Learning is like rowing upstream, not advancing is dropping back. Lifelong learning activities for livestock and poultry farmers play an important role in the industry. This study analyzed animal farmers’ attitudes towards lifelong learning in Taiwan. Data were collected with structured and validated questionnaires from 798 farmers. Data obtained from the questionnaires were analyzed using SAS. Results indicated that respondents were mainly employees on animal farms (38.7%); 29.1% were farm owners and owners’ wives. More than half of the respondents’ work experience was above 6 years (57.4%); the majority were male (85%); nearly one third (32%) were 25-34 years old; two thirds (66.7%) had university or graduate degrees. Respondents (92.4%) thought farmers should also have lifelong learning plan. Most respondents (87.2%) thought the future of animal production was positive. This research revealed that farmers had very high motivation about lifelong learning activities. Unexpectedly, employees expressed a higher understanding about lifelong learning than owners and owners’ wives. The higher the educational level respondents had, the more agreeable they were to lifelong learning. Lifelong learning believers expressed higher motivation in non-formal and informal learning activities than non-believers. Positive learners expressed enhanced competency and confidence, in turn motivating them to learn. Policymakers and practitioners should open up access to knowledge for everyone, encourage and promote relevant advanced conferences, hands-on training programs, and non-formal and informal learning activities for farmers.
Recommendations Developing the Sustainable Food Value Chain of the Agricultural Sector in Dong Nai Province (Published)
Vietnam’s economy is increasingly integrated into the international economy. The key economic sectors in which agriculture is assessed will have many favorable opportunities for development. However, in order not to fall behind, the agricultural sector must rapidly develop the value chain. Moreover, the “4 houses” link in modern agricultural production is claimed to be the best one at present. The most important issue: what farmers produce, where to sell, how the price is the only satisfactory answer when there is clarification of roles and responsibilities of each house in the linkage. The role of “role play” is also intended to promote the overall strength of the link. There are 4 main factors: Government (State), Scientist, Enterprises and Farmer are the four main factors of linkages in agricultural production. In particular, the State is “the leader”, the engine of the link. Enterprises play the important role to link the remaining “4 houses” to form the raw material production area; Input support and product procurement for farmers; step by step to build brand name of agricultural products. The study results showed that there were 400 persons who include: 200 managers of enterprises, 170 farmers, 30 experts related to agricultural sector in Dong Nai province who interviewed and answered about 17 questions. The Data collected from June 2016 to April 2017. This study had been analyzed Cronbach’s Alpha testing, KMO testing and the result of KMO testing used for the multiple regression. Persons’ responses measured through an adapted questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale. The Data processed by SPSS 20.0. In addition, four components affecting the sustainable food value chain development with significance level 5 percent and then the researchers have recommendations developing the sustainable food value chain of the agricultural sector in Dong Nai province.
Impact Of Credit On Agricultural Producitivity: A Case Study Of Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd (Ztbl) Loans In District Kashmore At Kandh Kot, Sindh Pakistan (Published)
Agricultural sector is the largest contribution to Pakistan’s GDP. Agricultural credit plays an important role in enhancing the agricultural productivity in developing countries like Pakistan. The government of Pakistan introduced several agricultural credit loans through ZTBL and other commercial banks and institutional sources. This study estimated constrains faced by the farmers in acquisitioned source. This study also estimated the impact of credit on agricultural productivity. Data were collected randomly from 30 loanee farmers to three selected ZTBL branches and 30 non loanee farmers in the same villages. It found that the credit has a positive impact on the agricultural productivity and loanee farmers have more gross margins than non loanee farmers. Now the problem is to remove the constraints which small farmers are facing in this regard and then improve the utilization of the credit amount as planned at the time of disbursement in agriculture production process following findings were found. A major proportion i.e.40.8% of the farmers belonged to young age group (36-45 years). It was found that majority of the respondents had low level of education in the selected area. More than 51.7% of the respondents had 6-10 acres of the land holding. A huge majority 95% of the respondents had knowledge about the agricultural credit scheme of the ZTBL Bank. More than 56.75 of the loanees’ farmers avail credit facilities for the first time from the ZTBL bank. A large majority 63.3 of the farmers were not satisfied with the interest rate charged by the banks. It was found that a large number of farmers mutualized the credit amount. About 66.7% farmers got agricultural credit facility from bank without facing any problem. Result indicate that average cultivated area in case of loanee farmers is higher than non-loanee farmers. It was conclude that the loanee farmers had more cost of production as compare to non loanee farmers. Results of regression analysis indicate that credit had very normal impact on agricultural productivity as limiting factors is the proper utilization of loan mount in agricultural sector. The most common utilization of credit amount as construction, repair and renovation of the houses by the loanee farmers.
The introduction of social media and web 2.0 applications has opened up a platform that agricultural extension officer’s, farmers, agricultural institutions and non-governmental institutions utilize to disseminate and exchange agricultural information. The objective of the study was to assess the use of social media as a source of agricultural information with reference to farmers in Kesses District. The study adopted a descriptive survey and the major data collection tools were interviews from farmers who use social media platforms. The study purposively sampled farmers in Kesses District and data was analyzed both descriptively. From the analysis, it is evident that there is immense need for agricultural information among farmers in Kesses District. The study reveals that farmers in Kesses District have diverse source of agricultural information for example the internet, social media and extension services. Majority of farmers approach the use of social media in agricultural information seeking with a positive attitude, pointing to the assumption that social media is largely beneficial and convenient as a source of agricultural information. Among the most common challenges faced include poor network access, power outages, and costly charges when accessing the internet. This study recommends that information centers can be established in Kesses District whereby farmers can obtain agricultural information online and that social media should be fully utilized to provide; feedback, complement extension programs, access local and international markets and complement communication campaigns whose goal is to bring about agricultural development.
Effect of Agricultural Modernization on Sustainable Livelihood among the Tribal and Non-Tribal Farmers (Published)
Agricultural modernization means from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture transformation process and means. In this process, the agriculture with modern industry, increasing in modern science and technology and modern economy management method, make up the agricultural productivity by backward traditional agriculture increasingly into contemporary world advanced level of agriculture