Economic Integration and Nigeria Signature on the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (Published)
The paper looked at the expected gains for our country applying proper trade cost analysis between peer African nations and Nigeria. Using content analysis as our methodology on a data format by World Development Indicators and World Integrated Trade Solutions, the result showed that the tariff structure in Nigeria is on the very high side visa vice her contemporary trade rivals in Africa. Again, it is been observed that Nigeria was comparatively disadvantaged in the region on the ease of doing business ranking among her peers. Added to this problem is Nigeria’s moncultural export based economy which had little or no reasonable market share in the continent. Also compounding the problem is the fact that trade enhancing infrastructures, such as roads and maritime facilities are grossly inadequate given African standards. With these structural handicaps, Nigeria is not likely to maximize the envisioned benefits of an expanded market as enshrined in the AfCFTA agreement. So we recommend that the Federal Government of Nigeria should be cautious and decline from vigorous commitments on the AfCFTA deal. However, we advise that priority should be given to infrastructural development and other trade enhancing factors. Vigorous attempts should be made at diversifying the economy and improve the ease of doing business status of the country to enable her optimize the potential benefits of AfCFTA agreement in the near future.
The Free Trade Policy of the World Trade Organization: An Assessment of the Impact on the Industrial Development in Africa (Published)
This study focused on the impact of the free trade policy of the World Trade Organization (WTO) on the industrial development in Africa. It obtained its data from the secondary sources such as textbooks, journals, articles published and unpublished from libraries in Abuja and the internet. The data were analyzed using content analysis and the liberalist theory which revolves around three interrelated principles: rejection of power politics as the only possible outcome on international relations; accentuates mutual benefits and international cooperation and; implements international organizations and nongovernmental actors for shaping state preferences and policy choices was adopted as a framework for the purpose of analysis. The findings revealed that the Third World or developing countries have not benefitted from WTO agreement. It was realized that Foreign Direct Investment has not contributed significantly to the growth of the African Nations’ Economy. The paper, therefore, recommended as follows: African leaders should summon the political will and commitment to limit the negative impact of WTO’s free trade policies on their economies generally and the industrial sectors in particular. To do this, specific policy options including, but not limited to the followings, should be pursued with vigour: Adopt protectionist economic and industrial policies with emphasis on key sectors including the agricultural sectors; Promote and protect local industrial development that is capable of producing basic goods and services; Improve and strengthen their decision-making machinery and institutions; Limit import of major goods and services which they have relative comparative advantage and; Identify their specific interest and objective in respect of the subject of the WTO. This can be done through the process of a broad-based and in-depth examination of the issues and their implications. For the WTO itself, it should ensure that it carries all countries along by giving them equal treatment no matter their statuses etc.