Tag Archives: Framework

Developing Sustainability by Using Hydrological/Water Quality Model (Published)

A framework is built, wherein hydrological/water quality model is used to measure watershed sustainability. For this framework, watershed sustainability has been defined and quantified by defining social, environmental and biodiversity indicators. By providing weightage to these indicators, a “River Basin Sustainability Index” is built. The watershed sustainability is then calculated based on the concepts of reliability, resilience and vulnerability. The framework is then applied to a case study, where, based on watershed management principles, four land use scenarios are created in GIS. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) is used as a hydrology/water quality model. Based on the results the land uses are ranked for sustainability and policy implications have been discussed. This results show that land use (both type and location) impact watershed sustainability. The existing land use is weak in environmental sustainability. Also, riparian zones play a critical role in watershed sustainability, although beyond certain width their contribution is not significant.

Keywords: Development, Framework, Reliability, Resilience, Sustainability, Vulnerability, Watershed

Basel II Capital Adequacy Framework in the light of the Financial Crisis (Published)

These papers cover the discussion about the relevance of Basel II capital adequacy framework in the aftermath of the global financial crisis. This study covers in detail the affects of the Basel II on the financial institutions, the problems it carries and the suggestions that are needed to make improvements in it. The discussion covers in detail the impact of different factors on the global financial crisis, the reasons about their behavior and the most effect of the global financial crisis on the western banks as well.

Keywords: Basel II, Capital, Framework, financial crisis

A Representational Formalism for Tracking Criminals Using Resource Description Framework (Published)

To effectively represent mass of events oriented data, automated methods for extracting event records and then classifying events and patterns of events into higher level terminology and vocabulary are necessary. Rich representation model and automated methods of correlating event information expressed in such models are becoming a necessity. The Resource Description Framework for Forensics (RDF) framework was developed with the strategic objective “to develop a means by which a consolidated repository of event information can be constituted and then queried in order to provide an investigator with post hoc event correlation.

Keywords: Correlation, Digital Evidence, Framework

CHALLENGES AND BARRIERS ENCOUNTERED BY THE SMES OWNERS IN MUSCAT (Published)

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) plays a decisive role in any developing economy. In Oman about 60 percent of the SMEs are the source of employment. Although there is an increase in the SMEs but there is also innumerable challenges associated with the growth, this research paper explores the specific challenges encountered by the SME owners. In this study simple random sampling was adopted with the data sample size of 35 SME owners and the data was collected with the help of structured questionnaire. The data was further analyzed by using descriptive statistics and ANOVA and represented through tables. It was found that the majority of SMEs face challenges in the form of policy and administrative challenges followed by the marketing and financial issues. It is suggested that the SMEs directorate should form a committee to prepare the SME framework, the rules and regulations associated towards that to avoid cumbersome policies and complexities for those who would prefer registering the business legally.

Keywords: Challenges, Directorates, Framework, Small and Medium-Enterprises (SMEs)

CHALLENGES AND BARRIERS ENCOUNTERED BY THE SMEs OWNERS IN MUSCAT BLOSSOM CHRISTINA (Review Completed - Accepted)

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) plays a decisive role in any developing economy. In Oman about 60 percent of the SMEs are the source of employment. Although there is an increase in the SMEs but there is also innumerable challenges associated with the growth, this research paper explores the specific challenges encountered by the SME owners. In this study simple random sampling was adopted with the data sample size of 35 SME owners and the data was collected with the help of structured questionnaire. The data was further analyzed by using descriptive statistics and ANOVA and represented through tables. It was found that the majority of SMEs face challenges in the form of policy and administrative challenges followed by the marketing and financial issues. It is suggested that the SMEs directorate should form a committee to prepare the SME framework, the rules and regulations associated towards that to avoid cumbersome policies and complexities for those who would prefer registering the business legally.

Keywords: Challenges, Directorates, Framework, Small Anmedium-Enterprises (Smes)

REVIEW OF NOTION AND FRAMEWORK OF TASK-BASED LANGUAGE TEACHING (Published)

This paper is one in series of papers related to secondary school teacher cognition of Task-Based Language Teaching and of the new series of textbooks of English officially passed by in Vietnam in 2006. The purpose of this paper is to make a proposal on how task and TBLT model should be put/understood/viewed to fit the literature and the context of research project. In order to do this, the argumentation is set in three steps: firstly a review of notions of tasks and TBLT is made; secondly, the author proposes a proper understanding of task and TBLT framework to fit the research context; at last endeavor, the author explain reasons for the use of task notion and TBLT framework by making an overview of research setting relating to objectives, methods, background of research

Keywords: Framework, Notion of Task, TBLT, Task

REVIEW OF NOTION AND FRAMEWORK OF TASK-BASED LANGUAGE TEACHING (Review Completed - Accepted)

This paper is one in series of papers related to secondary school teacher cognition of Task-Based Language Teaching and of the new series of textbooks of English officially passed by in Vietnam in 2006. The purpose of this paper is to make a proposal on how task and TBLT model should be put/understood/viewed to fit the literature and the context of research project. In order to do this, the argumentation is set in three steps: firstly a review of notions of tasks and TBLT is made; secondly, the author proposes a proper understanding of task and TBLT framework to fit the research context; at last endeavor, the author explain reasons for the use of task notion and TBLT framework by making an overview of research setting relating to objectives, methods, background of research

Keywords: Framework, Notion of Task, TBLT, Task