Tag Archives: Factors

Knowledge on Prevention of Human Papiloma Viruses in Adolescents of the City of Mexico, 2020 (Published)

In the 2019, health is a mix of interactions between economic, biological, ethnographic, cultural and social processes, elements that have determined an integral development. Meanwhile, in the not health process it is been associated with multiple contributions related to the style, conditions and way of life of each individual and population. The prolongation of life is a consequence of global scientific development together with state, social and cultural measures that have allowed an increase in life expectancy. This investigation article is based on findings that were related to a group of adolescents and young people from Mexico City, which describe the little knowledge they have about the Human Papillomavirus and the development of Cervical Cancer, it was also identified that the population under study presents high risk behaviors, which highlights the importance of integrating effective prevention actions.

Keywords: Factors, Knowledge, Risk, Teenagers, human papillomavirus

Perception of Stakeholders on the Maintenance Management Strategies for Sports Facilities in Selected Universities in Southwestern, Nigeria (Published)

The paper identified and examined facilities maintenance strategies adopted in selected universities in south-western Nigeria, examined maintenance planning and factors influencing the choice of maintenance strategies adopted in the study area. Data were sourced using a structured questionnaire administered on sportsmen and women and the maintenance staff of the maintenance department in the universities sampled. The sample size captured all the fifteen games, featured in Nigeria university games association (NUGA) in the three federal universities that had such facilities for the fifteen games and have hosted the national and international sporting event were purposively selected. Data were analyzed using frequency distribution, percentages and mean response analysis. The findings revealed that the most influencing factors for the choice of maintenance strategies were maintenance policy with a mean score of (3.90), technological factors (3.85), maintenance standard (3.76), maintenance tactics (3.74), economic factors (3.74), and environmental factors (3.73). The study concluded that the most widely used maintenance strategy was reactive maintenance strategy and identified its problem to be the adoption of a piecemeal approach to the maintenance of facilities thereby resulting in under-maintenance of sports facilities.

Keywords: Factors, Maintenance, Management, Planning, Sports Facilities, Strategies.

Factors Influencing Radio Adoption Decision of Rice Farmers in the Dissemination of Agricultural Information in Zamfara State (Published)

This study examine the factors influencing radio adoption decision of rice farmers in the dissemination of agricultural information in Zamfara state. The research study applied agenda setting theory to show how selection of topics and packaging of agricultural content impact on rice farmer’s uptake of agricultural information. The research use a structured questionnaire to collect data for the study. A multi-stage, simple random and purposive sampling techniques were adopted to select a sample of 350 farm respondents. The data collected were analyzed using a descriptive statistics such frequency and percentage and logit regression analysis to estimate factors influencing radio adoption decision in knowledge sharing. The estimate shows that, age, farming experience, access to agricultural information via radio, association membership and gender are significant at 5%, 1% and 10% respectively. It is therefore recommended that, more radio stations should be develop and should also partner with agriculture institutions to overcome challenges that both side experience

Keywords: Adoption, Agriculture, Decision, Factors, Information, Radio, Rice Farmers, dissemination, influencing

Factors Influencing the Quality of Translation (Published)

The quality of translation depends on a number of factors, some of which, may be beyond the researcher’s control. In those cases, where the researcher and the translator are the same person the quality of translation is influenced by many factors which are very important in quality of translation. This study aims at investigating the different factors influencing the quality translation. The study also aims at identifying these factors, showing the kind of these factors, introducing factors in details. The quality of translation is influenced mainly by three factors: the competence, the autobiography and what called the material circumstances of the translator, that is the position the translator holds. For these purpose, research questions are posed. This study of the Investigating factors influencing the quality of translation, shedding light on the nature of these factors, as well as the nature of evaluating these the influencing of the factors. Translator must have knowledge of the language and the culture of the people under study and fluency in the language.

Keywords: Equivalence, Factors, Quality, Translator, influencing, translation

Factors Influencing Commercialization of Farmers’ Cooperatives under Commercial Agriculture Development Project in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This study analyzed the factors influencing commercialization of farmers’ cooperatives under Commercial Agriculture Development Project in Cross-River State, Nigeria. The extent of commercialization by the cooperatives was ascertained, and factors influencing commercialization as expressed by the marketed and marketable surpluses of the cooperatives analyzed. Data collected from 219 purposively sampled cooperatives using CADP list were analyzed using marketed and marketable surplus analyses and the Ordinary Least Square Multiple Regression Technique. The result indicated medium scale operation; with equal value for marketed and marketable surpluses (₦23,354,321,602.00). While marketed surplus was influenced among others by farm size (t = 4.7064) and access to export market (t = 2.9713) marketable surplus was influenced among others by age of cooperative (t = -2.8102) and expenditure on seed (t = -3.4931). Extension education campaign to encourage cooperative societies’ formation and enlistment, and considering the identified variables as valuables for intervention and advocacy were recommended.

Keywords: CADP., Commercialization, Factors, Farmers’ Cooperatives, Marketable Surplus, Marketed Surplus

Factors Influencing the Choice of Interpersonal Communication Forms Utilized In Promoting Maternal and Child Survival in West Pokot County, Kenya (Published)

Interpersonal communication is one of the most common methods used in campaigns to reduce high maternal and child mortality rate in West Pokot County, Kenya. The study sought to identify the factors that affect the choice of each form of interpersonal communication used in promoting maternal and child survival. The study employed a descriptive cross-sectional survey research design. It also utilized a mixed research approach. The research sampled four hundred (400) respondents from the County. Cluster sampling, and purposive sampling techniques were used to identify respondents. Qualitative data was collected using four key informant interviews and focus group discussions and analysed thematically and then presented narratively. On the other hand, quantitative data from questionnaires were analysed using descriptive statistics, then presented using a combination of narrative explanations, tables and graphs. From the study findings, government policies, indicators, national campaigns and routine of the health workers were identified as the major factors that influenced the choice of interpersonal communication forms used. Based on the findings, it was recommended that the views of the all the stakeholders should be sought and incorporated into programmes aimed at enhancing maternal and child survival. Cultural aspects that encourage the upholding of proper upkeep of children and pregnant mothers should be identified and used during maternal and child survival campaigns.

Keywords: Child Survival, Choice, Factors, Influence, Interpersonal Communication Forms, Kenya, Maternal, Promotion, West Pokot County

Factors that Influence Exclusive Breastfeeding: A Literature Review (Published)

Every year more than 10 million children under the age of five years die, mainly from one of a short list of causes which already can prevented through successful base of exclusive breastfeeding.   Although WHO and Uniceif recommends early initiation of breastfeeding (within an hour from birth) and  exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months. The exclusive breastfeeding rate and early initiation to breastfeeding are still very low, because there are many factors that influence exclusive breastfeeding such as, lack of knowledge, lactation problems, poor family and social support, social norms, embarrassment, employment and child care, and health services. As well, a lot of barriers to successful exclusive breastfeeding among employed mothers have been identified in the work environment such as company policies/work culture, manager support/lack of support, co-worker support/lack of support, and the physical environment of the breastfeeding space. So; we see there is a need for   implementation of an educational program through primary health care settings as well mass media to improve, promote and support the exclusive breastfeeding practices, both national and international among working and non-mothers should be done.

Keywords: Breastfeeding, Duration, Exclusive, Factors

Factors Influencing Tendering Process in Public Sector: A Case of Medical Store Department (Msd), Dar Es Salaam Zone (Published)

The purpose of study was to investigate factors influencing tendering process in public sector in Tanzania. The study intended to find out the influence of training, ethical practices and ICT usage on tendering process at Medical Store Department. The study employed case study design whereby purposive and convenience sampling techniques were applied to select sample of 40 respondents from MSD. Both primary data and secondary data were employed whereby data were analyzed through qualitative and quantitative approaches. The study revealed that in regards to tendering process only procurement staffs attend training. The study further showed that, staff attends training less frequently. It was found that, there are unethical practices found in procurement function. The study further observed that, the rate of favouritism in tendering process at MSD as well as tribalism in tendering process at MSD is very low. It was reported that, MSD has well developed ICT infrastructure that supports tendering process and at large extent. The study concludes that training, ethical issues and ICT usage have significant impact in influencing tendering process at MSD. However, attending of training at less frequently could affect tendering process because training is very important as it ensures that the staffs are not left with changes that happen in the system. The study recommends that, despite the fact that unethical issues are not highly exercised at MSD, much efforts should be taken into consideration to prevent unethical practices at large because there is high influence of unethical practice in tendering process in most of public institutions in Tanzania.

Keywords: Factors, Public Sector, Tendering Process

Factors That Influence the Effectiveness of Performance Management System Adoption in Organisation (Published)

The focus of this paper is to review and discuss the main factors that influence the effectiveness of Performance Management System in organisation. Performance Management System can be viewed as one of the most important and constructive developments that has gained momentum in the recent years.  Consequently, it has become crucial for many organisations in their quest to improve and enhance their competitiveness through its introduction and implementation. Public and private organisations are gradually moving towards the adoption of Performance Management System as it provides an integrated and coherent range of Human Resources processes which can be supportive in terms of contributing to the overall improvement of organisational and individual performance. A number of key factors are responsible for the effectiveness of Performance Management System and they are critically discussed in this literature study. The study reveals that factors such as balance scorecard, training, top management commitment, employee engagement, reward management, enterprise resource planning, culture and behaviour influence the effectiveness of a Performance management System adoption in organisation.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Factors, Performance Management System

Factors That Influence Student Behaviour in Secondary Schools (Published)

The focus of this paper is to review, examine and discuss the main factors that influence the behaviour of the secondary school students who are adolescents. The adolescent student is often in a difficult phase of his/her life and, therefore, important people in his/her life may negatively influence his/her behaviour at school. Factors that are related to the external system of his/her life are considered in this literature study. The study reveals that the school, the family, the peer pressure, the community and the new media negatively impact on the student behaviour. It concludes that these same systems should endeavour to teach socio-emotional skills to the students: this is likely to enhance their social competence. This may help eliminate student disruptive behaviour: this problem is a socio-emotional problem that requires socio-emotional approaches

Keywords: Adolescent, Disruptive Behaviour, Factors, Socio-Emotional Problem

Assessment Of Factors Affecting Rice (Oryza Spp.) Value Chain (Rvc) In Ogun and Niger States, Nigeria (Published)

The need to increasing rice productivity, value addition and acceptability through the rice value chain are some of the objectives of Federal Government of Nigeria in recent time. Rice is a major staple food in Nigeria. Rice production is however low which make the country to be a net importer of rice in Africa. This study was carried out to assess factors affecting rice (Oryza spp.) value chain in Ogun and Niger States, Nigeria. Multistage sampling techniques were used in the selection of 320 respondents for this study. Data collected were analyzed with chi square. Results of this research showed that more than forty percent of the respondents were between 30 – 40 years of age, predominantly male (80.3%), married (83.1%), had relatively large household size (6 people) and formal education (80.6%). Average income generated was estimated as ₦551,250/ha. They were member of Cooperative societies (66.6%), FADAMA (23.4%) and RIFAN (10%). More respondents (60%) carried out soil test and used tractor for land clearing in Niger State than in Ogun State (11.9%). Rice seeds were mostly planted on the field nursery (90%) rather than tray nursery (10%) using broadcasting method (84.4%). Hired and family labour (58.2%) was used for rice value chain in the two sampled states. Also, most operations in the rice processing were carried out manually (100%) due to non-availability of basic rice processing facilities. Marketing of rice was usually done at local markets (98.3%) at interval of 5-day marketing (72.2%) and mudu/congo (69.1%) was the item used for measurement in the market. Moreover, the returns of value addition were higher at marketing stage (₦750/kg in Ogun State and ₦550/kg in Niger State) than production stage (₦350/kg in Ogun State and ₦280/kg in Niger State). Birds’ disturbance (96.6%), high cost of processing equipment (92.5%), inadequate finance (83.1%) and lack of rural infrastructure (82.8%) were the major constraints to rice value chain in the sampled states. Chi- square analysis shows that there is significant relationship between socio-economic characteristics of the respondents and value addition at p < 0.05 level of significance. Similarly, significant relationship existed between threshing (χ2 = 8.35, df = 1, p = 0.00) and rice value addition at p < 0.05 level of significance. The study therefore recommends that rice farmers should embark on value addition to enhance their income from rice production.

Keywords: Assessment, Factors, Niger, Ogun, Rice, Value Chain

Quantitative Analysis of Factors Affecting Manufacturing Workers Performance in Industry: Case Study of Plastic Companies in Eastern Nigeria, Using SPSS (Published)

This work investigates the quantitative analysis of some factors that affect the performance of manufacturing workers in industries in southern Eastern Nigeria. Experiments were designed, and conducted through the use of work measurements technique and Tests Studies. These selected specific factors (maintenance, equipment, Power/Energy, technology, safety and Training.) used for the study, were investigated using eighty-two manufacturing workers from thirteen manufacturing companies. Data were collected for analyses. The software used was SPSS. Software tools used for various analyses in the study are: statistics, correlation, multi linear regression, response surface regression and multi- co linearity diagnoses, while t – value, F- ratio, p – values and variance of inflation factors (VIF) were used to test the hypotheses.  The various statistical analyses performed were presented, studied and interpreted. The correlation coefficients are positive and in descending order of maintenance, equipment, Power/Energy, technology, safety and Training. The coefficient of determination, R2 and the variance ratio (VR); and F- value and t –coefficient values were also determined for strong inference. Curves were generated to observe the behavioral patterns of the relationship between manufacturing workers’ factors influence on performance. Results showed that the identified factors affected the performance of manufacturing workers in the manufacturing industries, in such a manner that the Companies productivity is affected positively by some factors and negatively by some others. Therefore, in the general consideration, the factorial indices that predicted the manufacturing workers performance of the selected factors: motivation, power, safety, maintenance, training, equipment and technology are found to be 0.877, 0.48, 0.614, -1.36, 0.789, 1.421 and – 0.495 respectively. These factorial indices are valid in controlling problems arising from manufacturing industries.

Keywords: Analysis, Company., Factors, Manufacturing Workers, Performance Industry, quantitative

Looking For Factors and Reasons That Has Relation with Difficulties and Problems (Published)

This study aims at investigating the basics factor and reasons that has relation with difficulties and problems. The study also aims at identifying these factors, showing the kind of factors, introducing reasons in details and suggest suitable solution. For these purpose, research questions are posed. The study focus on factors makes problems and difficulty. Translation is viewed as a number of problems of different kinds that require suitable and possible solutions. English and Arabic belong to two different language families Germanic and semitic, therefore difficulty will definitely arise. Some grammatical features of both languages pose problems in translation from Arabic into English or vice versa. Arab students should know that English grammar is not identical with Arabic grammar so we cannot translate each other in a straightforward way.

Keywords: Factors, Problems, Reason, Relation, difficulties, translation

Demographic Factors Influencing Coping with Declining Self-Concept among the Aged (Published)

This study investigated demographic factors influencing coping with declining self-concept among the aged. The study was carried out in Mbaise, Imo State, Nigeria. The research design was descriptive survey while the sample was 446 individuals aged 60years and above. They were composed through stratified random sampling technique from 15 autonomous communities in the area of study. Relevant data were collected from them through the personal contact method of administration of copies of a researchers’ developed questionnaire on them. The test retest reliability co-efficient of this instrument within an interval of 2 weeks was 0.64. T-test of independent means was employed in data analysis and the results show that sex, educational level and marital status do not significantly influence, coping with decling self-concept among the aged. The results also show that type of previous work was a significant factor. These results were discussed and some recommendations made. One of the recommendations is that the federal, states and local governments should ensure prompt payment of retirement benefits to retired public servants.

Keywords: Coping, Factors, Self-Concept, aged.

Challenges of Celebrity Endorsement and How They Affect the Diffusion Process (Published)

Celebrity endorsement (CE) has been successful as one of the Marketing Communications tools and has attained such popularity but abound extant literature and various research works have not consider challenges Corporate Organizations are confronted with in their business endeavor by engaging Celebrities to endorse the organization’s brands. It is believed that in every endeavor there are few challenges that are set to militate against whatever good intentions or objectives that venture might have.  This paper therefore, focus is on findings from a research project that reflected upon the challenges of Celebrity endorsement (CE) and how they have affected diffusion. CE was applied to capture Customers and Business Executives experiences on using Celebrity Endorsers which provided a basis for observation and reflection. The research adopted both quantitative and qualitative methodology. Questionnaires were used to collect the data. The study surveyed 30 Business Executives. The outcome of the study has proved that despite the enormous feat chalked by CE successes and its popularity attained factors such as Management, Publicity, Contract, Customer match-up and Competition were identified to be the challenging factors that have been drawbacks inhibiting Celebrity endorsements.

Keywords: Ad, Celebrity, Challenges, Diffusion, Endorsement, Factors

Factors That Cause With Draw Al Of Joint Marital Property That Has Been Granted By The Parents To Their Children (Normative Analysis Approach Study) (Published)

Keywords: Factors, Joint Marital Property, With Draw Al of Grants

Factors Militating Against Females and Rural Dwellers’ Access To, and Participation in Higher Education in Nigeria. (Published)

The study was a descriptive survey in which Focus Group Discussions were used to get the respondents’ perception on the range of factors that militate against the females’ and rural dwellers’ access to and participation in higher education in Nigeria. The study was carried out in Nnamdi Azikiwe University (NAU) and St. John of God Secondary School (SJGSS), both in Awka, Nigeria. Four research questions guided the study. The population comprised all the lecturers and female students in two faculties (Education and Engineering) of NAU, all the Junior Secondary School class-3 and Senior Secondary class-2 students and teachers of SJGSS as well as Government representatives and a member of Women-Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Anambra State. The major instrument for data collection was a 4-topic interview schedule, while percentage was used for Data Analysis. Findings from the discussions revealed some family, school, society and self-related factors. Some major recommendations made to increase the access and participation of females and rural dwellers in higher education in Nigeria are; provision of electricity in rural areas, provision of adult literacy programme for women and mothers in rural areas, establishing strategies for eliminating teachers’ negative attitude to female students’ potentials, as well as lunching of education campaign for rural dwellers.

Keywords: Access, Factors, Females, Participation and Higher Education, Rural dwellers

Factors Affecting the Quality of Students’ Research Work: Exploring the Perception of Students (Published)

There is a growing debate focused on the quality of students’ project work at Takoradi Polytechnic. There is a general consensus that the quality of students’ project work are declining. However, what constitutes quality is undefined within this debate neither factors that influence quality. Opinions regarding factors which determine the quality of research are, in the main, driven by anecdotes and not concrete facts. Our objective was to identify the factors influencing the quality of project works from the perception of students. The statistical technique used in analysing the data for this study was Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) which yielded five factors comprising only half of the original number of items presented to students to which they were to respond. The extracted items constituting the five factors are thus important corollary for fashioning policies for addressing issues of quality with respect to students’ project work.

Keywords: Factors, Polytechnic, Project Work, Quality Research, Students’ Perception

Factors Affecting the Quality of Students’ Research Work: Exploring the Perception of Students (Published)

There is a growing debate focused on the quality of students’ project work at Takoradi Polytechnic. There is a general consensus that the quality of students’ project work are declining. However, what constitutes quality is undefined within this debate neither factors that influence quality. Opinions regarding factors which determine the quality of research are, in the main, driven by anecdotes and not concrete facts. Our objective was to identify the factors influencing the quality of project works from the perception of students. The statistical technique used in analysing the data for this study was Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) which yielded five factors comprising only half of the original number of items presented to students to which they were to respond. The extracted items constituting the five factors are thus important corollary for fashioning policies for addressing issues of quality with respect to students’ project work.

Keywords: Factors, Polytechnic, Project Work, Quality Research, Students’ Perception

MOTIVATING AND DEMOTIVATING FACTORS AMONG KISWAHILI TEACHERS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ELGEYO MARAKWET COUNTY-KEIYO SUB COUNTY, KENYA: A THEORETICAL APPROACH (Published)

This paper sought to investigate the administrative motivation factors affecting Secondary School Kiswahili teachers in Keiyo Sub County. The study was based on Expectancy theory by Victor Vroom who explained that motivation is a combination of three factors Valence, Expectancy and Instrumentality. The theory stresses that students and teachers expect to get a reward from the effort they put in their work. The paper adopted a survey research design and stratified random sampling to select teachers teaching Kiswahili from a selection of 14 schools out of the 29 schools in Keiyo Sub-County. The sample included teachers and students. Questionnaires and document analysis were used to gather data for the study which was then analyzed using descriptive statistics by frequencies, percentages, variances and standard deviations; t-test was applied in testing the hypothesis. The paper established that motivation plays a major role in contributing to good performance of students, however, most teachers felt demotivated in the school. Some of the factors contributing to demotivation include animosity from the surrounding community, poor infrastructure, lack of teaching resources, poor housing facilities, denial of study leaves or transfers as well as unwarranted blame for poor performance of students. It is recommended that Head teachers should encourage team work, provide the necessary facilities such as good housing, equipped labs, and avail necessary teaching resources as a way of motivating teachers. High quality teaching staffs are the cornerstone of a successful education system. It is thus important that teachers are motivated and any demotivation factor eliminated to ensure improved performance in schools.

Keywords: Factors, Motivation, Performance, Students, Teachers, expectancy theory