Tag Archives: farming

Vocational Education Needs of Cucumber Farmers for enhancing Productivity in Ikwerre Local Government Areas of Rivers State (Published)

This study examined the vocational education needs of cucumber farmers for enhancing productivity in Ikwerre local government areas of Rivers State. The population of the study comprised of 108 registered cucumber farmers in the study area. The study adopted a census study as the entire population was used. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. Data were collected using well validated and structured questionnaire and interview. The reliability coefficient (r) of 0.81 was established using test-retest method. Data were analyzed descriptively using Mean and Standard Deviation with criterion mean value of 2.50 and above, while z-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings showed that farmers need vocational education for good knowledge in selection of site, mulching techniques, identify good seed variety and determine the need for soil treatment among others. The study also showed that cucumber farmers need vocational education to be skillful on the removal of old and diseased cucumber plants from the field, apply foliar herbicides to control disease infections. Based on the findings the study recommended that Rivers State government should direct the vocational education centers to integrate the identified skills in commercial cucumber production enterprises into skill acquisition centers for training youths for employment and retraining farmers for competency on the job. Cucumber farmers in Ikwerre Local Government Area of Rivers State should also be encouraged and motivated to enroll into Vocational Education centers in the state to learn the skills needed in commercial cucumber production for sustainable living.

 

Keywords: Cucumber, Needs, Productivity, Vocational education, farming

Ethno-Territorial Features of Folk Medicine Traditions (Published)

This article discusses the impact of ethnic factors on the formation of national medicine traditions. That is, the geographical location of the peoples and the type of training are reflected in the traditional ethnic traditions of the people. At the same time, the focus is on the religious views of the population and the originality of the local flora and fauna and the impact of such factors on national traditions. Folk medicine traditions were developed as result of relations of people and nature, kind of economy, religions convictions and cultural achievement. People fell necessity to medicine science in the field of saving health and fight against factors which taking bad influence at initial developing age. Medicine knowledge was developing slowly during the century resulting of helping people each other and yourselves[1]. This knowledge was gathered at certain groups of human society resulting of developing medicine and division of labor and treatment and making different medicine were become activity for exactly this groups quacks. Medicine traditions come down oral form from father to son and meanly one family or among relatives. Primary meaning of the article at ancient age of history medicine knowledge and traditions were general and the same ways for everyone, but after some time these traditions look on special significance and becoming difference resulting of several factors. These differences were separated in accordance with ethno area feature and types of treatment. Treatment features of medicine divided into two groups because of different religions outlooks of people, level of knowledge of population, attitude to environment and local myths. First, one is mystic medicine which treatment with unnatural power and second one is empiric medicine which treatment with being passed experiment ways. We investigate empiric medicine and its peculiar features. Nowadays where nation has their own peculiar medicine knowledge and medical traditions, they stood out for treatment ways, particular diagnosis process and taking medicine from other nation’s medicine outlooks. Every nation has their own medicine types because they have following causes: difference of knowledge and approach issues peculiar. Today’s informational century dividing medicine traditions in bordering and people studying certain peculiar was different all countries for medicine beginning of the XX century prohibiting folk medicine from Soviet Union government[2] it directly influenced Uzbek folk medicine[3]. Being occupied with medicine, propagandizing was forbidden officially in the end attitude had changed to medicine knowledge and traditions.

Keywords: Empiric Medicine, Geographical Location, Livestock, Mystical Medicine, Physician, Religious Beliefs, Turkona (Simple) And Complex Drugs., Type Of Training, farming

Contributions of Organic Farming to Environmental Sustenance and Food Security in West Africa: Policy Recommendations (Published)

The article examines contributions of organic farming (OF) to environmental sustenance and food security and identifies policies to enhance the implementation. Scientific literature on environmental damage and stress on food security caused by conventional agriculture and climate change, and benefits of OF in adaptation and mitigation of climate change were synthesized and used for the study. Results show that OF helps in keeping the environment clean by making use of refuse and wastes in the environment to produce healthy foods.  Composting in organic farming brings nutrients back from the cities to the farmland. Compared to production of inorganic fertilizer it takes less energy, and when managed in an aerobic condition eliminates methane production reducing the generation of greenhouse gases and climate change. It therefore reduces environmental pollution and promotes the renewed uptake of nutrients from the soil which is what happens under the traditional farming and fallow systems. It supports biodiversity of indigenous fauna and is an advanced form of sustainable agriculture. Organic manure improves the physical properties of soil, biological status of soil, soil fertility and consequently crop yields. Organic manures are general soil amendments and do not burn or harm plants and have long term positive effects on the soil without damaging ground water. Organic manures are also perfect choices for a garden that has many different plants among other advantages. Some of the policies recommended include training extension workers in OF practices, encouraging farmer-to-farmer exchanges, compiling and disseminating emerging indigenous OF knowledge skills, technologies and crop varieties, etc.

Keywords: Contributions, Food Security, Organic Manure, environmental sustenance, farming

Contributions of Organic Farming to Environmental Sustenance and Food Security in West Africa: Policy Recommendations (Published)

The article examines contributions of organic farming (OF) to environmental sustenance and food security and identifies policies to enhance the implementation. Scientific literature on environmental damage and stress on food security caused by conventional agriculture and climate change, and benefits of OF in adaptation and mitigation of climate change were synthesized and used for the study. Results show that OF helps in keeping the environment clean by making use of refuse and wastes in the environment to produce healthy foodsComposting in organic farming brings nutrients back from the cities to the farmland. Compared to production of inorganic fertilizer it takes less energy, and when managed in an aerobic condition eliminates methane production reducing the generation of greenhouse gases and climate change. It therefore reduces environmental pollution and promotes the renewed uptake of nutrients from the soil which is what happens under the traditional farming and fallow systems. It supports biodiversity of indigenous fauna and is an advanced form of sustainable agriculture. Organic manure improves the physical properties of soil, biological status of soil, soil fertility and consequently crop yields. Organic manures are general soil amendments and do not burn or harm plants and have long term positive effects on the soil without damaging ground water. Organic manures are also perfect choices for a garden that has many different plants among other advantages. Some of the policies recommended include training extension workers in OF practices, encouraging farmer-to-farmer exchanges, compiling and disseminating emerging indigenous OF knowledge skills, technologies and crop varieties, etc.

Keywords: Contributions, Food Security, Organic Manure, environmental sustenance, farming