Evaluation of General Studies Computer Based Tests in Universities in South West Nigeria (Published)
There are perceived short – comings such as server and power failure, denials of right choice of types of examination, limited CBT centres, problem of state of the students’ computer literacy and accessibility, inadequate computers and internet facilities in some universities. The study evaluated the general studies computer based tests in Universities in South West Nigeria. The purpose was to ascertain the extent to which the objectives of General Studies programme had been implemented using computer – based test. The research design for this study was a descriptive research of the survey type. The population for the study comprises 60,000 100 level undergraduate students of 2016/2017 academic session and 330 lecturers in GST in both private and public universities. The sample for the study consisted of 1890 respondents made up of 1800 students and 90 lecturers selected through Multistage Sampling Procedure. Three self designed instruments which are used as General Studies Achievement Test (GSTAT), Questionnaire on General Studies Interest Scale (QGSTIS) and Questionnaire for Lecturers on General Studies (QGSTL) were used. Face, Content and Construct validity of the instruments were ensured and the reliability of the instruments was ensured using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis. The reliability coefficients of 0.65, 0.70 and 0.72 were found for GSTAT, QGSTIS and QLGST respectively. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics such as frequency counts and percentages. All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study concluded that the students’ attitude to Computer Based Test for General Studies examination was positive and the objectives of general studies using computer based test were achieved and effectively implemented. In view of the findings of this study, it was recommended that both the Public and Private universities should emphasize the use of CBT for General Studies examination since there was positive attitude of students on the use of CBT for GST. Multiple choice tests should be used for setting General Studies examination when Computer Based Tests have been adopted because multiple choice tests are very effective for measuring students’ performance.