Tag Archives: Finite Element

The Effect of the Types of Supports in the Distribution of Loads Between the Girders of the Bridge (Published)

The paper includes three-dimensional nonlinear analysis for reinforced concrete bridge deck consisting of three main girders. The finite brick element is used to predict the response of the bridge under monotonically increasing static loads up to failure.The primary interest is given to the effects of boundary conditions at the supports, and their effects on the behavior of the bridge. Three types of supports were considered, these are simple support, elastomeric pads, and a simple springs. The study also includes the effect of boundary conditions on the failure load, the load distribution amongst the main girders, and variation of bearing reactions in both pre and post-cracking phases. The study presented that the method of representing the supports significantly affects the distribution of the loads among the main girders of the bridge.

Keywords: Bearings, Bridge, Finite Element, Load Distribution, Nonlinear Analysis, Reinforced Concrete.

Parametric Study of the Lateral Behavior of Cast in Drilled Whole Piles (Published)

A cast in drilled hole (CIDH) piles is to be used for a bridge foundation. The geotechnical data of the site indicate that the soil profile consist of 10m normally consolidated soft clay underlined by a thick layer of over consolidated stiff clay. Three different pile diameters of 1.6m, 1.8m and 2m are selected from the analysis to be used for a depth of 30m below ground level and an average height of 5m above ground level. To investigate behavior of these (CIDH) piles under lateral loads, an analytical parametric study is performed to evaluate the ultimate lateral load capacity of the piles (which is assumed to cause a pile head displacement of 10% of the pile diameter) and the distribution of shear force and bending moment along the depth of the piles. The soil is represented by two ways, linear and nonlinear material. For the linear case, a linear brick finite element is used to represent the soil with either a linearly variable modulus of elasticity from ground level to the bottom of the pile or a constant modulus of elasticity for the top 10 meters (the soft clay) while linearly varying for the next 20m. For the nonlinear case, the P-Y curves method is used to represent the soil by nonlinear springs at intervals of 1meter. In both cases (linear and nonlinear soil), the piles are assumed to behave linearly. Results obtained indicate that the ultimate lateral load capacity of the piles from the nonlinear case is in the range of 50% to 60% of the linear case

Keywords: Cast in Drilled Hole Piles, Finite Element, P-Y Curves

Risks Which Caused By Obesity on the Spine (Published)

The objective of this work is to study the effect of obesity on the intervertebral discs and provide system analysis of the spine between multiple configurations of people, and know the risks due to this eccentric load (Big Belly). The results show in all three previous loadings (obese people), the distributions of stress and strain are high in both D1 and D10 intervertebral discs .This shows that the distance between the point of load application and the spine axis has an important role in solicitation increasing and therefore its deformation: as main conclusion is that the concentration of the mass of stomach fat is a risk factor that leads to pain problems, deformation and herniated disc.

Keywords: Biomechanics, Disc Degeneration, Finite Element, Intervertebral Discs, Lumbar-Thoracic, Obese, Von Mises Stress-Strain