolute numbers, in relative terms (i.e. viz. a viz. other states), Greece failed to attract massive FDI inflows for a variety of reasons. Thus this research is associated with the evolution of FDI in a small open economy, its specific forms and with the survival of foreign plants. We have applied descriptive statistical methods and we have found out that in the 1960-2010 period foreign investments in Greece have been transformed. Thus in the early period (1960-1980) foreign MNEs prefer to engage in resource-seeking and tariff jumping investments, where as in the second period (1981-2010) foreign multinationals invest in new market seeking Greenfield affiliates. These results for the case of the Greek economy are reported for the first time. Furthermore, these results can be used as a specific case study of the evolution of a small and increasingly integrated open economy.

 

Keywords: Business History, FDI, Greece, Multinational Enterprises