Global Environmental Governance Reform: The Emerging Debate on the Need for a World Environment Organization (Published)
Environmental problems such as climate change, oceans pollution, fisheries depletion, and loss of biological diversity have come to demonstrate most openly our current global interconnectedness. Governments continue to set up international mechanisms for tackling global-scale environmental problems which has led to a complex international bureaucracy, significant burdens on national administrative capability in both the developed and the developing world, and, most importantly, inability on the part of existing international or national bodies to successfully deal with the problems at hand. In this context, the question of the most suitable governance architecture for the scale and scope of contemporary global environmental problems has become an important focus of both policy and academic debates. Scholars and politicians alike have argued that if we do not address governance failures, our stewardship of the environment will persist to be ineffective and inequitable, with little possibility of finding a pathway toward sustainability. Consequently, national governments, civil society groups, and experts on global environment policy have called for the reform of the global environmental governance structure. This paper reviews the most prominent policy options for environmental governance reform that have received attention in the literature and identifies key points of contention and convergence. To achieve its aim, the paper is divided as follows: introduction, core issues of debate on the need for a World Environment Organization, models of global environmental governance reform, argument against a World Environment Organization and the concluding remark.
GOVERNANCE REFORM AND PUBLIC PROCUREMENT LAW REGIME IN NIGERIAN FEDERATING STATES: A CASE STUDY OF OYO STATE (Published)
Public procurement law regime is a veritable governance reform mechanism that seeks to institutionalize transparency, accountability, probity and zero-corruption in public procurement system. The federating states and local governments across Nigeria are under pressure to embark on governance reform. One of the key components of governance reforms is institutionalization of public procurement law regime in line with the federal government by both the state and local tiers of government. Unfortunately, most states in Nigeria have strong apathy and are unwilling to subscribe due to chronic corrupt tendencies of political class who are averse to change on one hand and mostly due to knowledge gap on their expectations of public procurement law regimes. Using Oyo state as a case-study, the paper X-ray some of the basic features and expectations of public procurement law regime. It observes that procurement law regime seek to achieve the purpose of good governance through institutionalization of standard procurement practices. It conclude by allaying fears of federating states and local government across Nigeria insisting that procurement law regime enhances proper governance as well as safeguard officials from likely repercussions of operating without standard procurement regulatory framework