The Impacting of the 4.0 Industrial Revolution to Vietnam Commercial Banks: A Case of the Opportunity and Challenge for the Payment (Published)
In Vietnam, the 4.0 industrial revolution has had a strong impact and promises to create more opportunities and motivation for commercial banks to develop retail banking, especially in enhancing the application of innovative business solutions and breakthrough technology to improve management capabilities, automate business processes and develop cutting-edge retail banking services to deliver seamless customer experience for developing the payment. In addition to the great opportunities, the 4.0 industrial revolution also poses many challenges for commercial banks in enhancing their competitive advantage, upgrading their information technology infrastructure to ensure security and security. New distribution channels and service products for developing the payment. The objectives of this paper were not only to look into the relevant literature but also to find common ground regarding the payment development of commercial banks in Vietnam and reports the results of a survey of 300 persons working for the financial sector in Vietnam. In this paper, the researcher used explore factor analysis (EFA) for determining that are components of the payment of commercial banks in Vietnam. This paper conducted during the time from July 2017 to March, 2018. In addition, the research result showed that there were 300 persons working for the financial sector in Vietnam interviewed but 270 persons processed and answered 12 questions. The researcher had analyzed KMO test, the result of KMO analysis used for multiple regression analysis. Persons’ responses were measured through an adapted questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale. Hard copy and online questionnaire were distributed among persons working for the financial sector in Vietnam
The study critically assessed the extent to which financial sector liberalization has affected bank performance in Nigeria. Panel data model was employed for data spanning a period of thirty four years (i.e. 1971-2011). Earnings per share (EPS), Returns on capital employed (ROCE) and Returns on equity (ROE) were used as proxies for bank performance (i.e the dependent variables) while interest rate, real financial savings and exchange rates were used as the proxies for financial sector liberalization (i.e. the independent variables). A number of diagnostic tests were also conducted on the residuals to evaluate the models; these include the Breuch-Godfrey serial correlation Lagrange Multiplier (LM) test, the Ramsey REST test of specification error (i.e. to test for omitted variables, incorrect functional form, correlation between exogenous variables and error term) and the Cumulative Sum (CUSUM ) tests of parametric stability, the LM test of serial correlation showed that there was an absence of first order serial correlation in the residuals and cumulative sum tests also showed that observations are more stable during Pre-SAP period than the post-SAP era. The result obtained showed that though the effect of financial sector liberalization on bank performance in Nigeria for the period of study has been significant, especially as measured by the proxies of Earnings per Share and Return on Equity, it has not been significant enough to transform the nations’ economy to the desired level. Hence, the study suggests among other things that a precondition for the efficiency of a liberalized financial sector is a stable macroeconomic environment and it is essential to ensure that government fiscal policy is assigned to complement monetary policies not to work against monetary and fiscal policies and help restore domestic and international confidence in the Nigeria banking system.