Factors influencing patronage of Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) among pregnant women attending TBAs centres in Epe, Lagos, Nigeria (Published)
The choice of birthplace has significant impacts on birth outcomes. The study assessed the influence of socio-demographic attributes of pregnant women on patronage of TBAs among pregnant women attending TBA centres in Epe local government area, Lagos, Nigeria.One hundred and sixty four pregnant women were selected through simple random sampling. Questionnaire with reliability index of 0.81 was used as an instrument for data collection. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics and presented in tables.The study established that factors such as cheap services, caring nature of TBAs, desire for privacy, family involvement with care, faith based reasons, untoward attitude of healthcare workers and a favorable previous experience all contribute to respondents’ decision to patronize the TBA centers. A significant relationship was found to exist between respondents’ socio demographics variables (age (P=0.000), educational status (p=0.006), economic status (p=0.000), religion ( p=0.000)) and patronage of TBA centers. It is therefore recommended TBAs should be integrated into primary health care and their practices supervised, health practitioners should be more caring, government should strive harder at making maternity care free or at a subsidized to all pregnant women irrespective of their religion, age or economic status and religious centres charging with the responsibility of encouraging their members to patronize skilled attendants before and during childbirth
Factors Influencing the Utilization of Infection Prevention and Control Measures (IPCM) Among Nurses in Some Selected State Hospitals in Lagos State, Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated the factors influencing the utilization of infection prevention and control strategies (IPCM) among nurses in some selected state hospitals in Lagos State. It adopts a descriptive cross-sectional research design using multistage sampling technique to recruit 158 nurses. Self-structured questionnaire with reliability index of 0.79 was used for data collection. Obtained data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings revealed that 84.8% of respondents used IPCM while 15.2% didn’t use this. The factors reported by respondents to influence utilization of IPCM include; attitude of nurses (p=0.001), unavailability of personal protective equipment (p=0.009), poor knowledge about IPCM (p=0.034), prompt supervision by hospital’s infection control committee (p= 0.022), accessibility of materials for infection prevention and control (p= 0.042), frequent trainings on infection prevention and control procedures (p= 0.036) while year of practice ( p=0.645) and Qualification (p= 1.000) does not have influence on utilization of IPCM .Majority in this study use IPCM but few do not make use of it which can cause fatal consequences. Hospitals should set up infection control committee to train and enforce safe practices among nurses and hospital management should also ensure availability accessibility of personal protective equipment to health care workers for safe practice.
Factors That Cause Poor Academic Performance of Sudanese Students in Speaking Skill: A Case Study of Secondary Schools of the Gezira State- Sudan (Published)
This study is conducted to assess factors that affect teaching and learning speaking skills at the Gezira State secondary schools. The researcher uses direct observations and close-ended questions interview as most appropriate tools for collecting the data and evaluating ideas about factors that cause students’ poor academic performance. Then the researcher uses the descriptive method to analyse the data. Furthermore, he uses the SPSS programme to compute it. Some of the findings of the study are as follows: Students do not get good exposure to practice speaking skills when they are in lower grades. There are personality factors like; lack of motivation and self-confidence. One of the researcher’s recommendations is that, English language teachers- in the above mentioned schools- should use a lot of efforts to solve the problems of teaching speaking skills by; motivating the students, giving them opportunities of speaking activities, providing appropriate speaking materials and giving additional classes.
Examination Anxiety Unmasked: Predictors and Coping Strategies as Experienced By Junior High School Students in the Effutu Municipality of Ghana (Published)
This study investigated the factors that trigger examination anxiety while exploring coping strategies needed to reduce anxiety among Junior High School students in the Effutu Municipality. The study employed the cross-sectional descriptive survey design with quantitative approach where through proportionate stratified random sampling, a sample of 746 students was obtained from both public and private Junior High Schools in the three (3) circuits of the Effutu Municipality. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire and analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The study revealed that even though different kinds of factors trigger examination anxiety amongst the students, lack of self-esteem was the most dominant factor while subject load of the students recorded the least influence on examination anxiety. The study further established that good study habits and skills, effective teacher support, motivation, reduction of students’ workload, improvement in co-curricular activities, and having enough sleep and rest time were the coping strategies advanced to reduce examination anxiety. Additionally, it was found that factors such as having low self-confidence, past experience and beliefs about examination, history of consistent poor performance, subject load, and psychological factors jointly contributed significantly to examination anxiety among students. Besides, motivation of students, reduction of subject load and good teachers support for students were the coping strategies needed to manage examination anxiety. Based on these results, it was recommended that regular education programmes such as symposia and school festivals should be conducted to heighten students’ self-esteem, and remove negative past experiences and beliefs about examinations while exploring other coping strategies to reduce examination anxiety for improved academic performance.
Knowledge on Prevention of Human Papiloma Viruses in Adolescents of the City of Mexico, 2020 (Published)
In the 2019, health is a mix of interactions between economic, biological, ethnographic, cultural and social processes, elements that have determined an integral development. Meanwhile, in the not health process it is been associated with multiple contributions related to the style, conditions and way of life of each individual and population. The prolongation of life is a consequence of global scientific development together with state, social and cultural measures that have allowed an increase in life expectancy. This investigation article is based on findings that were related to a group of adolescents and young people from Mexico City, which describe the little knowledge they have about the Human Papillomavirus and the development of Cervical Cancer, it was also identified that the population under study presents high risk behaviors, which highlights the importance of integrating effective prevention actions.
Perception of Stakeholders on the Maintenance Management Strategies for Sports Facilities in Selected Universities in Southwestern, Nigeria (Published)
The paper identified and examined facilities maintenance strategies adopted in selected universities in south-western Nigeria, examined maintenance planning and factors influencing the choice of maintenance strategies adopted in the study area. Data were sourced using a structured questionnaire administered on sportsmen and women and the maintenance staff of the maintenance department in the universities sampled. The sample size captured all the fifteen games, featured in Nigeria university games association (NUGA) in the three federal universities that had such facilities for the fifteen games and have hosted the national and international sporting event were purposively selected. Data were analyzed using frequency distribution, percentages and mean response analysis. The findings revealed that the most influencing factors for the choice of maintenance strategies were maintenance policy with a mean score of (3.90), technological factors (3.85), maintenance standard (3.76), maintenance tactics (3.74), economic factors (3.74), and environmental factors (3.73). The study concluded that the most widely used maintenance strategy was reactive maintenance strategy and identified its problem to be the adoption of a piecemeal approach to the maintenance of facilities thereby resulting in under-maintenance of sports facilities.
Factors Influencing Radio Adoption Decision of Rice Farmers in the Dissemination of Agricultural Information in Zamfara State (Published)
This study examine the factors influencing radio adoption decision of rice farmers in the dissemination of agricultural information in Zamfara state. The research study applied agenda setting theory to show how selection of topics and packaging of agricultural content impact on rice farmer’s uptake of agricultural information. The research use a structured questionnaire to collect data for the study. A multi-stage, simple random and purposive sampling techniques were adopted to select a sample of 350 farm respondents. The data collected were analyzed using a descriptive statistics such frequency and percentage and logit regression analysis to estimate factors influencing radio adoption decision in knowledge sharing. The estimate shows that, age, farming experience, access to agricultural information via radio, association membership and gender are significant at 5%, 1% and 10% respectively. It is therefore recommended that, more radio stations should be develop and should also partner with agriculture institutions to overcome challenges that both side experience
Factors Influencing the Quality of Translation (Published)
The quality of translation depends on a number of factors, some of which, may be beyond the researcher’s control. In those cases, where the researcher and the translator are the same person the quality of translation is influenced by many factors which are very important in quality of translation. This study aims at investigating the different factors influencing the quality translation. The study also aims at identifying these factors, showing the kind of these factors, introducing factors in details. The quality of translation is influenced mainly by three factors: the competence, the autobiography and what called the material circumstances of the translator, that is the position the translator holds. For these purpose, research questions are posed. This study of the Investigating factors influencing the quality of translation, shedding light on the nature of these factors, as well as the nature of evaluating these the influencing of the factors. Translator must have knowledge of the language and the culture of the people under study and fluency in the language.
Factors Influencing Commercialization of Farmers’ Cooperatives under Commercial Agriculture Development Project in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
This study analyzed the factors influencing commercialization of farmers’ cooperatives under Commercial Agriculture Development Project in Cross-River State, Nigeria. The extent of commercialization by the cooperatives was ascertained, and factors influencing commercialization as expressed by the marketed and marketable surpluses of the cooperatives analyzed. Data collected from 219 purposively sampled cooperatives using CADP list were analyzed using marketed and marketable surplus analyses and the Ordinary Least Square Multiple Regression Technique. The result indicated medium scale operation; with equal value for marketed and marketable surpluses (₦23,354,321,602.00). While marketed surplus was influenced among others by farm size (t = 4.7064) and access to export market (t = 2.9713) marketable surplus was influenced among others by age of cooperative (t = -2.8102) and expenditure on seed (t = -3.4931). Extension education campaign to encourage cooperative societies’ formation and enlistment, and considering the identified variables as valuables for intervention and advocacy were recommended.
Factors Influencing the Choice of Interpersonal Communication Forms Utilized In Promoting Maternal and Child Survival in West Pokot County, Kenya (Published)
Interpersonal communication is one of the most common methods used in campaigns to reduce high maternal and child mortality rate in West Pokot County, Kenya. The study sought to identify the factors that affect the choice of each form of interpersonal communication used in promoting maternal and child survival. The study employed a descriptive cross-sectional survey research design. It also utilized a mixed research approach. The research sampled four hundred (400) respondents from the County. Cluster sampling, and purposive sampling techniques were used to identify respondents. Qualitative data was collected using four key informant interviews and focus group discussions and analysed thematically and then presented narratively. On the other hand, quantitative data from questionnaires were analysed using descriptive statistics, then presented using a combination of narrative explanations, tables and graphs. From the study findings, government policies, indicators, national campaigns and routine of the health workers were identified as the major factors that influenced the choice of interpersonal communication forms used. Based on the findings, it was recommended that the views of the all the stakeholders should be sought and incorporated into programmes aimed at enhancing maternal and child survival. Cultural aspects that encourage the upholding of proper upkeep of children and pregnant mothers should be identified and used during maternal and child survival campaigns.
Every year more than 10 million children under the age of five years die, mainly from one of a short list of causes which already can prevented through successful base of exclusive breastfeeding. Although WHO and Uniceif recommends early initiation of breastfeeding (within an hour from birth) and exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months. The exclusive breastfeeding rate and early initiation to breastfeeding are still very low, because there are many factors that influence exclusive breastfeeding such as, lack of knowledge, lactation problems, poor family and social support, social norms, embarrassment, employment and child care, and health services. As well, a lot of barriers to successful exclusive breastfeeding among employed mothers have been identified in the work environment such as company policies/work culture, manager support/lack of support, co-worker support/lack of support, and the physical environment of the breastfeeding space. So; we see there is a need for implementation of an educational program through primary health care settings as well mass media to improve, promote and support the exclusive breastfeeding practices, both national and international among working and non-mothers should be done.
Factors Influencing Tendering Process in Public Sector: A Case of Medical Store Department (Msd), Dar Es Salaam Zone (Published)
The purpose of study was to investigate factors influencing tendering process in public sector in Tanzania. The study intended to find out the influence of training, ethical practices and ICT usage on tendering process at Medical Store Department. The study employed case study design whereby purposive and convenience sampling techniques were applied to select sample of 40 respondents from MSD. Both primary data and secondary data were employed whereby data were analyzed through qualitative and quantitative approaches. The study revealed that in regards to tendering process only procurement staffs attend training. The study further showed that, staff attends training less frequently. It was found that, there are unethical practices found in procurement function. The study further observed that, the rate of favouritism in tendering process at MSD as well as tribalism in tendering process at MSD is very low. It was reported that, MSD has well developed ICT infrastructure that supports tendering process and at large extent. The study concludes that training, ethical issues and ICT usage have significant impact in influencing tendering process at MSD. However, attending of training at less frequently could affect tendering process because training is very important as it ensures that the staffs are not left with changes that happen in the system. The study recommends that, despite the fact that unethical issues are not highly exercised at MSD, much efforts should be taken into consideration to prevent unethical practices at large because there is high influence of unethical practice in tendering process in most of public institutions in Tanzania.
Factors That Influence the Effectiveness of Performance Management System Adoption in Organisation (Published)
The focus of this paper is to review and discuss the main factors that influence the effectiveness of Performance Management System in organisation. Performance Management System can be viewed as one of the most important and constructive developments that has gained momentum in the recent years. Consequently, it has become crucial for many organisations in their quest to improve and enhance their competitiveness through its introduction and implementation. Public and private organisations are gradually moving towards the adoption of Performance Management System as it provides an integrated and coherent range of Human Resources processes which can be supportive in terms of contributing to the overall improvement of organisational and individual performance. A number of key factors are responsible for the effectiveness of Performance Management System and they are critically discussed in this literature study. The study reveals that factors such as balance scorecard, training, top management commitment, employee engagement, reward management, enterprise resource planning, culture and behaviour influence the effectiveness of a Performance management System adoption in organisation.
The focus of this paper is to review, examine and discuss the main factors that influence the behaviour of the secondary school students who are adolescents. The adolescent student is often in a difficult phase of his/her life and, therefore, important people in his/her life may negatively influence his/her behaviour at school. Factors that are related to the external system of his/her life are considered in this literature study. The study reveals that the school, the family, the peer pressure, the community and the new media negatively impact on the student behaviour. It concludes that these same systems should endeavour to teach socio-emotional skills to the students: this is likely to enhance their social competence. This may help eliminate student disruptive behaviour: this problem is a socio-emotional problem that requires socio-emotional approaches
Assessment Of Factors Affecting Rice (Oryza Spp.) Value Chain (Rvc) In Ogun and Niger States, Nigeria (Published)
The need to increasing rice productivity, value addition and acceptability through the rice value chain are some of the objectives of Federal Government of Nigeria in recent time. Rice is a major staple food in Nigeria. Rice production is however low which make the country to be a net importer of rice in Africa. This study was carried out to assess factors affecting rice (Oryza spp.) value chain in Ogun and Niger States, Nigeria. Multistage sampling techniques were used in the selection of 320 respondents for this study. Data collected were analyzed with chi square. Results of this research showed that more than forty percent of the respondents were between 30 – 40 years of age, predominantly male (80.3%), married (83.1%), had relatively large household size (6 people) and formal education (80.6%). Average income generated was estimated as ₦551,250/ha. They were member of Cooperative societies (66.6%), FADAMA (23.4%) and RIFAN (10%). More respondents (60%) carried out soil test and used tractor for land clearing in Niger State than in Ogun State (11.9%). Rice seeds were mostly planted on the field nursery (90%) rather than tray nursery (10%) using broadcasting method (84.4%). Hired and family labour (58.2%) was used for rice value chain in the two sampled states. Also, most operations in the rice processing were carried out manually (100%) due to non-availability of basic rice processing facilities. Marketing of rice was usually done at local markets (98.3%) at interval of 5-day marketing (72.2%) and mudu/congo (69.1%) was the item used for measurement in the market. Moreover, the returns of value addition were higher at marketing stage (₦750/kg in Ogun State and ₦550/kg in Niger State) than production stage (₦350/kg in Ogun State and ₦280/kg in Niger State). Birds’ disturbance (96.6%), high cost of processing equipment (92.5%), inadequate finance (83.1%) and lack of rural infrastructure (82.8%) were the major constraints to rice value chain in the sampled states. Chi- square analysis shows that there is significant relationship between socio-economic characteristics of the respondents and value addition at p < 0.05 level of significance. Similarly, significant relationship existed between threshing (χ2 = 8.35, df = 1, p = 0.00) and rice value addition at p < 0.05 level of significance. The study therefore recommends that rice farmers should embark on value addition to enhance their income from rice production.
Quantitative Analysis of Factors Affecting Manufacturing Workers Performance in Industry: Case Study of Plastic Companies in Eastern Nigeria, Using SPSS (Published)
This work investigates the quantitative analysis of some factors that affect the performance of manufacturing workers in industries in southern Eastern Nigeria. Experiments were designed, and conducted through the use of work measurements technique and Tests Studies. These selected specific factors (maintenance, equipment, Power/Energy, technology, safety and Training.) used for the study, were investigated using eighty-two manufacturing workers from thirteen manufacturing companies. Data were collected for analyses. The software used was SPSS. Software tools used for various analyses in the study are: statistics, correlation, multi linear regression, response surface regression and multi- co linearity diagnoses, while t – value, F- ratio, p – values and variance of inflation factors (VIF) were used to test the hypotheses. The various statistical analyses performed were presented, studied and interpreted. The correlation coefficients are positive and in descending order of maintenance, equipment, Power/Energy, technology, safety and Training. The coefficient of determination, R2 and the variance ratio (VR); and F- value and t –coefficient values were also determined for strong inference. Curves were generated to observe the behavioral patterns of the relationship between manufacturing workers’ factors influence on performance. Results showed that the identified factors affected the performance of manufacturing workers in the manufacturing industries, in such a manner that the Companies productivity is affected positively by some factors and negatively by some others. Therefore, in the general consideration, the factorial indices that predicted the manufacturing workers performance of the selected factors: motivation, power, safety, maintenance, training, equipment and technology are found to be 0.877, 0.48, 0.614, -1.36, 0.789, 1.421 and – 0.495 respectively. These factorial indices are valid in controlling problems arising from manufacturing industries.
This study aims at investigating the basics factor and reasons that has relation with difficulties and problems. The study also aims at identifying these factors, showing the kind of factors, introducing reasons in details and suggest suitable solution. For these purpose, research questions are posed. The study focus on factors makes problems and difficulty. Translation is viewed as a number of problems of different kinds that require suitable and possible solutions. English and Arabic belong to two different language families Germanic and semitic, therefore difficulty will definitely arise. Some grammatical features of both languages pose problems in translation from Arabic into English or vice versa. Arab students should know that English grammar is not identical with Arabic grammar so we cannot translate each other in a straightforward way.
This study investigated demographic factors influencing coping with declining self-concept among the aged. The study was carried out in Mbaise, Imo State, Nigeria. The research design was descriptive survey while the sample was 446 individuals aged 60years and above. They were composed through stratified random sampling technique from 15 autonomous communities in the area of study. Relevant data were collected from them through the personal contact method of administration of copies of a researchers’ developed questionnaire on them. The test retest reliability co-efficient of this instrument within an interval of 2 weeks was 0.64. T-test of independent means was employed in data analysis and the results show that sex, educational level and marital status do not significantly influence, coping with decling self-concept among the aged. The results also show that type of previous work was a significant factor. These results were discussed and some recommendations made. One of the recommendations is that the federal, states and local governments should ensure prompt payment of retirement benefits to retired public servants.
Celebrity endorsement (CE) has been successful as one of the Marketing Communications tools and has attained such popularity but abound extant literature and various research works have not consider challenges Corporate Organizations are confronted with in their business endeavor by engaging Celebrities to endorse the organization’s brands. It is believed that in every endeavor there are few challenges that are set to militate against whatever good intentions or objectives that venture might have. This paper therefore, focus is on findings from a research project that reflected upon the challenges of Celebrity endorsement (CE) and how they have affected diffusion. CE was applied to capture Customers and Business Executives experiences on using Celebrity Endorsers which provided a basis for observation and reflection. The research adopted both quantitative and qualitative methodology. Questionnaires were used to collect the data. The study surveyed 30 Business Executives. The outcome of the study has proved that despite the enormous feat chalked by CE successes and its popularity attained factors such as Management, Publicity, Contract, Customer match-up and Competition were identified to be the challenging factors that have been drawbacks inhibiting Celebrity endorsements.