Interpersonal Communication Forms Used To Convey Messages for Reducing Maternal and Child Mortality in West Pokot County, Kenya (Published)
The study investigated the use of interpersonal communication in promoting maternal and child survival in West Pokot County, Kenya. The level of success of this intervention approach has been much lower than in many Counties in Kenya. Based on the study, this paper examines the different forms of interpersonal communication used to convey messages aimed at reducing maternal and child mortality rate. The study adopted a mixed method research approach. A sample of four hundred (400) respondents was selected from the County. Cluster sampling and purposive sampling techniques were used to select respondents. Qualitative data were collected using four key informant interviews and focus group discussions. The qualitative data was analysed thematically and then presented narratively. On the other hand, quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics, then presented using a combination of narrative explanations, tables and graphs. The results from the research revealed that face-to-face interpersonal communication was the most popularly used form of interpersonal communication at 82%, while the use of mobile telephone was the least used with only 15%. The study recommends that the government should formulate a policy that incorporates software-based programs with mobile phone platforms to be used by Community Health Workers in prevention, management and monitoring of maternal and child health. This approach has proved successful in other developing countries to improve maternal and child survival.
Plagiarism Is A Crime: Towards Academic Integrity in Higher Educational Institutions in Ghana (Published)
Admittedly, students’ academic plagiarism comes in different forms. Surprisingly, little is known about the most common form of student’s plagiarism due to inadequate research. This study was aimed to fill this knowledge gap by empirically examined the most common forms of students’ academic plagiarism in the Wa municipality of Ghana. The choice of the study sitting was influenced by the increasing educational activities in the area. The population of the study comprised of all tertiary students in the municipality. The positivist (quantitative) research design was deployed. Convenience sampling technique was used to select 200 respondents. Data for the study were elicited from both primary and secondary sources. Questionnaires were the main interment used in gathering primary data. The constructs for the questionnaires were adopted from Sentleng and King (2012) which was modified to address the objectives of the study. The data were analyzed with the aid of Predictive Analytics Software (PASW). The results were presented using Means (M), Standard Deviations (SD), Relative Important Index (RII) and Chi-square Test. The study revealed the most frequent forms of students plagiarism as follows: Invented or altered data (M=4.16, SD= 0.9), Writing an assignment for your friend (M=4.10, SD=0.9),Copy a text without acknowledgement (M=4.05, SD=1.3), Submitted someone’s work without their permission (M=3.41, SD=1.4), Paraphrased without acknowledging the source (M=2.41, SD=1.7), Summarizing a text without acknowledgement (M=2.73, SD=1.4).Chi-square Test revealed that there is a significant difference between Gender and age of students (χ2 -value = 17.98, df =3, p-value<0.05). Moreover, there is significant difference between religion and age (χ2 -value = 6.55, df =3, p-value=0.05). It is concluded that the most common forms of plagiarism among the students were paraphrased without acknowledging the source (Patchworks), Copy a text without acknowledgement, Invented or altered data (Sham),imitating friends work (Pastiches) and. Training on academic writings need to be intensified.