Understanding Graduate Employability: A Case of a Selected Higher Education Institution in Botswana (Published)
The issue of graduate employment has generated a lot of debate and has become a phenomenal theme of discourse across professional gatherings, political rallies, media, commentary reviews, national economic debates and social networks. In the context of Botswana, studies also show that the country is currently suffering from the twin challenges of shrinking economy and unemployment with the current national unemployment being pegged at 18% and rising while youth unemployment alone is at 34%. It is against this background that this study has been carried out to examine the employment status of graduates at a selected higher education institution in Botswana. A quantitative approach that employed a structured questionnaire was used in the study to collect data from a sample of 250 graduates who graduated between 2007 and 2014. Convenience sampling strategy was used to select the sample of respondents. Data collected was analysed using SPSS version 21. Results of the study showed that 65.3% of the students who graduated between 2007 and 2014 at the selected higher education institution are employed. The study further showed that graduates felt that some of the reasons for delayed employment had nothing to do with skills mismatch, experience or competition in the market but as a result of other issues. It was also shown in the study that the main method of seeking for employment was through the use of curriculum vitae (CVs)
Graduate Employment Satisfaction in Higher Education in Botswana: A Career Concept Perspective (Published)
This study sought to establish the extent to which graduates of higher education (HE) institutions in Botswana, focusing on a selected higher education institution, were satisfied with their employment, that is, their job designations, job specialisation, and whether they intended to remain in their existing jobs for long. These variables were assessed from a career concept perspective. Relevant literary sources, focusing on aspects of the career concept and career motives, leading to career success hence career satisfaction, were consulted to form the theoretical foundation for the study. The study adopted the quantitative methodology and case study design where the selected HE institution was chosen as a case study for in-depth investigation. The questionnaire was used as the data collection instrument. Data gathered from the questionnaire was analysed using statistical software known as Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The results of the study revealed that the graduates of the selected HE institution were generally unhappy with their employment then and most were contemplating leaving their organisations although they were satisfied with their specialisations.
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of academic factors on graduate employability in Nigeria, a case study of Calabar, Cross River State. To achieve this objective, two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. An accidental sampling technique was used in the selection of the samples. A total of 150 respondents were used for the study. The major instrument for data collection was a four-point Likert scale questionnaire titled Academic Factors and Graduate Employability Questionnaire (AFGEQ). It was designed by the researcher with the aid of five research experts to establish its validity and reliability. The split-half method of reliability was used to test the reliability. Pearson product moment correlation coefficient and Spearman Brown Prophesy Formula coefficient derived after correlating the outcomes were 0.789 and .882 respectively. Data collected was subjected to statistical test at 0.05 level of significance. The hypotheses were analysed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The result of the analyses showed that academic discipline significantly influences graduate employability while academic achievement does not significantly influence graduate employability. Based on these findings, it was recommended among others, that the curriculum should reformed and made universal to provide students of higher institutions with the requirements of contemporary labour market. It was also recommended that there should be a de-emphasis on certificate education in place of skill-oriented training.