Tag Archives: Fluency

Impact of teaching English through online virtual classes on developing students’ fluency (Published)

The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of teaching English online course through virtual class (blackboard) on developing students’ English language speaking fluency. To verify this hypothesis, the researcher conducted English speaking course of 7weeks for the first common year students during first semester. The researcher conducted qualitative and quantitative study to investigate learners’ levels and fluency in speaking. The participants in this study were (60) first common year students at jouf university. The researcher used the questionnaire and pre and posttests of speaking to investigate learners’ levels and the progress that happen in their levels after finishing the course. Besides, many speaking activates and quizzes were applied to help learners to practice speaking. The course duration was 7 weeks. The study took place in Saudi Arabia, in March- 2021. The result of the pre and posttests was significantly different in favor of the post test. The levels of students were developed dramatically. The study recommends, the need of effective speaking program for developing students’ English speaking fluency through different online learning programs or any other effective communicative learning methods.

Keywords: Fluency, blackboard, quiz, virtual classes

The Impact of Discussion Activities on Improving Students’ Fluency in Speaking Skill (Published)

This study intends to examine the impact of discussion activities on improving students’ fluency in speaking skill. Classroom observation was implemented as a research instrument to collect data. This study was conducted during the first semester of the academic year (2019–2020). The total sample of this study was 60 respondents, 20 English language teachers and 40 female students from the First Common Year (FCY) at Al- Jouf University. An analytical descriptive study was done. The findings of the study indicate that the different types of discussion activities were ignored especially that engage and encourage speaking skill performance. This study can be helpful for English language teachers and may contribute to the promotion and improvement of the English language teaching and learning by practising various discussion activities in the classroom to engage students, and raise their level of motivation, confidence and fluency, and thus improve their speaking skill

Keywords: Classroom Interaction, Fluency, Group Discussion, Speaking Skill, confidence

Effects of Experiential Learning Approach on Students’ performance in Mathematical Creativity Dimensions in Kericho East Sub County, Kenya (Published)

This study focused on the effect of experiential learning approach on students’ performance in the Mathematical Creativity Dimensions. The topic Statistics I was taught to Form Two since it is one of the topics that is poorly performed according to KNEC reports on KCSE. Solomon Four Non Equivalent Control Group Design under the quasi-experimental research was used. A random sample of four co-educational subcounty secondary schools was drawn from schools in Kericho East Sub-County, Kenya. Each school provided one Form Two class. This translated to a total of 168 students. In the experimental groups Experiential Learning Approach (ELA) was used while Conventional Teaching Methods (CTM) was used in the control groups. One experimental and one control group was pre tested. At the end of the treatment all the four groups were post tested using Mathematical Creativity Test (MCT). The results indicated that the students in the experimental groups performed significantly higher than those in the control groups. The experimental groups performed higher in the four dimensions (Fluency, Flexibility, Originality and Elaboration) than the control group. The findings showed that experiential learning approach is effective in developing mathematical creativity skills among learners. This information can be used by teachers and curriculum developers in planning for instruction and designing mathematics curriculum.

Keywords: Flexibility, Fluency, creativity dimensions, mathematical creativity, originality elaboration and experiential.

The effect of 7E’s use on developing the creative thinking skills for preparatory year students at Najran University (Published)

The study aimed to find out the effect of using the 7E’s course on developing the creative thinking skills for students of the preparatory year at the University of Najran in the second semester of the academic year 2019/2020, and the researcher has used the semi-experimental approach. The study sample formed from (80) students of the preparatory year including two classes (control and experimental), the control group included (40) students, and the experimental group included (40) students. The researcher has used the test of creative thinking skills, and the test was applied to an exploratory sample including (20) students from outside the study sample, and the consistency of the test was calculated by using the internal consistency method Alpha Cronbach equation and it was (0.85). The results of the study showed that there are statistically significant differences at the level of significance (≤ 0.05 α) between the mean scores of the experimental group that were studied using the 7E’s course in the pre and post application to test creative thinking skills and in favor of post-implementation. The results of the current study showed that learning mathematics using 7E improves each sub-skill of the creative thinking skills.

Keywords: Flexibility, Fluency, creative thinking skills., originality, seven-year learning

The Oral Error Correction (Published)

This study focuses on the oral error correction techniques applied by teachers when a student commits errors during oral activities whether speaking or reading. It also examined whether teachers’ ways of error correction affected students’ participation in oral activities. An observation was utilized for the data collection. Findings showed that students were affected positively or negatively by the teacher’s error corrections. They also draw the attention for importance of the scientific ways of correcting errors. This study concludes with the idea that English teacher should get involved in such self-observation studies in order to realize their current practices in the classroom. The data yielded a number of interesting findings which showed that there were differences and similarities between male and female teachers in the ways of correcting students’ oral errors. At the end of this thesis, recommendations and suggestions were given.

Keywords: Fluency, Mistake, Oral Errors, Techniques

Task Based Grammar Instruction for Social and Academic Interaction (Published)

Learning English for Academic and Specific Purposes helps the English as Second Language learners to be communicative in academic social contexts. Focus on form is an important part of learning English for academic purposes. The ability to use appropriate vocabulary and structure in a meaningful context is what an English for Specific Purpose learner dreams about for academic excellence. Such an ability would undoubtedly motivate learners to learn and produce English for social and academic purposes. This could happen only when the learner develops his repertoire of grammar which is no less an outcome of the teaching and learning process. The present paper deliberates on how a language class focused on form could unassumingly involve the ESP learners think creatively in a task based role play activity as a main activity to negotiate meaning with their peers using the language syntaxes and lexis appropriate to the context.

Keywords: Academic Excellence, Competence, English for Specific Purpose learner., Fluency, Proficiency

An Investigation of the Effects of Reciprocal and Non- Reciprocal Listening Tasks on Iranian EFL Learners’ Speaking Ability (Published)

Recent research into task-based language teaching and learning claims that manipulation of task characteristics and processing conditions can focus a learner’s attention on the competing goals of accuracy, complexity, and fluency. The objective of this study is to understand whether reciprocal and non-reciprocal listening tasks have different effects on Iranian EFL learners’ speaking ability in terms of fluency. For this purpose, forty students of intermediate level were chosen and then randomly were assigned into two groups of experimental and control groups. Data analysis showed that performing reciprocal listening tasks had different effects on students’ fluency, compared to those that didn’t receive these types of activities. Based on the results of this study, it is imperative that teachers consider the types of listening activities that can have influence over language learners’ speaking ability.

Keywords: Fluency, Non-Reciprocal listening Task (Non-Interactive), Reciprocal Listening Task (Interactive), input.

The Impact of Task Repetition on Fluency, Accuracy, and Complexity (Published)

A number of strategies, which can utilize various tasks to develop accuracy, fluency, and complexity in language have been proposed. With past studies indicating that repetition of tasks have a positive effect on these basic goals of speech while today’s studies contradict the same, it was interesting carrying out a study on this topic. The study was to examine the kind of influence that task repetition has on the students’ performance in terms of accuracy, fluency, and complexity. Two pairs of students were given a describing-picture task, which was repeated two times. Unexpectedly, the results were opposite to that indicated in the literature. The result revealed that repetition of tasks had no remarkable effect on the students’ performance. This was a clear deviation from the findings of the past studies, which had shown a clear relationship between task repetition and the three basic goals of speech. This study will highlight on the methodologies, analysis, results, and the subsequent conclusions that were reached during the study

Keywords: Accuracy, Complexity, Fluency, Task, repetition


This paper uses a predominantly quantitative approach to establish the relationship between error correction feedback mechanisms and students’ ESL writing Fluency (narrative and descriptive) amongst high school students in Botswana. A longitudinal, quasi-experimental design is used, with a control group that received no correction feedback while the experimental groups received direct, coded and uncoded feedback. The study is defined by a hypothesis that there is a relationship between feedback mechanism used and the development of fluency in students’ writing. Students were drawn from two Form 4 classes from one private co-educational secondary school. The Form 4 class was chosen because it was a pre-candidate class and the students were expected to sit for their BGCSE examination the following year in Form 5. There were 28 males and 40 females and their ages ranged between 16 years and 21 years. From the findings, no significant increases in fluency were found between the pretests and posttests. Correction success achieved by the three treatment groups when rewriting texts reflected the explicitness of the feedback, with the direct group highest, followed by the coded and uncoded groups.

Keywords: Coded feedback, Direct feedback, Fluency, Relationship, Students’ Writing, Teacher Error Correction Feedback Mechanisms, Un-coded feedback


In the majority of EFL curricula, students are required to give presentations in the target language. Although fluency might cause difficulty in presenting in English, other factors have shown to affect the students’ performances. This study investigates the effect of confidence on the students’ daily use of English generally, and during presentations more precisely. The study analyses questionnaires distributed to 156 students that aim at motivation, confidence and the amount of FL use. In addition, 36 students participated in group interviews to discuss the problems they face during presentations and the issues that they fear. After analyzing the findings and comments provided by interviews and questionnaires, the researchers found that the lack of confidence causes an enhancement in language mistakes. It was also found that the main reason behind the lack of confidence in presenting in English, among other reasons, was the lack of experience and practice. Hence, this paper recommends practice and constant encouragement by the teacher to improve EFL students’ presentations.

Keywords: Conversation, EFL, English language teaching, Fluency, confidence, practice