Tag Archives: Globalization

Business Environment: Globalization and Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Nigeria (Published)

Business environment has been a vital factor to consider in evaluating SMEs survival and growth in the highly competitive and globalized world. The objective of the paper was to assess literature on the effect of environment and globalization on small and medium scale enterprises in Nigeria. Based on the assessment of the literature reviewed, the paper concludes that the Nigerian SMEs has no capacity to compete with foreign manufacturers, due to a number of benefits they enjoy in their home countries that are absent in Nigeria. Foreign manufactured goods are of better quality and are produced at lower cost when compared with cost of production of goods by the Nigerian SMEs. In addition, the Nigerian business environment is not stable; infrastructure decay, policy fluctuation, high cost of doing business, endemic corruption in governance, high interest rate, high taste for imported goods, galloping inflation, insecurity and porous border and multiple tax system, are among problems of SMEs development in Nigeria. The paper recommends that to benefit from the inevitable globalization by the Nigerian SMEs, efforts should be made by the Nigerian government and SMEs to creating favourable business environment that is devoid of high cost of production; good policy to protect and encourage SMEs; favourable economic policies that will encourage local goods patronage; regulation of interest rate to single digit; adequate security, harmonization of tax system to avoid multiplicity, and so forth in Nigeria.

Keywords: Business Environment, Globalization, Medium, Scale Enterprises, Small

Investigating Local Consumption Cultures and the Global Commodity: Ethnography of Local Culture In The Face of the Gobal In Baneh (Published)

The present research attempts to investigate local consumption cultures and the Global Commodity: Ethnography of Local Culture in the face of The Global in Baneh. Theoretically, the present paper in the frame work of consumption culture theories argues that the face of The Global should be understood in association with identity, Global Neo liberal market and collective ideology. In this research fifteen subjects with approach of participated observation were officially interviewed. As the result it can be concluded that local consumption cultures have the most influence on the market ideology and advertisement mechanism therefore, the role of religion and national features is less effective. The Global which includes particular meanings has the ability to get the satisfaction of consumers in various subculture: thus, the commodity has been successful in corresponding with self-embedded meaning and consumer interest. Local culture commence to accept the logic of market rationalization and follow its rules and in different cases, it has the capability to produce and adjust its commodity with harmonized logic. Local- traditional and Global relationships are continuing to survive: Even tough, market-based rational and logical rules are dominant on relationship form which organize local contents. Marketization and commercialization of public and private sector as well as the local people is a growing process that has involved everyone which result in moral reactions and adopting striking identity strategies.

Keywords: Articulation, Consumer Culture, Globalization, Hybridization, Localism, Post-Industrial Capitalism, ethnography

A Review of the Literature on Transformational Leadership (Published)

: This literature review aims to understand transformational leadership as a theory and its application, especially in the field of education. This study reviews nine qualitative works on the use of transformational leadership theory in education and identifies three major themes: 1.) globalization and multiculturalism, 2.) behaviour and preparedness, and 3.) achievement. In reviewing these works, the authors focus on how transformational leadership influences the behaviour and practice of leaders in an effort to improve student achievement. The authors also examine limitations to the application of transformational leadership. Ultimately, the researchers determine that transformational leadership requires leaders to demonstrate specific skills focused on the equitable implementation of major reforms.

Keywords: Behavior, Globalization, Transformational Leadership, engagement

Impact of Globalization on Pakistani Norms (Published)

Globalization conveyed new difficulties to Pakistani society. This is especially valid in innovation and association. The electronic and print media are at the administration of those endeavoring to bulldoze nearby culture and qualities. Due to this changing society we are confronting issues in our homes with respect to our kids training, step by step increment, aggressive behavior at home and awful demeanor of females. These are genuine issues, for Pakistan, as well as for humankind on the loose. The drawback of globalization is in this manner a wellspring of genuine test for Pakistan.

Keywords: Electronic and print media, Globalization

Globalization and Adaptation of University Curriculum with LMSs in the Changing World (Published)

Methodological approaches and efforts towards attainment of excellence in higher education, as the most powerful instrument for social and economic advancement, are undergoing major changes technologically and otherwise. For the university to play a leading role in the ever-changing world of globalization, internationalization, and digitalization; the university curriculum must necessarily be adapted to suit the Revolutionary Information Age that we live in. Learning Management Systems (LMSs) are used all over Higher Education Institutions (HEI) in Europe, North America, South America, Asia, Oceania, and most countries in Africa for the purpose. The need to acquire, know, understand, and actually use LMS in the Third World countries as in the Developed World has arisen and is rapidly increasing aggressively in today’s ever-changing globalized digital knowledge economy. Unfortunately however, LMS is not yet in use in any of the universities in Nigeria as a function of lack of information about how LMSs are being used, where and how to acquire LMSs, and which LMSs are the most adopted elsewhere in the world. This research aimed at, and provided the requisite information for universities to easily acquire, develop and use LMSs for effective delivery of higher education to meet the internationalization and globalization needs of the Revolutionary Information Age

Keywords: Adaptation, Changing world, Excellence in higher education, Globalization, Internationalization, LMS, LMSs, Learning Management System, List of top LMSs, Revolutionary Information Age, University curriculum

Globalization effects on the social and culture norms of Pakistan (Published)

That globalization has made different social, religious and mental character emergencies including social government and pluralism, changes conventional social structure, consolation of secularization, decrease in social solidarity and making many-sided quality in social relations. Governments must acknowledge pets as monetary experts either alterable or enabling ones in building such creative establishment. Moreover to do accordingly, they have to appreciate, control and possibly facilitate with the decision making elites. Information advancement has energized and enlivened the globalization of business. The entire time it has raised new issues or old issues in new ways.

Keywords: Globalization, Political Instability, crises

The Impact of Globalization on Developing HR Leadership Skills (Published)

The aim of this paper is to explore the required e-skill qualities for global HR leaders in emerging markets. The paper will analyze the impact of globalization on e-leadership skills, and will serve as the foundations for curriculum development, courses, workshops, and business practices related to leadership and human development.Secondary resources and research findings will be the main sources of data collection and analysis that determines the most important qualities and skills of e-leadership.The paper explores the most recent academic research on globalization and its impact on organization competitiveness in global environment. Globalization has a significant effect on economic volatility, culture, technology, and brings the biggest opportunities and challenges facing HR leaders in a multicultural environment. Global companies need to develop competencies framework and awareness of the new technology and social media to increase their competitive advantage through human capital.

Keywords: E-Leadership, Globalization, HR Managers, HR e-skills

Rural-Urban Issues and Human Capacity Building in an Era of Globalization: The Third World Perspective (Published)

This study examined the nexus between rural-urban issues and Human Capacity Building. In today’s globalizing world, the issue of human capacity building is very imperative more than ever before. Any country desirous of being relevant in the contemporary world cannot afford to toy with the issue of human capacity building. The high level of competition in the world makes it very inevitable for countries particularly those of the third world to take the issue of Human capacity building seriously because they would lag behind in the scheme of things and would not have anything to offer both at the local and international arena. This situation has brought about a situation whereby countries have been in search of various ways of boosting the human capacity in their various countries. In this endeavour much emphasis is placed on rural –urban issues. It is against this backdrop that this study is embarked upon to interrogate the role of rural-urban issues in human capacity building. Rural-urban migration simply means the movement of people particularly those within the labour force from the rural areas to the urban areas in search of greener pastures. Most times these set of people move to the urban areas to discover there is little or nothing for them to do and in most cases rendered redundant. As they depart the rural areas, they get the rural areas depleted of human resource that could have exploited and tapped the natural resources that abound there. This scenario to a very large extent would negatively affect the country’s development. It is against this backdrop that this study is designed to look for ways of ensuring the building of the human capacity through policies that could bring about the reduction or halting of rural-urban migration. This study is qualitative in nature hence data for the study were sourced through secondary means. Conflict theory was used as a theoretical framework.

Keywords: Conflict, Development, Globalization, Human Capacity Building, Rural-Urban Migration, Third World countries

Correlates of Internet Use among Secondary School Students in Nigeria (Published)

Internet is a new technology in Nigeria that is desirable to be used among secondary school students. Students are in love with internet because any kind of information on any topic is available on the internet. With fast and vast information exchange occasioned by globalization, efforts are being made towards providing caution on students’ use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) and internet in particular. This study aims at analyzing the use of internet among secondary school students in Nigeria. The paper discusses the following correlates – internet as a concept, characteristics of secondary school students, problems of adolescents, positive and negative effects of internet use among students and the strategies to reduce the negative effects of internet use.

Keywords: Education, Globalization, Internet, Nigeria, Students, Technology

The Effects of Globalization on Nigerian Youths and the Economy (Published)

The style of information dissemination throughout the world this time has made the word globalization a common process of bringing the whole world together. As it stands now the information of any event at any part of the world gets to Nigeria or any other part of the world in a very short time. Therefore globalization has come to improve the process of communication and advancement in technology. The fast movements of goods and services, economic liberalism, scientific inventions and discoveries have reduced the large world to a global village. Nigeria as a developing country cannot shy away from globalization, since the country has been exposed to both the negative and positive effects of globalization. The objective of this article is to identify the effects of globalization on the Nigerian youths and the economy. It recognized the good opportunities of globalization, and suggests ways of eliminating the negative effects of globalization. The author reviewed existing literatures on the concepts of globalization and development

Keywords: Economy, Globalization, Nigeria, Productivity, Technology, Youth

Assessing the Impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) On the Performance of Freight Distribution (Published)

The application and development of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have already had significant effects on many industries, especially in the field of freight distribution. This paper examines the impact of ICT on the performance of freight distribution in terms of supply chain, logistics and fleet management. A survey was conducted to 77 ICT users from 22 companies consisting of 6 manufacturers, 5 third part logistics, 4 freight forwarders, 5 warehouse operators, 8 wholesalers and retailers. A descriptive statistical analysis was used to analysis the data obtained. One of the major findings of the research is the impact level of ICT use by Freight industries in Lagos and Ogun State which falls into moderate impact on their performance as majority of them only use the low technology for information gathering. It was discovered that the major barrier to use of ICT is the acquisition cost. Government needs to promote a sharing of knowledge about the use and the role of ICT in logistics with logistics firms by facilitating a demonstration of technology solution and expand innovative public and private financing methods in generating finance and building skills for the development of ICT capacity

Keywords: 3PLs, 4PL, Freight, Globalization, ICT, Internet, Logistics, infomediary

Globalization and Nollywood: Carving a Niche on the Global Plane (Published)

Globalization has become an irrestible phenomenon. Virtually all aspects of human life, however remote are now affected by globalization. The Nigerian film industry has equally been affected. The effect of globalization on Nollywood can be noticed in various ways. One of these is the attempt by the industry to take its place on the global plane. The concern, however, is the kind of image Nollywood is attempting to create for Nigeria. This paper finds that, so far, Nollywood has not been able to establish the kind of identity by which the ordinary Nigerian can be identified. The paper therefore suggests some values, attitudes and cultural practices that Nollywood can emphasize as a means of establishing an identity for Nigeria as a nation, in the quest of carving a niche for itself on the global plane.

Keywords: Culture, Film, Globalization, Nollywood

Assessing the Impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) On the Performance of Freight Distribution (Published)

The application and development of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have already had significant effects on many industries, especially in the field of freight distribution. This paper examines the impact of ICT on the performance of freight distribution in terms of supply chain, logistics and fleet management. A survey was conducted to 77 ICT users from 22 companies consisting of 6 manufacturers, 5 third part logistics, 4 freight forwarders, 5 warehouse operators, 8 wholesalers and retailers. A descriptive statistical analysis was used to analysis the data obtained. One of the major findings of the research is the impact level of ICT use by Freight industries in Lagos and Ogun State which falls into moderate impact on their performance as majority of them only use the low technology for information gathering. It was discovered that the major barrier to use of ICT is the acquisition cost. Government needs to promote a sharing of knowledge about the use and the role of ICT in logistics with logistics firms by facilitating a demonstration of technology solution and expand innovative public and private financing methods in generating finance and building skills for the development of ICT capacity

Keywords: 3PLs, 4PL, Freight, Globalization, ICT, Internet, Logistics, infomediary

The Impact of Global Economic Meltdown On African Economic Development: Lessons from American Experience (Published)

The quite recent global economic disaster that had dealt a devastated blow on economies across the globe deserves attention in the field of academic given the effect it has had on African economy. The need to do a critical appraisal on the phenomenon –global economic meltdown; identification of its causes and effect on global economy and Africa as a continent becomes imperative in view of the quest for sustainable Africa economy and the need to fight the scourge of poverty in Africa. This paper through a historical analysis and critical research method focuses predominantly on American experiences and panacea adopted to ameliorate the menace. The discovery made on this critical survey might form the benchmark in understanding the way out of the most recent and subsequent experiences of economic meltdown.

Keywords: Economic, Global, Globalization, crises, meltdown

THE IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION TO BUSINESS AND THE WORLD ECONOMY (Published)

In the beginning the world was one and a united community. The birds flew freely across the seas, rivers and oceans. Men dominated the world and reigned over it. Each individual specialized on a single product and exchanged his surpluses with the surpluses of others. Men multiplied in number and partitioned themselves into groups. Multicultural differences, ethnicity and languages separated the world. As time went on, nationalism sprang up. These virtues or vices created artificial boundaries that restricted free movement and trade among the people of the globe. The return to the original norm and borderless community is what we call globalization. Globalization as we can see attempts to restore most of the attributes lost in the process of multiple creation of artificial boundaries. The advancement of technology brought in Information Technology. Information Technology has to a great extent facilitated information flow and international relationship. International politics has become more flexible and stable. Economic Depression has been a recurrent affair over the centuries. One thing certain is that when the key countries of the globe like the United State is economically struck, other countries linked up economically will be adversely affected. This does not suggest that the principal cause for the spread is globalization. The Industrialized nations gain through expanded demand and marketing network. The developing Economies also gain through exchange of expertise, improved welfare packages and exchange of improved commodities. Sports and music assist in uniting the world. Globalization assists in the war against racial discrimination, injustice and religious fanaticism. Globalization has also been a corner stone in eliminating the effect of international disaster, rescue operations and humanitarian services. The G 7 Summit holding in Germany in exclusion of Russia is an attempt to resolve salient strategic issues revolving on world peace and conflicts. Russia acts as tranquilizer but they should be careful to contribute and conform to global peace. Certainly there are some miscellaneous defects resulting from the process of globalization but the over whelming benefits justify its continued application.

Keywords: Economy, Global-business, Global-market, Globalization

FINANCIAL CRISIS ADJUSTMENT AND STATE REFORM: THE CASE OF PORTUGAL (Published)

This article focuses on State reform as a consequence of the financial crisis of 2008, which persists to this day. Politicians identify State reform with austerity measures. Thus, the Welfare State will be substituted by a neo-liberal State. However, once the crisis has been surpassed, the State will tend to grow again. In reality, true reform implies a change of culture and behaviours, which is quite difficult in Southern European countries, of which Portugal is part of. These countries are deeply legalist, and in which, separation between politics and administration is not always linear.

Keywords: Globalization, New Public Management, State Reform, financial crisis

Discourse of Globalization as a Domain of Colonization (Published)

Globalization or discourses about it enjoy universal spread. This global visibility persists despite the belief that there are features of globalization that is destructive of social equilibrium. This seeming contradictory nature is explored with Nigeria as a setting. Nine typical textual exemplars were theoretically sampled from leading Nigerian media and displayed as data. Analytical facilities found in Semiotics and Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) are drawn on in the analysis of the sampled textual exemplars. Analysis found that instead of focusing on the woeful economic consequences which should portray globalization in a bad light, the media report globalization in styles that hide globalization’s dire economic consequences. It is recommended that the mass media should embrace the emerging media technologies because such technologies could help the media mobilize ordinary people to recognize and resist the harmful attributes of globalization.

Keywords: Colonization, Discourse, Globalization

Exploration of Russian Research Teaching in the Context of Globalization in China (Review Completed - Accepted)

From three aspects, the context of globalization, teaching focus and research talents cultivation ideas, this article explores Russian research teaching of colleges and universities in China.

Keywords: Globalization, Research Teaching, Russian Teaching

Globalization of University Education in Nigeria: Its Critical Challenges (Review Completed - Accepted)

The world as it is now can-correctly be referred to as the global village that McLuhan talked about many years ago. Globalization is a word that is gaining the fastest ascendancy in all parts and all aspects of the world today. Globalization of university education in Nigeria, good as it seems is faced with some critical challenges. This paper examines some of the critical challenges of globalization of University education in Nigeria and the way out

Keywords: Critical Challenges., Globalization, University Education

The Impact of Globalization and Cultural Imperialism on Socio-Cultural Development in Nigeria (Review Completed - Accepted)

The revolution in communications technology, which gave the west the power to achieve global supremacy, has converted the world into a global village. This was followed by the increasing diffusion (dominance) of western cultural values that tend to destroy the native cultures of developing nations. This article investigates the impact of globalization and cultural imperialism on socio-cultural development in Nigeria. Specifically, the review of related literature was carried out to ascertain whether there are positive and negative impacts in reference to the topic understudy. Globalization theory was incorporated to analyze the study. The data for this study were purposely collected through the secondary sources. The findings revealed that there is higher usage of western media among young people. Nigerians are copying western culture in negligence to their own culture. Western dominated media reduced Nigerian cultural values to zero level. Therefore, the study recommended that government should control massive influx of western movies, electronic games and pornographic materials to protect the Nigerian cultural values. Moreso, government and the local media should promote local artistic works that are congenial with Nigerian environment to eliminate the adverse negative effects associated with globalization and cultural imperialism

Keywords: And Diffusion, Cultural Imperialism, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Dominance, Globalization, Globalization Theory, Impact, Negative, Nigeria, Positive, Socio-Cultural Development