The Development of Student Worksheets to Improve Students’ Literacy Activities in the Fourth Grade Elementary School District of Hamparan Perak (Published)
This study aims (1) to develop student worksheets to increase students’ literacy activities, and (2) to find out the level of feasibility of development by using student worksheets in Hamparan Perak District Elementary School. It is Research and Development (R & D) with the development method using the ADDIE model. The research discussion is adjusted to ADDIE’s research and development procedures, namely: analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. Determination of the feasibility level of student worksheets is based on expert validation tests and trials to students through questionnaires, while increasing students’ literacy activities is obtained from the results of student performance evaluations. To determine the sample is with total sampling technique. 90 students from all grade four elementary schools that consisted of three schools namely, State Elementary School 101762 Payabakung, State Elementary School 106794 Payabakung and Harapan Private Elementary School Payabakung. Based on the results of the study, it is found that the assessment of the material expert validator which is equal to 86.2% or categorized as very valid so that it could be stated that student worksheet is very feasible to use. The percentage achieved by linguists is equal to 87.1% or very valid category so that it can be stated that it is very feasible to use. The percentage achieved by layout design experts is 80% or a valid category so that it can be stated that it is valid and suitable for use in elementary school fourth grade students. The results of the percentage of the student questionnaire is 83.8% which are categorized as valid, so that it could be said that the student worksheet is appropriate to be used for fourth grade students of elementary school. The average percentage of performance evaluation results after using literacy worksheets is 74% which can be categorized as good and classified high while the results of student performance evaluation before using the developed worksheet is 61% with sufficient categories and moderate classifications. It shows that the results the assessment of performance using literacy worksheets can improve students’ literacy activities.
Currently, tourism has become one of the most important components of economic development and welfare of the most countries and it is anticipated that soon this industry will be the largest industry and economic activity in the world. In fact, tourism is a complex economic activity that has penetrated all pores of human life. Due to this, attention to the various capacities and strategies of tourism can have very positive aspects for creating advancement and replacing new sources of revenue rather than other sources, especially oil resources; So that development of it for developing countries facing with problems like high unemployment rate, constraints of exchange resources and mono-product economy has a great importance. In this industry, Religious appeals, shrines and holy places every year attracts a large number of tourists. This has a lot of economic, social and physical benefits for religious tourists in the community. For this purpose, planning with strategic approach can be one of the methods to utilize these opportunities for areas with religious and cultural capacities. The current research has investigated this issue with an applied- developmental approach and by combination of descriptive-analytic and field methods for the purpose of feasibility and development of this industry in the central part of the village of Seyyed Hassan and the village of Shahid Modarres Shushtar in Khuzestan province that have a high capacity from aspect of attracting religious tourism due to their special situation. This research studies the 305 residents of the village, and completes appropriate information and investigates them by using ArcGIS, SWOT, and EXCEL models and software. The results has demonstrated that the vulnerability of the village of Seyyed Hassan is high in terms of tourism development. Prominences and benefits of Seyyed Hassan village is very high. Distribution and reallocation of resources in rural areas regarding the limited opportunities and high weaknesses are vital. Also, Shrine of Seyyed Hassan and natural landscapes are considered as advantages for tourism development. It is emphasized the optimal use of these factors on the development of religious and natural tourism and ecotourism. Among the weaknesses, inadequate facilities and residential facilities, amenities, services and transportation were a priority that these issues as tourism development barriers have been removed with the participation of local people and the public and private sectors. From external threats, water and soil pollution, the rural environment by tourists are considered as external threats. In general we can say that if the country religious tourism wants to achieve stability and play positive role in the lives of rural people, needs to determine and develop specific strategies, environmental management, development of local participation, clear rules and strong, sustainable marketing and realistic plan.