The study investigates the concerning issue of unemployment among Nigerian graduates in recent years. Youth unemployment has come from the University’s incapacity to meet the needs of these graduates, as well as the promotion of economic, self-reliance, and self-sufficiency. In Nigeria, this has led in a rise in youth unrest. In addition, the purpose of this study is to investigate employability, with a focus on the relationship between education and employability, in order to evaluate whether employability can be improved through university education. The article goes on to highlight some employability skills and propose ways for universities to re-engineer themselves in order to obtain these capabilities for the benefit of our students and society as a whole.
Citation: Ossai A.G. and Okokoyo, I. E (2022) Managing University Education for Employability in Nigeria: The Way Forward, British Journal of Education, Vol.10., Issue 6, pp. 37-45
Performance Evaluation of Skills Acquisition for Self- Reliance among Graduates of Technical Colleges in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
Citation: Alfred Denis Oyama and God’sdesire Alfred Oyama (2022) Performance Evaluation of Skills Acquisition for Self- Reliance among Graduates of Technical Colleges in Cross River State, Nigeria, International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education Research, Vol. 8, No.1 pp.1-10
Abstract: This study sought to evaluate skills acquisition for self-reliance among graduates of technical colleges in Cross River State, Nigeria. Relevant literatures to the variable of the study was critically examined. Descriptive research design was adopted for this study. A sample of 241graduates was used for the study. The sampling technique adopted for study was accidental and snowball sampling technique. The main instrument used for the collection of data was the questionnaire with reliability coefficient ranging from .84, .63 and 63 and data raised were analyzed using the simple percentage analysis. The results obtained showed a significant positive influence of skills acquisition for self-reliance among graduates of technical colleges in Cross River State, Nigeria. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that government should reposition all the technical colleges in Cross River State, Nigeria and Products of technical colleges should be regularly evaluated to provide immediate feedback and spot areas that will require modification in order to continue to sustain and promote the programme. Finally, the study suggested that a replication of this study should be carried out again on the variables that were not previously investigated.
Influence of Political Party Affiliation and Level of Education on Perception of Hate Speech in Nigeria (Published)
This paper investigated the influence of political party affiliation and level of education on perception of hate speech in Port Harcourt Metropolis of Nigeria. Using the quantitative design and the Speech Act theoretical framework, eighty (80) respondents for political party affiliation and one hundred and seventy two (172) respondents for levels of education were examined with a hypothetical statement: “I charge you to continue to challenge corruption and its vices, and stop government who institutionalized them from coming back to power”. Their responses showed distinctions in their perception and knowledge of hate speech acceding that party affiliation and academic exposure influence the assertion of what is and what is not a hate speech. The research therefore concludes that hate speech, which is any spoken words that are offensive, insulting, and/or threatening to an individual or group based on a particular attribute of that person or persons being targeted, is a social problem which is interpreter-specific and lacks a definite or precise definition. The paper recommends enthronement of peace strategies in Nigeria such as equity in distribution of infrastructure, appointments into political and public offices, among others.
The teacher training program must be of paramount importance in order to establish a strong educational system that serves the objectives of the country’s educational policy. Bachelor of Education program (B.ED) in Bahrain Teachers College (BTC) at Bahrain University is specially designed to prepare an efficient teacher capable of implementing and achieving the educational objectives prepared by the Ministry of Education. This research aims to investigate the BTC graduates, senior teachers and school principals’ views of the B.ED program of BTC, and to what extent it prepared and trained BTC students to put theories into practice. Data was collected through a questionnaire. 183 participants took part in the study. The findings revealed that the program was effective in helping candidate teachers to acquire the necessary skills of instructional strategies, use of technology and effective communication. On the other hand, some of the participants responses demonstrated that some graduates are weak in content knowledge. Therefore, they suggest more training in the content knowledge for the specialization they have to teach.
Stakeholders’ Perception of Contribution of Graduates of Women Centre for Continue Education to Economic and Political Development in Northwest Nigeria (Published)
The paper examined the stakeholders’ perception of contribution of graduates of women centre for continue education economic and political development in northwest Nigeria. These stakeholders in education design on the outcome of schooling and the purposes of learning. The population of this study consisted of all the stakeholders in education that comprised the students, graduates, teachers, school administrators, Ministry personnel, Quality Assurances officers in the North-west zone of Nigeria. The population total was 1970 out of this numbers, 1261 respondents were proportionately selected for the study. Four states were selected out of the seven North-western states using purposive sampling technique. 2 research questions were raised for the study and three (3) hypotheses were formulated descriptive statistics was used to answer the research questions .While, chi-square statistical analysis was used to answer the formulated hypotheses.. The study concludes that there is significant association between stakeholders’ perception of graduates’ contribution to economic and political development in Northwest Nigeria. It was recommended that Stakeholders should therefore advance measures to encourage and motivate women to strive harder and continue the political and economic advancement in Northwest Nigeria.
The Changing Nature of Work and Employability Skills Development in Higher Education Institutions in Ghana (Published)
There is growing awareness in Ghana of the importance of higher education to develop and enhance employability skills in the increasing competitive global market. Both higher education and labour market are changing rapidly. As the student intake is becoming more diverse in age, background, previous educational experience, interests and ambitions, graduate employment is also changing and diversifying as many students continue to work part-time throughout their study programmes. Essentially, this study explores the development of employability skills in higher educational institutions through the review of research studies, policy documents and experiences from other countries. Relevant literature relating to potential sources, promotion and barriers to employability skills development are further examined. The paper concludes with strategies and policy guidelines to enhancing employability development in HEIs in Ghana to promote graduates mobility in the rapidly changing working environment.
Navigating Through Ph.D Programmes: Experiences of Ghanaian Ph.D Graduates from Universities across the Globe (Published)
This research sought to examines the experiences of Ghanaian PhD graduates from various universities across the globe. A qualitative research model was therefore designed and used to explore factors that motivated the PhD graduates to pursue their programmes, challenges they faced in the course of their study, effects of these challenges on them and how they dealt with the challenges. Purposive and convenience sampling techniques were employed to select twenty participants for the study. The theoretical focus of the study was on human capital theory. The data was analysed using thematic approach. It emerged from the study that job placement and security, the academic environment, family aspiration and expectation, personal desire to stand out to be visible and availability of scholarships were factors that motivated Ghanaian PhD graduates to pursue their programmes. The findings also revealed that Ghanaian PhD graduates lost most of their acquaintances deliberately, missed their families and social life, and had difficulty managing supervisor/student relationship, battling with theories, data management and analysis. It became obvious that as part of PhD students orientation they should be made to understand that uncertainty, doubt, disappointments are parts of the PhD experience and they should not be derailed by those conditions. Universities running PhD programmes should provide counselling centres and programmes that are tailored towards the reduction of stress factors accompanying PhD programmes.
Core Skills Required by Graduates of Motor Vehicle Mechanic Work For Maintaining Anti-Lock Braking System of Modern Cars in Lagos State (Published)
The study was carried out to determine the core skills required by graduates of motor vehicle mechanic work for maintaining anti-lock braking system of modern cars in Lagos State. A survey research design was employed for the study. The population for the study comprised 204 supervisors in 68 registered automobile maintenance industries in Lagos State. A structured questionnaire item was used for collecting data from the respondents. The instrument was validated by three experts. Cronbach alpha reliability method was employed to determine the internal consistency of the questionnaire items and 0.82 was obtained as reliability coefficient. Three research questions guided the study while three null hypotheses formulated were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Mean was used for answering research questions while t-test statistics was used to test the hypotheses of no significant difference at 0.05 levels of significance and 183 degree of freedom. It was found out that all the thirteen competencies in servicing, twenty four competencies in repairing anti-lock braking system and ten safety competencies identified were required by graduates of MVMW for maintaining anti-lock braking system. It was recommended that all the maintenance-abilities or competencies identified in the study should be used to retrain the graduates of MVMW in Lagos State. It was also recommended that experts and specialists in ABS maintenance should be employed to train the graduates of MVMW.
Graduate Employment Type In Relation To Areas of Specialisation: A Case Study of a Selected Higher Learning Institution in Botswana (Published)
The purpose of this paper was to determine whether graduates of a selected higher learning institution (HLI) in Botswana got jobs in their areas of specialisation. The issue of graduates who are not employed in their field of specialisation has gained prominence in national debates world over. The mismatch between graduate employment types in relation to graduates’ fields of specialisation has created a dichotomy which has generated growing interest for governments, ministries of education, regulatory authorities, institutions of higher learning, industry, students, and parents at large. With a bigger chunk of the national fiscus in Botswana going to funding education, the dichotomy has turned into an issue of national interest. The study employed the case study research design while the research approach was quantitative. Survey strategy was used for data collection. This study’s target population was all former full time students at the selected HLI in Botswana who graduated between 2007 and 2014. Since the study was a quantitative one, convenient sampling procedure was adopted. The sample size adopted for this study was 250. The study revealed that across gender, more graduates were employed in their fields of expertise when compared to those employed in fields they did not specialise in. Gender-wise, there were more female graduates employed in areas of expertise when compared to male graduates.
Graduate Employment Type In Relation To Areas of Specialization: A Case Study of a Selected Higher Learning Institution in Botswana (Published)
The purpose of this paper was to determine whether graduates of a selected higher learning institution (HLI) in Botswana got jobs in their areas o specialisation. The issue of graduates who are not employed in their field of specialization has gained prominence in national debates world over. The mismatch between graduate employment types in relation to graduates’ fields of specialization has created a dichotomy which has generated growing interest for governments, ministries of education, regulatory authorities, and institutions of higher learning, industry, students, and parents at large. With a bigger chunk of the national fiscus in Botswana going to funding education, the dichotomy has turned into an issue of national interest. The study employed the case study research design while the research approach was quantitative. Survey strategy was used for data collection. This study’s target population was all former full time students at the selected HLI in Botswana who graduated between 2007 and 2014. Since the study was a quantitative one, convenient sampling procedure was adopted. The sample size adopted for this study was 250. The study revealed that across gender, more graduates were employed in their fields of expertise when compared to those employed in fields they did not specialize in. Gender-wise, there were more female graduates employed in areas of expertise when compared to male graduates.