Auto-Fiction between Imagination and Reality: Aesthetics of Writing of the Arab Female Writer in the Exile of Her Society- Nawal al-Sa’dawi’ As a Model (Published)
Auto-fiction in its modern concept is considered an art that is a product of the modern cultural development that has conquered the world since 19 B.C. This ‘culture’ carries all the components of innovation and constant growth in human life, including the means of material and technological product, the scientific and medical prosperity, and appearance of new sciences in the arena of application and experimentation, which had not been known before, with new concepts, which helped a lot in understanding the human soul in all its conditions. Among the advantages of this awareness is the popularity of people’s interests in what is known today in modern literature by the name of the art of auto-fiction. Thus, the writer’s life or any life of any person who likes to write his autobiography are no more surrounded by precautions, prohibitions or taboos. Previously, it was forbidden to approach certain issues or even thinking about them because they were considered taboos.It is possible to consider rebellion against norms, breaking social shackles, overcoming all the difficulties of reality and aspiration for emancipation as the most important motives that characterize the woman’s autobiography in the modern era. These motives characterize the modern woman’s discourse, which is actually achieved in her autobiography at all levels.
Citation: Hanan Bishara (2021) Auto-Fiction between Imagination and Reality: Aesthetics of Writing of the Arab Female Writer in The Exile of Her Society- Nawal Al-Sa’dawi’ As A Model, European Journal of English Language and Literature Studies, Vol.9, No.6, pp.37-55
Women Art Education in Pakistan Universities: Based Upon the Interviews of Faculty Members (Published)
Art education has brought in significant changes in the field of art in Pakistan. However, there has been limited research concerning the extent to which women reached their goals in the art industry after graduation. Fifteen female teachers from three universities in Pakistan were used as the sample. The semi-structured interview was conducted to collect data in which the qualitative analysis of the interview protocols resulted in a codebook. Results from the study show that the teaching profession is the most preferable profession which suits Pakistan’s social, traditional, and religious values. Over recent years, the rising of many institutions that also offer art education has triggered the need for the services of an art teacher.
Estate Surveying, Valuation, Education and Practice in Anambra State: Challenges Faced by Female Professional Practitioners (Published)
Professional practice especially in Estate Surveying and Valuation industry no doubt has its challenges and there is an increasing quest to survive by both the male and female practitioners in Nigeria. However, it appears the females are finding the practice of the profession more challenging than their male counterparts. This study however looked at the challenges faced by female Estate Surveyors and Valuers (ESV) in the public and private sectors of the industry in Anambra State. Primary data were collected and analysed using simple tables and percentages. Challenges identified include; difficulty in balancing work and family lives, the inability to attend to assignments outside the town at short notice and lack of marital support. The study recommended that efforts should be made to encourage more women, attract them into practice, also into educational sector, give more opportunities to them for research and more importantly discourage sexual harassment.
Senior High School Elective Mathematics Students’ Readiness to Pursue Advanced Mathematics at the University Level (Published)
This study primarily focused on senior high school students’ readiness to pursue advanced mathematics at the university level. Data for the study was obtained from 317 senior high school students from three public senior high schools in the Cape Coast Metropolis in the Central Region of Ghana. The 317 students were final year elective mathematics students made up of 196 females and 121 males. Data for the study was collected through the use of questionnaires. The study adopted the descriptive survey as the main design and data collected was analyzed using simple graphs, percentages, descriptive and inferential statistics. Analysis of data revealed that students were ready to pursue advanced mathematics at the university level. Findings also revealed that there was no statistically significant difference based on gender. Also, no statistically significant difference was observed between single-sex female school students and that of mixed school students as well as that of single-sex male school and co-educational school students. However, a statistically significant difference was realized between single-sex female and single-sex male school students. Findings indicated that majority of the students reported to have come from a very good socio-economic backgrounds, which seems to have influenced their readiness to pursue advanced mathematics. The findings affirmed students’ perceived positive readiness towards their interest in doing mathematics, competence in doing mathematics, school environment/culture, relevance of mathematics, and nature of mathematics. The implication of these findings is that senior high school students are well prepared and ever ready to pursue advanced mathematics. It also presupposes that much more students are willing to go into the sciences which would end up raising the productivity of the country.
Information needs, Seeking and Resources Provision for Early Detection of Ovarian Cancer among Female in Awka South, Anambra State (Published)
The paper addressed the issues of Information needs, Seeking and Resources Provision for Early Detection of Ovarian Cancer among Female in Awka South, Anambra State. The objective of this paper is to know the information needs of female, sources of seeking the information and problems faced by them in area of ovarian cancer. Descriptive survey research design was used for this study. Survey research design was used because it allowed the application of a questionnaire in the collection of data. The total population of the study was 496. It consisted of female from the selected Awka South LGA within Anambra State. Since the entire population was manageable, there was no need for sampling; therefore, an enumerative census of all the 496 females were used. The researcher used a questionnaire. Out of 496 copies of questionnaires distributed, 464 copies were correctly filled, and used for the analysis. Findings showed that female academics strongly need different information as it relates to early detection of ovarian cancer. The responses revealed that both older and younger female academics agreed that they need health information about their personal risk for ovarian cancer. These includes, information about causes of ovarian cancer, physical symptoms of cancer, health habits that might lower the risk for ovarian cancer, information about group to attend for support and relevant information, information about managing fear of occurrence, physical nature of ovarian cancer, how ovarian cancer acts in the body and sexual implication of ovarian cancer. It was found out here that married and unmarried female academics did not consult the same source of information as regards the early detection of ovarian cancer. Findings on the problems showed that female academics agreed to encounter similar problems in getting satisfied with desired information needs.
Women Rights: Myth or Reality, With Special Reference to George Eliot’s Adam Bede and Toni Morrison’s Beloved (Published)
This paper focuses on the rights denied to women in the works of George Eliot’s Adam Bede and Toni Morrison’s Beloved. Both the writers belong to different times and social strata. The significant portion of this paper is related with female rights, marriage and oppression of women in the society. The paper also deals with the modifications and the outlook of women characters as they stand against the rules and regulations persisting during those times. Both the writers have used their works as a device to announce their distresses in relation to the women roles and gender clashes in the social community. As educated and well read women, both George Eliot and Toni Morrison have shaped woman characters in order to confirm that women are also gifted with intelligence and wisdom and are capable of being sensible and sound. Eventually, this paper shows that both the writers courageously confront and defy the culture and civilization and stand up for women in relation to marriage, school, profession and dedicate themselves to writing profession from the viewpoint of women with an endeavour to reveal their place in the society by focusing on their shortcomings, judgment and attitude against the ruthless norms and culture of male dominated society.
Argument on the eroding creative prowess among Nigerian writers of the contemporary period has been rift in recent writing of Charles Nnolim. The basic tenet of his argument is that the “fleshly school” of writers focuses on women, wine, club and fun and therefore “lacks fiery, vituperative and caustic commitment of the older generation”. The ideological trust of this research opposes this view. Available evidences in the last two decades reveal that literary creativity has received a boast in the hands of Nigerian female writers whose thematic pre-occupation centered on gender theories and gender-related issues. Nigerian writers like Zulu Sofola, Tess Onwueme, Irene Salami-Agunloye, Tracie Chima Uto-Ezeajugh, Julie Okoh, Chimamanda Adichie , to mention but a few have established themselves as creative genius, winning National and International Awards. Presently, gender equality has assumed a central stage in the world political and literary scene, it is therefore unfair to regard such huge creative output as “trivialities” simply because they address issues that affect mostly women. This paper seeks to evaluate the contributions of these women to the growth of world literature in general and Nigerian creative writings in particular and concludes that the corpus of works by most of these writers is great works of arts in all ramifications.
The present aim focused on the Values of male and female veterinary science doctors of SKAUST-K. The study was conducted upon 60 individuals (N=30 males, N=30 females) Veterinary Science Doctors selected at random from FV.Sc. & AH, of SKUAST-K. The Veterinary Doctors were given questioners and were asked to answer on the provided questions on the questioners. The answers given were scored and statistical analysis of the data was done. The sample has been taken randomly from SKUAST-K, Shalimar Srinagar. The scoring was strictly done according to the instructions given in the manuals of the two different tests. The tool for the present investigation is given as under:- N.Y. ReddyвЂ™s (Indian adaptation) scale has been taken to assess the values of Veterinarian doctors. It consists of six (6) types of values: Theoretical values, Economic values, Aesthetic values, Social values, Political values and Religious values. 1) Male veterinary science doctors have higher political and economic value. 2) Female veterinary science doctors have higher social and religious value. 3) Male and female veterinary science doctors have same behavior towards theoretical aspects. 4) There is no significant difference between male and female veterinary doctors on aesthetic value but female have slightly higher mean than male veterinary science doctors. 5) Male veterinary science doctors have the temper towards discovery of truth and scientific temper.