Tag Archives: Factors Influencing

Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing Child Nutrition among Mothers in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State Nigeria. (Published)

Purpose: This study was carried out to assess the socio-cultural factors influencing child nutrition among mothers in Calabar Municipality, Cross: River State Nigeria. In order to successfully carry out the study, objectives and corresponding hypothesis’were1 formulated to guide the study. Literature was reviewed based on the research variables, Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey design was used for the study in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 5 communities from the L.G.A. for the study and snowball non-probability sampling techniques was used to select the subjects for the study. The target population was unknown; a sample size of 376 was determined using Golden formula for infinite population. Their responses were analyzed using frequencies, percentage and Chi-square analysis and the following results were obtained. Result: The study reveal that majority of the respondents believed that feeding children with egg, meat and fish makes them thieves with mean value response of 3.48 and 3.53 respectively while majority also disagreed with stopping breastfeeding in the advent of a new pregnancy with mean value score of 2.03. majority also disagreed that their cultural practices had influence on the nutritional status of their children with a mean response value of 1.82 but the grand mean score of 2.77 and SD score of 0.64 which is greater than the criterion mean of 2.5 confirms that religious and cultural practices has an influence on the nutritional status of children. Conclusion: Socio-economic status of the family like the occupation of breadwinner, the person who controls the finance, and poor living conditions (inadequate water supply, inadequate sanitations), with a grand mean score of 2.91 has a negative influence on the nutritional status of children.

Keywords: Factors Influencing, Mothers, Socio-cultural, child nutrition

Factors Influencing Substance Abuse amongst Selected Commercial Motorcyclists in Ogbomoso Metropolis, Oyo State, Nigeria (Published)

Background: The use of motorcycle (Okada) for carrying passengers from me destination to another for commercial purposes has crept into Nigerian’s transportation activities and gradually becoming most popular, possibly because it is faster especially when there is terrible hold ups and can also drop an individual at his door step. Nevertheless, it has added greatly to the incidence of road accidents whereby special Orthopaedic departments are created in Nigerian hospitals to attend to accident victims. The recklessness and misbehaviours of the motorcyclists has been traced to substance abuse. Methodology: A total 207 participants were selected using cross sectional convenience sampling methods having determined the sample size using Yamane sample size determination method. The research adopted descriptive design. The instrument for data collection was designed by the researchers adopting if from the literature review and ESPAD questionnaire descriptive analysis while the hypotheses were tested using inferential analysis of “t” test and ANOVA at 0.05 level of significance on the SPSS version 21 window. Results: Study revealed that the most commonly used drugs include alcohol, cigarettes, palm wine local gin and herbal gin mixtures. These drugs are ready available and are also affordable to them. The result showed that peer influence is the major factors influencing substance abuse among the respondents, followed by recreational purposes and affordable respectively. There was significant difference between married and unmarried commercial motorcyclists on factors influencing substance abuse. Conclusion: It was concluded that period lectures and sensitization programes should be carried out to reduce the accidents associated with misbehaviors amongst motorcyclists as a results of drugs abuse.

 

Keywords: Factors Influencing, Metropolis, Ogbomoso, Substance abuse, commercial motorcyclists

Factors Influencing Substance Abuse amongst Selected Commercial Motorcyclists in Ogbomoso Metropolis, Oyo State, Nigeria (Published)

Background: The use of motorcycle (Okada) for carrying passengers from one destination to another for commercial purposes has crept into Nigerian’s transportation activities and gradually becoming most popular, possibly because it is faster especially when there is terrible hold ups and can also drop an individual at his door step. Nevertheless, it has added greatly to the incidence of road accidents whereby special Orthopaedic departments are created in Nigerian hospitals to attend to accident victims. The recklessness and misbehaviours of the motorcyclists has been traced to substance abuse. Methodology: A total of 207 participants were selected using cross sectional convenience sampling methods having determined the sample size using Yamane sample size determination method. The research adopted descriptive design. The instrument for data collection was designed by the researchers adopting if from the literature review and ESPAD questionnaire descriptive analysis while the hypotheses were tested using inferential analysis of “t” test and ANOVA at 0.05 level of significance on the SPSS version 21 window. Results: Study revealed that the most commonly used drugs include alcohol, cigarettes, palm wine local gin and herbal gin mixtures. These drugs are ready available and are also affordable to them. The result showed that peer influence is the major factors influencing substance abuse among the respondents, followed by recreational purposes and affordable respectively. There was significant difference between married and unmarried commercial motorcyclists on factors influencing substance abuse. Conclusion: It was concluded that period lectures and sensitization programes should be carried out to reduce the accidents associated with misbehaviours amongst motorcyclists as a results of drugs abuse

Keywords: Factors Influencing, Metropolis, Ogbomoso, Substance abuse, commercial motorcyclists

Factors Influencing Adoption of Gum Arabic Production Technologies in Gombe State, Nigeria (Published)

This study examined the factors influencing adoption of gum arabic production technologies in Gombe state, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to: describe the socio – economic characteristics of gum arabic farmers and identify factors influencing adoption of gum arabic production technologies. Primary data were used which were collected from 46 registered gum arabic farmers who were members of National Association of Gum Arabic Producers, Processors and Exporters of Nigeria (NAGAPPEN) Gombe state chapter. Descriptive statistics and multiple regressions were used for the analysis. The results revealed that 93.5% of the respondents were males, 97.7 were, married, and a mean age of forty nine years old, attended tertiary institutions and earned ₦M3.04 annually. Multiple regressions revealed that age (X2) educational (X5), income(X7), farming experience(X8) farm size(X9), and access to extension (X10) were significant at varying levels and positively influence the adoption of gum arabic production technologies except age which has a negative influence. Increased government supports through sustained provision of inputs were therefore recommended among others.

Keywords: Adoption, Factors Influencing, Technologies