Weaker Sex’ As Aggressor: Suicide Bombings and Strategic Logic of Gender Mainstreaming in Nigeria’s Boko Haram Terrorism (Published)
This essay is about the current wave of suicide bombings in Nigeria; a phenomenon hitherto alien to the country. The increasing rate of female suicide terrorists raises more curiosity among gender/security scholars and the womenfolk in general. Though a noble concept in its original context and application, gender mainstreaming has become a useful policy option for the terrorist organisation to pursue their objectives in Northern Nigeria. Thus, the popular idea of propagating women as a weaker sex seems to have evaporated with the reality of integrating a gender perspective into all stages of terrorist organisation’s deadly activities, particularly in an African country. Why has it become more advantageous for terrorist organizations to use women to support or execute terrorist activities? This essay examines the concept of gender mainstreaming within the context of terrorist operations, focusing on mode of recruitment and indoctrination and the Boko Haram’s strategic logic behind the use of female bombers. The implication of this trend on the Nigerian state and gender stereotyping is also analysed.
MAINSTREAMING THE FUNCTIONAL CONCERNS OF FEMALE LEADERSHIP IN BASIC SCHOOLS IN THE AKUAPEM SOUTH MUNICIPALITY OF GHANA: ASPECTS OF PERFORMANCE AND CHALLENGES IN A MALE DOMINATED CULTURE. (Published)
This research conducted in Ghana suggests that the world is witnessing an emerging trend in increased female leadership abilities in predominantly male dominated environments, which tends to inhibit the development. This article addresses issues that give rise to this phenomenon using data collected through survey and interviews in a sequential and explanatory mixed method approach, and administered in the Akuapem South Municipality of Ghana. The researchers used purposive sampling to select 50 female leaders, and they analysed the data quantitatively and qualitatively using percentages and themes respectively. The study started with the theory that, prejudices associate female leadership in basic schools in the Akuapem South Municipality with attendant stereotyping, name calling and finger pointing, and these present challenges that affect the performance of female heads. The study sought to indentify and mainstream the performance and challenges of females in educational leadership in the context of male oriented cultural environment. The results show that female heads have ability to work as leaders to achieve goals on equal terms as their male counterparts. There is evidence however that female heads have some peculiar challenges as in: male dominance, threats and harassments from men, discrimination and interference from domestic responsibilities. These are generally expressed in acceptance and support problems from family, subordinates and other school administrators.