Tag Archives: Government

Formulating Competitive Strategies For Government Power Plants in Jakarta (Published)

In the context of accelerating electrification ratios, the power plant construction program with a total capacity of 35,000 MW is proclaimed by the Government of Indonesia. The portion of the program is shared to PT PLN, the state owned enterprises, and IPP as a private power plant, with the largest portion being given to the IPP. Amidst the declining market share conditions and the obligation of PT XYZ as a subsidiary of PT PLN to participate in the success of this program, the right competitive strategy formulation is needed to remain competitive. Data collection through questionnaires and in-depth interviews with experts was then carried out. Based on the strategic analysis tools used (PEST, external internal matrix, SWOT matrix, and QSPM), it was obtained that the current position of PT XYZ is grow and build. The priority strategy selected was to increase reliability in the plant operation. Ten main work programs were then developed to support the strategy implementation.

Keywords: Electricity, Government, Power Plant, QSPM, Strategic Analysis

Restructuring, Social Order and Development in Nigeria (Published)

Nigeria from colonial period through post colonial period has settled for federal system of government which allows for division of powers and jurisdictions among the levels of government that made up the federation. Overtime, there have been observable imperfections in the Nigerian federalism which have triggered protests, agitations and patriotic calls for restructuring of the system. On the basis of the foregoing, we commended as follows: that there should be devolution of more powers to the federating units in Nigeria; that fiscal federalism should be practiced to give room for resource control by the federating units and that the principles of federal character as enshrined in our national constitution should be observed in appointment and location of critical infrastructure across all sections of the country. This paper is a departure from this trend, orthodoxy is challenged by showing the nexus and interface between restructuring, social order, and development in Nigeria. Development is said to be a predictor that determines whether a country is progressing or not. A critical assessment of Nigeria’s development despite her abundance in human, natural and material resources reveals that the country is yet to achieve the desired expectations as clamored by her citizens. The objective of this study was to identify the challenges to development in Nigeria. In other to obtain data for the research, the work adopted qualitative research method through textual analysis. The findings of this study revealed that despite the country’s attempt to advance development, several challenges has posed a great threat to her progress. These setbacks range from imposition of politices on the citizens, lack of adequate human resources or capital to implement development plans/policies, corruption and lack of credible leadership among others. It recommended that accountability and transparency should be the country’s guiding philosophy in all her operations. Also once the identified limitations are tackled then development will be realized in the country.

Keywords: Development, Federalism, Government, Restructuring, Revolution, Social order

The Ngo-Government Relationship: A Case Study of the Aga Khan Rural Support Program (AKRSP) and the Government of Gilgit-Baltistan in Deepening Good Governance (Published)

The study focuses on understanding the relationship between the Aga Khan Rural Support Program (AKRSP), a Non-Government Organization (NGO) in rural development sector and the government of Gilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan. The relationship has advanced over the years by maintaining mutual respect without confronting each other by the two institutions. This progress in the relationship has brought a shift AKRSP’s programs, in form of policy advocacy and partnering government in development in the region. Interviews of representatives and members of Community Based Organisations (CBOs), AKRSP officials, and government officials are analysed along with documentary review through data triangulation. This study has made an attempt to understand the relationship between the two entities with a focus on the transformation that AKRSP has experienced from a service delivery organization to a policy advocate and a facilitator in developing linkages between communities and the government with the aim to improve the governance in the region.

Keywords: AKRSP, CBOs, Gilgit-Baltistan, Governance, Government, NGOs

Poverty Alleviation Programmes in India (Published)

India is a fast developing country with the aim of becoming superpower, at the same time, our country has large number of people living below poverty line. Poverty is a situation that people are unable to fulfill their basic needs of life like food, clothing, employment, housing, education and other basic human needs, which is measured by committee of experts through data provided by National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) . Poverty alleviation programmes in India are for development of people in both Urban and Rural areas. Since percentage of poverty is high in rural areas, many programmes were launched by Government for betterment of rural people. Poverty alleviation programmes are grouped under different heads like self employment, food security, social security and wage employment. Planning commission also concentrated on poverty alleviation and given importance to development of agriculture in first five year plan, second and third five year plans focused on development of industries for economic development.Poverty alleviation programme plays a vital role in our country. Government launched many alleviation programmes like Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarentee Act, Aajevka, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana etc.., Government may launch more such schemes for eradication of poverty in our country. Many Government schemes are still not reaching end users, even many people are unaware of Government schemes. Government may take initiatives to make all people aware of all schemes. True spirit of all the schemes are in eradication of poverty and development of our country.

Keywords: Government, Poverty, Poverty alleviation programmes

A Comparative Study of the Role of Men and Women in Cooperative Development in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria (Published)

The actualization of Cooperatives development is one of the most common traits of the emerging economies. Government at all levels in different occasions has adopted one developmental strategy or the other, all aimed to successfully install cooperative development. This study had the objective of assessing the role of men and women in cooperative development in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State in Nigeria. The study employed primary sources of data. The primary data were collected through questionnaires using descriptive statistics. The results of the study indicated that the male cooperators contribute more to cooperative development than their female counterparts. The study concludes that cooperative societies in Udi should be properly and effectively managed. It was also recommended that cooperative societies should endeavour to improve their management skills, balance gender inequality and enhance the personal welfare of members so as to facilitate cooperative development in Udi Local Government Area.

Keywords: Cooperatives, Descriptive, Development, Gender Inequality, Government, Skills

Indiscipline in Public Secondary Schools in Yenagoa Local Government Area in Bayelsa State. (Published)

Indiscipline is a problem in our secondary schools. The incessant occurrence of chaotic situations and sometimes criminal behaviour of the students are causes for concern for parents, teachers and government.  The purpose of this study is to examine the causes of indiscipline amongst secondary schools students in Yenagoa Local Government Area.  Three research questions were used to direct the study.  While the selection of the study samples was from the population.  A structured and validated rating scale designed in two sections was the main instrument for the collection of data.  The collected data were analyzed and presented in tabular form using various indiscipline acts exhibited by students.  The analysis indicated that indiscipline is caused by the home environment, the school environment, and the society at large to a large extent. The parental absence and poor moral upbringing of the child have resulted in the numerous acts of indiscipline.  It was therefore recommended that parents should not neglect their children, but sees them as more important than the jobs they do for a living.   The society should not over-emphasis on material gains more than morality and ethics.  Government should properly fund education.  In other to stem indiscipline, specific disciplinary actions should be meted out against indiscipline students, to discourage others from being unruly. 

Keywords: Government, Indiscipline, Parents, Students, Teachers

Status of Saccos Growth before and During JK Billion Fund In Tanzania Mainland (Published)

This study investigated the growth status of SACCOS before and during the implementation of the JK Billions in Tanzania mainland. Linear regression models using enter method predicted varying relationships. Before the fund came into effect i.e. 2005, the study results showed that saving was well predicted by women than did their counterpart men. However, as the fund got underway, neither women nor men were significant predictors of savings. In both models i.e. before and after the implementation of the fund, savings amount appeared to predict well the level of loans issued to members. This study concluded that men and women have different saving preferences as members of savings and credit cooperative societies. Moreover, loans are also determined by the levels of savings. The government must limit its efforts to technical development and facility development of member-based financial institutions instead of pumping credit.

Keywords: Fund, Government, JK BILLION, Regressions, SACCOS

Effects of Tax Evasion on Government Revenue Generation in Oyo State, Nigeria (Published)

This study was designed to identify the effects of tax evasion on government revenue generation in Oyo State. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of one hundred and sixty five (165) respondents who were randomly selected across the state while secondary data were gathered from National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Office of Budget and Economic Planning, and Internal Revenue Office using data from 2011- 2016. Data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics tools with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Science SPSS, window 23. The findings showed that, the amount of Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) between 2011 and 2016 did not meet the estimates revenue as it was expected. The results also revealed that, the tax evasion has adverse effect on government revenue generation in Oyo state which typically results in revenue loss. The implications of these results may cause inevitable distraction to the potential performance of government in the public sector; therefore, threatening its competence to finance public expenditure and undermining legitimacy of government due to non compliance to pay tax become significant to substantial budget deficit. We therefore, recommended that, the government should embark on massive public enlightenment campaign and adequate utilization of tax revenues on public goods to discourage tax evasion and reduction in tax rate

Keywords: Effects, Estimated Revenue, Government, Tax Evasion

Periscoping President Goodluck Jonathan’s Administration on Selected Issues in Nigerian Newspapers (Published)

This study used content analytical method to examine two selected Nigerian newspapers’ reports on Fuel Subsidy Removal and Reinvestment Programme {SURE-P}; Nigeria’s Governors Forum (NGF) Crisis, Governor Rotimi Amaechi –President Goodluck feud and Obasanjo-President Goodluck feud from January 1, 2013- March 31, 2013 giving a total of 78 issues. The selected newspapers are The Guardian and Vanguard. The findings revealed that three out of the four issues were well reported in the Nigerian press. Fuel subsidy removal and reinvestment was ranked first in terms of favourable coverage, while Nigerian Governors Forum crisis ranked first in terms of unfavourable coverage. Obasanjo-Goodluck feud came second in terms of unfavourable coverage. Majority of the issues were reported as news stories, accounting for 21 (34.6 %) and were placed on the front page which shows that Nigerian press attached importance to national issues. It was recommended that a further study should be carried out using another research method

Keywords: Government, President Goodluck Jonathan, Press, SURE-P

Interventions by Government and Non-Governmental Organizations towards Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and the Attitude Portrayed By the Pokot Community on Repressing FGM (Published)

In the efforts to terminate Female Genital Mutilation globally, in the recent years some religious authorities have openly opposed the continued practice of Female Genital Mutilation, at least the most radical operations. The paper aims at identifying some of the interventions by the government and non- governmental organizations undertaken to reduce the practice of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Kenya. It also seeks to examine the attitude of the West Pokot Community towards the measures taken by these organizations in stopping FGM. Focus was made in Sook Division of West Pokot County which was selected randomly out of the four locations in the District. A descriptive cross-sectional, qualitative research design was used due to the nature of the study as it inquired about people’s attitudes and feelings on FGM practice and interventions against it. The study considered 63 participants for interviews, all above 18 years; 9 key informants and 54 members of 7 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with between 6-10 participants. Interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data. The study revealed divided opinions about Female Genital Mutilation among the Pokot. Most of the community members seem to be in favour of the practice, while others are against it. Government and the World Vision Organization are intervening against the practice in the region and most participants seem to have negative perception on the anti FGM measures laid down by the Government and the Non-Governmental Organization (NGOs). To help the community understand and change these cultural practices, there is need to involve other stake holders concerned with the FGM, these include the girls, parents, old women, men, traditional circumcisers with whom the government and Non- governmental organizations should work with.

Keywords: Community, Female Genital Mutilation, Government, Non-governmental Organization, attitude

Interventions by Government and Non-Governmental Organizations towards Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and the Attitude Portrayed By the Pokot Community on Repressing FGM (Published)

In the efforts to terminate Female Genital Mutilation globally, in the recent years some religious authorities have openly opposed the continued practice of Female Genital Mutilation, at least the most radical operations. The paper aims at identifying some of the interventions by the government and non- governmental organizations undertaken to reduce the practice of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Kenya. It also seeks to examine the attitude of the West Pokot Community towards the measures taken by these organizations in stopping FGM. Focus was made in Sook Division of West Pokot County which was selected randomly out of the four locations in the District. A descriptive cross-sectional, qualitative research design was used due to the nature of the study as it inquired about people’s attitudes and feelings on FGM practice and interventions against it. The study considered 63 participants for interviews, all above 18 years; 9 key informants and 54 members of 7 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with between 6-10 participants. Interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data. The study revealed divided opinions about Female Genital Mutilation among the Pokot. Most of the community members seem to be in favour of the practice, while others are against it. Government and the World Vision Organization are intervening against the practice in the region and most participants seem to have negative perception on the anti FGM measures laid down by the Government and the Non-Governmental Organization (NGOs). To help the community understand and change these cultural practices, there is need to involve other stake holders concerned with the FGM, these include the girls, parents, old women, men, traditional circumcisers with whom the government and Non- governmental organizations should work with.

Keywords: Community, Female Genital Mutilation, Government, Non-governmental Organization, attitude

The Existence of Hukum Tua in Villages Government ( Study About Hukum Tua On Responsibility of Government Concept in the District of Minahasa North Sulawesi Province Year Period Of 1945-2014 ) (Published)

Issues raised in this dissertation research is about tidal of existence Hukum Tua in governance villages in Minahasa, North Sulawesi Province, in various of State over the village setting. This research focus on secondary data from the literature that is supported by primary data obtained from a field research. Specifications of this research is qualitative analysis.Based on statement of problems presented, can be seen that the existence of Hukum Tua in governance villages in Minahasa, North Sulawesi Provinces has been good; responsibility as accountability (accountability) are performed in calculation (account) on the resources or authority to use, accountability as a liability (obligation) for the fulfillment, keeply, and fulfillment of achievement through agreements with the confidence (trust) communities, and accountability as causation (cause) of the aspirations of the people under the demands that have been accommodated in the task to accelerate the realization achievement of the goals and objectives desired. Hukum Tua liability in governance in various arrangements of State over the governance villages which has been from 1945 to 2014 is divided into four periods (1945 to 1979 period, 1979-1999 period, 1999-2004 period and 2004-2014 period) each with different characteristics on the procedural aspect of formal side. The conclusions research indicate that there a negative influence between existence Hukum Tua and enactmen variuos legislation on Local Government and Village Government

Keywords: Authority, Government, Hukum Tua, Village, responsibility

A Consideration of the Possibility of DoS and DDoS Attacks That Could Guarantee Downtime and Unavailability of Services to Customers for Businesses and Government Institutions in Ghana. (Published)

This paper discusses the possible security attacks that most services provided by businesses and government organizations are vulnerable to. Specifically exhausting discussion on Denial of Service and Distributed Denial of Service attacks and the measures to address this issue.

Keywords: Business, Customer, DDoS, DoS, Ghana, Government, services

Research on the Interactive Relation between Social Organizations and Government in the Ecological Governance in Western China (Published)

Compared to the originally single government-leading social governance ,the government is exploring the establishment of a new type of social governance mechanism, actively promotes social organizations to participate in governance, and strives to achieve the “small government, big society” reform objectives. In recent years, some social organizations have made great achievements in the ecological governance, which makes the research on the interactive relation between social organizations and government in the ecological governance become the hot spot of academic research. This paper mainly analyzes the interactive relation between social organizations and government in the case of ecological governance in the western China, and finds out the dilemma of the interaction, finally proposes the strategy how can the social organization and the government shape benign interaction in the ecological governance.

Keywords: Ecological Governance, Government, Interactive Relation, Social Organization

The Existence Of Hukum Tua In Villages Government (Study About Hukum Tua On Responsibility Of Government Concept In The District Of Minahasa North Sulawesi Province Year Period Of 1945-2014) (Published)

Issues raised in this dissertation research is about tidal of existence Hukum Tua in governance villages in Minahasa, North Sulawesi Province, in various of State over the village setting. This research focus on secondary data from the literature that is supported by primary data obtained from a field research. Specifications of this research is qualitative analysis. Based on statement of problems presented, can be seen that the existence of Hukum Tua in governance villages in Minahasa, North Sulawesi Provinces has been good; responsibility as accountability (accountability) are performed in calculation (account) on the resources or authority to use, accountability as a liability (obligation) for the fulfillment, keeply, and fulfillment of achievement through agreements with the confidence (trust) communities, and accountability as causation (cause) of the aspirations of the people under the demands that have been accommodated in the task to accelerate the realization achievement of the goals and objectives desired. Hukum Tua liability in governance in various arrangements of State over the governance villages which has been from 1945 to 2014 is divided into four periods (1945 to 1979 period, 1979-1999 period, 1999-2004 period and 2004-2014 period) each with different characteristics on the procedural aspect of formal side. The conclusions research indicate that there a negative influence between existence Hukum Tua and enactmen variuos legislation on Local Government and Village Government

Keywords: Authority, Government, Hukum Tua, Village, responsibility

Production and Consumption of Non-Standardised Alcohol in Kenya: With Whom Does the Buck Stop (Published)

Realising that harmful alcohol drinking among Kenyans has reached alarming proportions, on July 1, 2015 the Government of Kenya through a presidential directive moved to destroy illicit liquor countrywide. By means of a critical-analytical approach, this paper argues that such a kneejerk political move cannot be effectual in solving the alcohol problem in the country. As pointed out by many commentators on the subject, insensitive drinking is a function of many factors, not just the availability of low-priced non-standard liquor. A broad-based approach to tackling the problem of production and consumption of such alcohol and irresponsible drinking in general ought to address social and economic issues such as poverty which results in production and consumption of cheap low-quality liquor and corruption in agencies charged with the responsibility of regulating and policing alcohol production and consumption. The paper primarily focuses on the role of the relevant government agencies as well as that of the primary socialisers, namely the family and the school in promoting sensitive alcohol production, drinking patterns and responsible citizenry, pointing out the need for a paradigm shift in the way the agencies address the problem.

Keywords: Government, School, family, insensitive drinking, non-standardised alcohol

Evolution of Constitutional Government in Nigeria- Its Implementation National Cohesion (Published)

This paper attempts tore-examine the evolution of constitutional governments in Nigeria from 1922 to 1999 and identify their impact on National coherence. It examined the patterns and degree of the people’s involvement in these processes of constitution making and development. With emphasis on how coherent these constitution have unified the country. It adapted the historical and content analysis methods for eliciting and analyzing its data. Three research questions were drawn for the study. Among other things, the paper reveals that although, we must remind ourselves that Nigerian federalism was established to secure the country’s unity and progress in the face of strong centrifugal forces. Hence, we can say that the various constitutions have tried to ensure coherence in the country. But most importantly in ensuring sustainable conference, the constitution for the people’ republic must entrench liberty and equity of all within a federal democratic structure in which power responsibility and resources are decentralized.

Keywords: Constitution, Federalism, Government, National Cohesion, Nigeria, evolution

Implementation Policies Enhancing Human Development Index In the District Pandeglang Province Banten in Indonesian (Published)

The phenomenon that made the object of research is the implementation of policies for enhancing the Human Development Index (HDI) in Pandeglang Banten Province. The research objective was to discuss the implementation of policies for enhancing the Human Development Index conducted by the Social Security program Banten People Unite (Jamsosratu). The study used a qualitative approach. Determination of the research informants thirty four people using purposive sampling technique. Secondary data collection using literature study and study documents. Primary data collection using interviews and observation techniques. The data analysis using descriptive analysis method developed by triangulation analysis. Results of the study are the following: Policy Implementation Improved Human Development Index (HDI) in Pandeglang Banten province, organization, interpretation, application. Activity phase consists of structuring the organization of administrative resources Jamsosratu; forming units Jansosratu in implementing the policy of the provincial, district, township and village; preparation of implementation guidelines and the provision of technical guidance Jamsosratu. Activity interpretation phase consists of determining the location of granting Jamsosratu activity, the activity of the target collection of Poor Households (RTM) Jamsosratu receiver, and activities targeting RTM Jamsosratu receiver. Activities stages of implementation include mentoring activities receiver Jamsosratu RTM, RTM receiver Jamsosratu empowerment activities, and service activities RTM which includes health services, educational services and social services in the insurance field. Organizing activities, interpretation, and application of the policy of increasing HDI conditionally and functional policy is influenced by the content and context of policy implementation. Fill the policy of increasing HDI parameters include: (1) The interests that influence Jamsosratu, (2) Type of benefits recipients Jamsosratu, (3) The degree of change to be achieved through the provision of Jamsosratu, (4) Location of decision-making in the realization Jamsosratu, (5) Performance Jamsosratu program implementers, and (6) The resources used to carry out development activities as well as the provision of services to recipients Jamsosratru. The context of the implementation of the policy of increasing HDI parameters include: (1) The powers, interests, and strategies bureaucratic officials involved in the implementation of policies to improve the functioning Jamsosratu and social empowerment of poor households; (2) Characteristics of the institutions and the regime in the process of policy implementation Jamsosratu, and (3) The level of compliance and responsiveness of implementing the policy.

Keywords: Government, Human Development Index, Policy Implementation

ASSESSING THE ROLE OF QUALITY SERVICE DELIVERY IN CLIENT CHOICE FOR HEALTHCARE: A CASE STUDY OF BECHEM GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL AND GREEN HILL HOSPITAL (Published)

Healthcare is one of the Ghana’s biggest sectors, in terms of revenue and Employment. With Ghanaians fast growing purchasing power, patients are willing to avail themselves with good quality healthcare deliveries. As a result, it is essential for health facilities to evaluate the quality of service being delivered.. Service Industries are now focusing on service quality so as to drive high levels of patients satisfaction (Kumar et al., 2008).This study sought to investigate the reason for client choice for a healthcare in Bechem Government Hospital and Green Hill Hospital. The research used quantitative research methods to collect and analyze data. The statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for quantitative data collection.From the respondents view point, the private hospital was rated better in terms of the reliability, responsiveness, empathy and tangibility as compared to Bechem Government Hospital. These means that management of Bechem Government Hospital need to improve more on these factors.Again, on the factors that affect quality healthcare delivery the private hospital was ranked higher than the public hospital (Bechem Government Hospital). The author therefore recommends the use of SERVQUAL model for the government Hospital used in this research. The SERVQUAL model will help the hospital to improve upon the gap identified in performing its service and consequently satisfy the patients.

Keywords: Bechem, Empathy, Government, Healthcare, Hospital, Reliability, Tangibles

ESTIMATING REAL INTEREST RATES USING THE YIELD CURVE: EVIDENCE FROM GHANA (Published)

This empirical study is to find out whether the yield curve for government debt securities with maturities of one year or less contains significant information about future changes in real interest rates. At the various spreads isolated, there is overwhelming evidence that the yield curve wields significant explanatory power in future real interest rate-changes. These results from Ghana show that the yield curve could serve as a powerful forecasting tool in monetary policymaking as well as asset pricing by central bankers and portfolio managers

Keywords: Ghana, Government, Real Interest Rate, Yield Curve