Local Content Development in the Oil and Gas Industry in Nigeria: Problems and Prospects (Published)
In the past, the major players in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria were the international oil companies (IOCs). There was inadequate skilled workforce in the industry especially with respect to indigenous participation in the oil and gas projects. Consequently, the IOCs relied heavily on expatriates to carry out projects in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria which ordinarily would have been handled by Nigerians. In order to boost local participation in the oil and gas projects and create more employment opportunities for the locals, the federal government of Nigeria in 2010, enacted the Local Content Act in recognition of the inadequacy of the indigenous human capital development in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria. However, the Local Content development policy of the federal government is without some problems which have affected the effective and efficient implementation of the policy. This paper therefore, examines the local content development policy of the federal government, identifies its problems and prospects, and makes appropriate recommendations.
ANTI -STREPTOLYSIN O TITRE IN COMPARISM TO POSITIVE BLOOD CULTURE IN DETERMINING THE PREVALENCE OF GROUP A STREPTOCOCCUS INFECTION IN SELECTED PATIENTS IN ZARIA, NIGERIA (Published)
The diagnosis of RF through recovery of streptococci from positive throat cultures and the use of immunological assays such as Anti-Streptolysin O (ASO) would provide useful in the diagnosis of streptococcal infections. The study therefore is aimed at determining the ASO titre in comparism to positive blood culture in determining the prevalence of GAS in the study area. A total of hundred swab and blood samples were collected for Streptococcus pyogenes isolation and characterization using cultural and confirmed using the Streptococcus identification kit. Qualitative and semi quantitative ASO determination was done using the ASO latex agglutination kit. The overall prevalence for Streptococcus pyogenes was 16% as determined by blood culture. Of the 16 patients that tested positive to cultural tests, 11 (68.75%) tested positive for ASO while the remaining 5(31.25%) were negative. The level of ASO in patients that tested positive for the presence of ASO ranged from 400IU/ml to 3200IU/ml. C10 and C13 showed the highest concentration of 3200IU/ml respectively with a mean of 1018.19IU/ml. Positive culture methods remain the effective method for diagnosis of Streptococcal infection. However, ASO remains a cheaper and easier method for diagnosis and could provide baseline information for use in diagnosis in developing countries though it has not been deployed in many clinical settings.