Ethical Principles and Faithful Representation of Financial Reports of Quoted Companies in Nigeria (Published)
Business transaction records form the basis of financial statements which inform stewardship assessment and investment decisions. Good financial reports aid informed economic decisions which enhance efficiency in the allocation of resources. Allegations are rife of cases of deliberate falsification of financial statements even in the face of internal and external auditors, accounting standards and financial regulations. Using survey research design based on a population of 4893 accountants and auditors of 169 quoted companies and four regulatory bodies in Nigeria, the study investigated the relationship between ethical principles and faithful representation of financial reports. Four hundred copies of the research instrument with a reliability test coefficient of 0.830 using the Cronbach’s alpha statistics were distributed with a 92.5% return rate. Data analysis employed the use of descriptive and inferential statistics. The results indicate that ethical principles influence financial reporting quality significantly ( F(4, 366) = 298.719, Adj. R2 = 0.763, p = 0 .000). The study recommends continuous ethical orientation for accountants, managers and auditors of Nigerian quoted companies.
Keywords: Ethics, Faithful representation, Financial Report, Investment decisions, Quoted companies
Faithful Representation of Accounting Information and Financial Performance of Quoted Banks in Nigeria (Published)
The study examined faithful representation of accounting information and financial performance of quoted banks in Nigeria using secondary data obtained from Nigeria stock exchange spanning from 2007 to 2016. Price to earnings ratio- PER and Earnings yield-ENY were selected as financial performance proxies while absolute discretionary accruals (ABSDA) was used as a measure of faithful representation of accounting information. ABSDA was subjected to Hausman test and also regressed against performance variable. Findings indicate that ABSDA is negatively correlated with PER but positively correlated with ENY. The study also confirmed a significant negative effect of ABSDA on PER and ENY implying that the more intense the practice of accounting information manipulation through the use of absolute discretionary accruals is, the greater the adverse effects on price earnings ratio and earnings yield. This is because it introduces bias which hurts the neutrality of accounting information (SFAC 8, 2010). We recommend that regulators should increase scrutiny or constraints over accounting discretion and flexibilities allowed by accounting standard to curtail distortions by financial statement preparers in order to eliminate earnings manipulation and achieve high level of faithful representation.
Keywords: Accounting Information Quality, Earnings yield, Faithful representation, Financial Performance, Nigerian Banks, Price/ earnings ratio