Tag Archives: goat

Economic Enhancement of Rural Community of Pusa Block through Goat Rearing (Published)

Livestock plays an important role in Indian economy. About 20.5 million people depend upon livestock for their livelihood. In India, livestock production is largely in the hands of women. In fact animal husbandry is becoming feminized. Being the 5th largest goat population state, Bihar contributes about 7.63% of India’s total goat population. The state is also a habitat of 42.6% people below poverty line and hence there is a tremendous scope of goat farming to meet up the large gap between demand and supply of meat. Around 574000 goats are slaughtered annually in recognized slaughterhouses contributing 31.17% of total meat production of the state (175 thousand tons of meat in 2003). Objectives of the study are. To establish „1 HAMLET 1 GOAT FARM‟ model to commercialize the goat rearing for improving income level, To study and develop a grazing land solution to the goats to reduce the feeding cost, To enhance the Income level of minority and landless community of Pusa Block through Goat rearing. Keeping in view the objectives of study, a report on Focused group discussion is written in descriptive form with thorough observations of the discussion. The data collected through personal interview and survey which were further tabulated and statistically analyzed by the percentage analysis and graphical representation and the results were interpreted for conclusion.

Keywords: Livestock, SHG, economic enhancement., goat

Performance of Goats Fed Bovine Rumen Content and Wheat Offal as Supplement to Groundnut Haulms (Published)

The experiment was conducted out to determine the performance of goats fed bovine rumen content-wheat offal as supplement to groundnut haulms. Four (4) goats with average weight of 16.63kg were used for the study. The animals were weighed and randomly assigned to four (4) dietary treatments in a 4*4 Latin square design (LSD) with 4 periods.  . The experimental diets were A= 100% rumen content (control), B=75% rumen content + 25%wheat offal, C= 50% rumen content + 50% wheat offal and D=25% rumen content + 75% wheat offal. Groundnut haulms were fed ad-libitum as the basal diet. Results showed variation (P<0.05) in the dry matter intake and Feacal output (g/day) among all the treatments. The digestibility of Crude Protein (CP) and Organic matter (OM) were not influenced (P>0.05) by supplementation with rumen content-wheat offal. There were significant (P<0.05) differences in Dry matter, Ether extract, Crude Fibre and dry matter digestibility between the treatments. Urinary nitrogen was higher for treatment B, there were no variations (P>0.05) between  and there was a significant (P<0.05) difference Nitrogen intake, feacal nitrogen and nitrogen retained among the treatment groups. In conclusion, for better performance in the live weight gain of goats, treatment D=25% rumen content and 75% wheat offal with groundnut haulms diet should be taken into cognisance.

Keywords: Goats, Performance, Rumen content mixture, goat

Performance of Goats Fed Bovine Rumen Content and Wheat Offal as Supplement to Groundnut Haulms (Published)

The experiment was conducted out to determine the performance of goats fed bovine rumen content-wheat offal as supplement to groundnut haulms. Four (4) goats with average weight of 16.63kg were used for the study. The animals were weighed and randomly assigned to four (4) dietary treatments in a 4*4 Latin square design (LSD) with 4 periods. . The experimental diets were A= 100% rumen content (control), B=75% rumen content + 25%wheat offal, C= 50% rumen content + 50% wheat offal and D=25% rumen content + 75% wheat offal. Groundnut haulms were fed ad-libitum as the basal diet. Results showed variation (P<0.05) in the dry matter intake and Feacal output (g/day) among all the treatments. The digestibility of Crude Protein (CP) and Organic matter (OM) were not influenced (P>0.05) by supplementation with rumen content-wheat offal. There were significant (P<0.05) differences in Dry matter, Ether extract, Crude Fibre and dry matter digestibility between the treatments. Urinary nitrogen was higher for treatment B, there were no variations (P>0.05) between and there was a significant (P<0.05) difference Nitrogen intake, feacal nitrogen and nitrogen retained among the treatment groups. In conclusion, for better performance in the live weight gain of goats, treatment D=25% rumen content and 75% wheat offal with groundnut haulms diet should be taken into cognisance.

Keywords: Goats, Performance, Rumen content mixture, goat

SHEEP AND GOAT PRODUCTION PRACTICES IN AGRO FORESTRY SYSTEMS OF GEDIO ZONE, SNNPR, ETHIOPA (Published)

The study was conducted to describe sheep and goat production practices in three Agro-ecological Woredas of Gedio zone southern, Ethiopia. A set of semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect information from 120 sheep and goat owners based on single-visit-interviews. 32.6% of them participate in crop production, 56.5% of them involved in both animal and crop production and 5% of them involved in crop production, animal production and off farm activity. Sheep flock in the study sites were significantly different; and 5.63 in wenago and 6.97 Walema sites and 3.4 kochera. Major feed resources were grazing (33.5%). The highest mortality rate occurred in suckling flock (16.24% lambs; 16.3 kids %), young flock (9.64 %lambs; 13.24% kids) and breeding females (ewes 12.06% and does 14.1%) in all study sites. Sheep and goat production in the studied areas was constrained by different problems; prioritized the major constraints as; availability and cost of feeds, limitation of land for the expansion of production and poor extension services. Integration of sheep and goat with other agricultural practices is the dominant systems in the area.

Keywords: Feeding, Marketing, Mortality, Sheep, fattening, goat, grazing