Fraudulent Practices in Nigerian Banks: Implications on the Performance of Deposit Money Banks, 1994 -2015 (Published)
This study investigates fraudulent practices in Nigeria banks and the implications on the performances of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria. Secondary data were obtained from the annual reports of the Nigerian Deposit Insurance Cooperation (NDIC) covering 1994 to 2015 and analyzed using econometric techniques. Data obtained were tested for co-variance using Johansen Co-Integration and thereafter the four hypotheses postulated were tested using Ordinary Least Square Regression (OLS) and Vector Auto Regression Estimates. The study revealed significant negative relationships between fraud variables and bank performances represented by earnings before tax. The study therefore recommended that directors of Deposit Money Banks should invest in cyber controls and also conduct a thorough review of the existing internal control measures in the banks to ascertain the weaknesses of the existing controls and to strengthen them toward checking fraud. Further, the regulatory agencies such as the National Deposit Insurance Cooperation should rise above their present reactive posture of reporting fraud cases and proactively take up measures to monitor and safeguard depositors’ funds in the Deposit Money Banks. The study also suggested a strong synergy/collaboration between National Deposit Insurance Corporation and Central Bank of Nigeria for effective and proactive monitoring and regulation of the Deposit Money Banks to check fraudulent tendencies and by so doing forestall collapse of the banks. Furthermore, the study strongly recommended that all necessary prosecution measures as well as the evidence enactments should be amended and updated by the Federal Government to ensure that fraud investigation and prosecution are sped up for positive results and justice as deterrent to others.