Parental divorce cases bring many negative effects, especially for the health quality of the children both physicaly and mentally. Since youth are future leaders of a nation, high rate of divorce in Indonesia gets the attention of the Indonesian government to conduct a preventive program through premarital certification. This program has gained pros and cons in the community at large and among students. Related to the pros and cons, this study aims at identifying university students’ opinion on the policy of premarital certification. This study was conducted using a survey method. Data of the study were collected through questionnaire, where 100 of university students involved as the samples of the study. The analysis technique is done through a single table description analysis. The results found that the premarital certification policy conducted by the government received less positive response from students. This is indicated by 64% of respondents who expressed their disagreement with this premarital certification program. Students assume that the premarital certification program will cause extortion and violation of the rights of privacy of the community, especially related to the reproductive health of healthy couples
The reality of the partnerships between the family and the school in the Northern Ghore Directorate and the most important mechanisms proposed for development from principals’ point of view (Published)
The study aimed to know the reality of the partnerships between the family and the school in the Directorate of the northern Ghore , and the obstacles that prevent its effectiveness, and to present the most important mechanisms proposed for its development, from the point of view of the principals, the sample was randomly selected and made up of (58) directors, and used the study The descriptive analytical approach through the resolution which included (40) paragraph divided in three axes, and the study showed that the reality of the partnerships between the family and the school in the Directorate of the northern Ghore came to a moderate degree, because there are many obstacles that limit its effectiveness’s , most notably: poor role In emphasizing the importance of the partnership between the school and the family, and the weak training programs needed to deal with the family, the results of the study indicated that the most important mechanisms proposed for the development of the partnership between the family and the school: providing the family with periodic reports about their children’s school levels, activating the communication Between the family and the school through meetings and contacts, and creating an administrative function at the school centered on the activation of partnership and coordination with the family.
The African Family and the Multifaceted Human Toll Exacted By the Time-Honoured Practice of Polygamy cum Unbridled Male Promiscuity: An Examination of the Official Wife by Mary Karooro Okurut (Published)
Using the Official Wife as a stepping-stone, we set out in this research paper to tackle the issues of polygamy and male promiscuity with a view to highlighting their attendant human ravages on the African family. The article argues that, unlike what conventional wisdom believes, polygamy comes in many forms, all of them having the potential for wreaking flat out untold havoc on the structure of a family. Women in polygamous unions or bonded to philandering husbands are prone to be on the receiving end of attachment injury which, oftentimes, culminates in excruciating mental disorders. Yet they are no slough when it comes to devising coping strategies against all the odds. The paper further suggests that children are not immune to the physical cum psychological downsides of the trauma injury experienced by either parent. In the event of a divorce or estrangement, there is a realization that the fact of the uncoupled partners maintaining some level of ‘civil’ physical contact might go some way towards allaying hostility between them, for the benefit of their children.
Role of Economic Growth of Achaemenids Dynasty in Evolution of the Family Institution of Iran (Published)
In the pre-history era and the Stone Age human societies lived in groups because of the lack of economic growth and the strong need for each other to obtain food. In this era families were very big. With the growth of agriculture, the notion of family almost evolved into its present form, but evolution of families was not as quick as other west Asian countries. The shortage of water was the main cause of impeded economic growth and urbanism in most parts of Iran before the entrance of Aryans. As a result, families were bigger and related to meet their needs. Entrance of Aryans was accompanied by political evolutions in the region. The powerful Assyrian government was ending, native Iranian folks were tired of fighting this cruel enemy in the western areas, and thus Aryans were enabled to gain power. The Medians were often at war and they progressed in terms of military power. As the Achaemenids gained power, a new era of progress and growth started for west Asian civilizations. The Achaemenids properly learned from civilizations of adjacent tribes and actualized the Iranian culture and civilization with their innate wit and wisdom. The factor that considerably contributed to evolution of the institution of family in Iran in the Achaemenid era, especially with the reign of Darius I, was economic measures taken by Darius. These measures increased the government wealth as well as the body of Iranian society (to a lesser extent). Prevalence of coin on the macro level, creation of new jobs, and growth of wages were accompanied by financial independence of the nation. As a result, people were allowed to form families without the need for large families, and thus families transformed from extended families to nuclear families.
Sources of Finance and Small and Medium Scale Enterprises’ Performance in Ado-Ekiti Metropolis (Published)
The objective of the research study was to look into the effects of financial source on small and medium enterprises performance in Ado-Ekiti metropolis. Survey research method was used via structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered to 225 respondents in 45 conveniently selected registered SMEs in the Ado-Ekiti metropolis. 4 point Likert Scale was employed to collect the respondents’ data. Since the respondents are the owners and concerned authorities of the business, there is no need for undecided option. Stratified sampling technique was adopted while frequency tables were used to explain the demographic of the respondents. Multiples regression analysis was employed in the study since we have multiple independent variables (like: personal savings, informal and formal sources of finance) and one dependent variable (i.e performance). From the findings, it shows that each of the financial sources has a reasonable level connection with the performance of SMEs. The model summary of each of the sources of finance shows personal savings with R2 33.1%, informal 42.0% and formal 46.7% respectively. However, the overall regression analysis results of the three sources indicate that R2 is 35.6% with F-test value of 40.78% attributed to performance. The overall coefficient results show that Mfb in formal source ranked best with t value of 5.933 and 0.00 at 5% level of significance and followed by family in informal source with t value of 3.940 and 0.00 at 5% level of significance and esusu in personal saving with t value of 3.180 and 0.00 at 5% level of significance respectively. The study concluded that there is nexus between sources of finance and business’ performance and from the overall coefficient regression results, it shows that formal source of finance is the most significant independent variables that is enhancing SMEs’ performance in Ado-Ekiti metropolis.
Family and School Influence on Students Development of Psychopathic Behaviour in Port Harcourt and Emohua Local Government Areas Of Rivers State (Published)
This study was conducted to verify the influence of family and school on male and female students development of psychopathic behaviour in Port Harcourt and Emohua Local Government Areas of Rivers State. The population for the study was made up of all the senior secondary class two (SS II) students in the two Local Government Areas and they were 30,471. Sample for the study was made up of 570. Stratified random sampling technique was used to draw 10 secondary schools for the study. Two instruments namely Psychopathic Behaviour Checklist (SPBC) and Psychopathic Behaviour Development Questionnaire (SPDBQ) were developed by the researcher for the study. The construct validity of SPBC was 0.85, while its reliability co-efficient was 0.60. The test-retest reliability of SPBDQ was 0.85. Two research questions were answered, while two hypotheses were tested. The data analysis technique adopted for the study included: mean, standard deviation, t-test and percentage. There was no significant influence of family on male and female students development of psychopathic behaviour, also, there was no significant influence of school on male and female students development of psychopathic behaviour. Items analysis reveal that 50% of the students reported that the separation or divorce between their father and mother cause them to be angry and aggressive always, while 81.6% female and 77% of male students reported that they sometimes tell their parents lies. Some recommendations were made, which included that parents should serve as good role models to their children
Family And School Influence On Students Development Of Psychopathic Behaviour In Port Harcourt And Emohua Local Government Areas Of Rivers State (Published)
This study was conducted to verify the influence of family and school on male and female students development of psychopathic behaviour in Port Harcourt and Emohua Local Government Areas of Rivers State. The population for the study was made up of all the senior secondary class two (SS II) students in the two Local Government Areas and they were 30,471. Sample for the study was made up of 570. Stratified random sampling technique was used to draw 10 secondary schools for the study. Two instruments namely Psychopathic Behaviour Checklist (SPBC) and Psychopathic Behaviour Development Questionnaire (SPDBQ) were developed by the researcher for the study. The construct validity of SPBC was 0.85, while its reliability co-efficient was 0.60. The test-retest reliability of SPBDQ was 0.85. Two research questions were answered, while two hypotheses were tested. The data analysis technique adopted for the study included: mean, standard deviation, t-test and percentage. There was no significant influence of family on male and female students development of psychopathic behaviour, also, there was no significant influence of school on male and female students development of psychopathic behaviour. Items analysis reveal that 50% of the students reported that the separation or divorce between their father and mother cause them to be angry and aggressive always, while 81.6% female and 77% of male students reported that they sometimes tell their parents lies. Some recommendations were made, which included that parents should serve as good role models to their children.
Production and Consumption of Non-Standardised Alcohol in Kenya: With Whom Does the Buck Stop (Published)
Realising that harmful alcohol drinking among Kenyans has reached alarming proportions, on July 1, 2015 the Government of Kenya through a presidential directive moved to destroy illicit liquor countrywide. By means of a critical-analytical approach, this paper argues that such a kneejerk political move cannot be effectual in solving the alcohol problem in the country. As pointed out by many commentators on the subject, insensitive drinking is a function of many factors, not just the availability of low-priced non-standard liquor. A broad-based approach to tackling the problem of production and consumption of such alcohol and irresponsible drinking in general ought to address social and economic issues such as poverty which results in production and consumption of cheap low-quality liquor and corruption in agencies charged with the responsibility of regulating and policing alcohol production and consumption. The paper primarily focuses on the role of the relevant government agencies as well as that of the primary socialisers, namely the family and the school in promoting sensitive alcohol production, drinking patterns and responsible citizenry, pointing out the need for a paradigm shift in the way the agencies address the problem.
This study was carried out to examine the relationship between child abuse and aggressive behaviour among secondary school students in Ekiti State, Nigeria. A descriptive research design of survey type was adopted for the study. The population for this study comprised all public secondary school students in Ekiti State. The sample consisted of 200 students drawn from five secondary schools through simple random sampling. A self- designed questionnaire tagged “Child Abuse and Behavioural Problems Questionnaire” (CABPQ) was used to collect data. Expert judgments were used to ensure face and content validity. Test-retest method was used to determine the reliability and a reliability coefficient of 0.70 was obtained. Data collected were analysed by using frequency counts and percentages for descriptive analysis. The hypothesis was tested by using Pearson Product Moment Correlation. The result revealed that there is a significant positive relationship between child abuse and aggressive behaviour among the students. Based on this finding, it was recommended among others, that policy makers in the country should embark on policy actions that would facilitate the prevention of aggressive behaviour and that there should be a regular series of lectures for the students on the topic “Aggressive behaviours and its implications”. Also, it was recommended that regular talks should be given to parents on proper ways of treating one’s child, during Parents Teachers Association (PTA) meetings.
The Nexus between Reciprocal Interactions in the Family and Sex-Role Self-Concept among Secondary School Students in Kenya (Published)
The study investigated the influence of reciprocal interactions in the family on sex-role self-concept among secondary school students in Siaya district. Stratified random sampling and purposive sampling techniques were used to select the study participants. The sample comprised a total of 243 students (154 boys and 89 girls) drawn from 27 public coeducational secondary schools in the district. Linear regression analysis and one way Analysis of Variance revealed significant relationship between reciprocal interactions in the family and sex-role self-concept of students. Student from families with healthy, average healthy, and unhealthy reciprocal interactions masculinity and femininity scores were significantly different. Parents’ sex-role orientation, sex of the child, autonomy granting, time parents spent with children, sibling sex constellation, students’ birth order strongly correlated with students’ sex-role self-concept
The study focused on the influence of global warming on family living in Victoria Island in Eti-OSA Local Government Area of Lagos State. Specifically, the study was designed to find out the influence of global warming on food insecurity, family health and ways of reducing global warming in Victoria Island. The design of the study was descriptive survey. The sample size for the study was three hundred and ninety nine (399) households using random sampling techniques. The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire and was validated. Reliability of the instrument was 0.75 established using Cronbach Alpha Coefficient. The research questions were answered on individual item basis using frequency and mean. The findings of the study revealed that global warming leads to huger, increases poverty, reduces food supply. It was also found that there is increase in malaria due to increase in spread of mosquitoes, heat rashes among others. Based on the findings of the study it was recommended that educating people especially the younger generation about global warming through media, educational institutions and discouraging cutting of trees and encouraging large-scale tree planting because trees absorb carbon dioxide among others.
“… FOR THE MAN IS THE HEAD OF THE WIFE”: A THEOLOGICAL STUDY OF EPH. 5, 23 IN RELATION TO THE AFRICAN MAN’S DOMINEERING ATTITUDE (Published)
The practical significance of the text of Eph 5,23 is very enormous when viewed under the prism of the problem of equality and subordination in Christian families especially in Africa. Perhaps the greatest single secular problem of the family today is the rise to power of women who traditionally were relegated. With the incipient feminism and women’s growth in social status the traditional African man now finds it difficult to move with the signs of the time. The result is crisis in family life. This paper is poised to expose Paul’s integration of ethics and theology in the singular coinage of kefalh,, with a view to delineating the subtle difference between the ordinary understanding of Eph 5,23 as signifying subordination of women to men. The paper argues that Paul by describing men as the head does not imply superiority in status but in function. Paul has always defended the equality of all in Christ as evident in Gal 3,28; Col 3,11.19; 4,1 and 1Cor 11,2-16, and cannot just contradict himself so cheaply. His choice of word was only but precisely an adaptation to his own age sequent to social condition of his time and culture.
EVALUATING EFFECT OF SOCIAL FACTORS AFFECTING CONSUMER BEHAVIOR IN PURCHASING HOME FURNISHING PRODUCTS IN JORDAN (Published)
The present study examined the impact of social factors on consumer behavior in evaluative criteria of the purchased home furnishing in Amman (Jordan). In the literature, there are a few previous studies which have explored the topics on consumer behavior and home furniture industry in Jordan. Furthermore, the objective of this study is to investigate of purchasing behavior of home furniture consumers in Jordan. This study then will evaluate the factors that have influences on furniture purchasing decision process. The findings will allow the researcher to be able to recommend to Jordan furniture manufacturers and retailers. Also, questionnaires were distributed and self-administered to 400 respondents. Descriptive analysis, factors analysis, test of reliability, correlation test, and regression analysis were used in this study. The study results demonstrated that there is a positive and significant relationship between reference group, family, price, quality, color, and purchasing decision. In addition, implications of this work and directions for future research are discussed.
Marriage instability has hindered the growth and progress of many homes and children in Nigeria. Many factors could be responsible for this disappointing situation. The study therefore focused on identifying effects of marital instability on children in Abeokuta Metropolis. A descriptive research method was adopted for the study. The total numbers of two hundred and fifty one (251) respondents were selected from Abeokuta Metropolis using stratified and systematic sampling technique with the use questionnaires to collect information from respondents who participated in the study. The data collected were carefully analysed using percentages supported by chi-square to represent the raw data in a meaningful manner. it was discovered that children of divorced/separated are prone to drug addiction, armed robbery, commercial sex workers and other forms of criminal activity, not only that they also tend to go wayward, naughty, unruly and rebellious. The study also established that children who grow up in a single parent family are more likely to be used for trafficking, rituals and house helps than the children who grow up in an intact family. It is therefore recommended that family counselling be emphasized by the stakeholders (government, religious leaders, and counsellors to minimise instability in the family and effort should be intensified to discourage marital discord
Emergence of novel in the late nineteenth century Colonial Sindh (Review Completed - Accepted)
The need for globalising knowledge of Victorian culture has become increasingly important factor for ‘revitalisation of the field.’ Joshi has argued that the ‘Victorian metropolis was hegemonic and defined the terms of production in the Colonial periphery, if not by direct economic power then by indirect cultural influence.’ Thus, she has analysed the impact of Victorian culture in India. However, this paper is focussed on analysis of the impact of Victorian thinking and ideas on novel writing in Nineteenth Century Sindh which received these ideas by Colonial means. It contributes to the little understanding of Victorian influence outside England. This article attempts to examine the way in which conceptualisation and visualisation of social issues dealt by Sindhi novel was significantly influenced by the Victorian novel.