The Attitude of Married Men and Women towards Family Planning Practices in Ekiti State, Nigeria (Published)
The study investigated attitude of married men and women towards family planning practices and the relationship between attitude and family planning practices in Ekiti State. Descriptive research of the survey design was used. The population for the study included all the married men and women in the 16 local Government Areas of Ekiti State. With the use of multistage sample procedure, a total of 1200 respondents were selected from the 16 local Government Areas of Ekiti State. A self-designed instrument was used for the study. The instrument was titled “Knowledge, Attitude and Family Planning Practices Questionnaire” (KAFPPQ). The instrument was validated by the researcher’s supervisor and experts in the field of English Language, Guidance and Counselling and Tests, Measurement and Evaluation. Split-half reliability method was used to ascertain the reliability of the instrument. A reliability coefficient of 0.82 was obtained and this is high enough to judge the instrument reliable. The instrument was administered by the researcher and trained research assistants in the Local Government Areas selected. The data generated were analysed using frequency counts, percentages and correlation analysis. It was discovered from the study that the attitude of married men and women towards family planning practices in Ekiti state is positive. The result further shows no significant relationship between attitude and family planning practices among married men and women in Ekiti State. The result showed significant relationship between religion and attitude towards family planning practice among married men and women in Ekiti State. Based on the findings of this study, it was concluded that the attitude of married men and women towards family planning practices in Ekiti state is positive. It was recommended that Nigeria government should encourage the establishment of daycare centres within public and private service areas so that married men and women will have the convenience of going to get contraceptives.
Utilization of Family Planning Services Among Women of Child Bearing Age (15-45 Years) From 2011 To2013 in Calabar South Local Government Area Of Cross River State-Nigeria (Published)
High fertility and lack of proper family planning had resulted in large population growth rate in the country. One of the most effective ways to address population growth and achieve larger sustainable development goals is to increase access to sustainable free voluntary family planning services (Disu, 2012). This study therefore seeks to assess utilization of family planning services among women of child bearing age in Calabar South Local Government Area of Cross River State-Nigeria. To achieve this purpose of the study, three research questions were raised to guide the study. Retrospective study design was used. Records of 398 women who were attending family planning clinics in selected four primary health facilities from 2011 to 2013 were used, and structured checklist was developed. Data collected were analysed using tables and simple percentage. The results of the study showed that about 145 (36.4%) number of women utilized family planning in 2013. Oral method of contraceptive was mostly used by the women, indicating 46 (35%), and that family planning is mostly used by women with about 3-4 children which accounted for 122 (31%) of the women. The result also showed that a large proportion of the women were influenced by friends to utilize family planning services which amounted to about 185 (46%). Non-acceptance of family planning by husbands showing 294 (73.9%) was the main factor hindering utilization. It was recommended that mass mobilization and creation of awareness should be carried out to sensitise the people on public acceptance of family planning to break taboos, myths and misconceptions about family planning services especially by husbands to control rapid population growth in the study area.
Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting the Autonomy of Reproductive Decisions of Married Women in Nsukka L.G.A. Of Enugu State, Nigeria (Published)
This article focuses on the socio-cultural factors affecting the autonomy of married women in reproductive decisions in Nsukka L.G.A. of Enugu State, Nigeria. Three vital areas of reproductive decision making were discussed namely: decision on the number of children to have in the family, decision on the place to seek care during pregnancy/childbirth, and decision on the use of contraceptives for family planning purposes. The data presented in this article were derived from a study carried out in Obukpa, in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State Nigeria in 2011. Both quantitative and qualitative methods of data gathering were utilized. The instruments for data collection were the questionnaire, in-depth interview and focus group discussions. The findings of the study showed that married women in Obukpa, Nsukka L.G.A. do not have autonomy of reproductive decisions. Socio-cultural factors like residence, age, educational qualification, religion, occupation, did not positively affect the autonomy of reproductive decisions of married women. Their autonomy was basically affected by ‘culture’, which portrays male dominance. This is typical of a patriarchal society; which includes Obukpa in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria.