Tag Archives: Factor analysis

A Comprehensive Investigation on Tourists’ Satisfaction and Post Behavioral Intension towards Cox’s Bazar Beach of Bangladesh (Published)

The study was carried out in the world’s longest beach and the tourist capital of Bangladesh named Cox’s Bazar beach. The objective of the current study is to examine the tourists’ satisfaction towards Cox’s Bazar beach as well as re-visiting and recommending others to visit the destination. The study is based on both primary and secondary data, applied quantitative methods and 310 questionnaires were used. The factor analysis was conducted to generate composites variable from the original attributes. Multiple regression analysis was carried out using Translog stochastic frontier model and the results revealed that among all the derived factors, F1 (Emergency and Ancillary services), F2 (Accommodation and Security), F3 (Destination on the spot facilities) are significant factors influencing overall tourist satisfaction. Moreover, the concerned authority should provide and ensure quality service with these factors. This result can be helpful to the concerned policy makers and marketers of beach tourism at Cox’s Bazar in formulating strategies to maintain or enhance their competitiveness.

Keywords: Beach Tourism, Destination Spot Facility, Factor analysis, Stochastic Frontier Analysis.

Leadership Styles of Selected Construction Managers in Nigeria (Published)

This study was designed to determine the personal characteristics and leadership styles of construction managers in selected construction firms in Lagos, Nigeria and effect of leadership styles on morale of workers. The study was conducted with data from questionnaire retrieved from forty four construction firms. The construction managers in these firms were required to identify their personal characteristics and leadership styles and the effect of their leadership styles on workers’ morale. Rankings of the Relative Importance Index used for personal characteristics evaluation revealed that construction managers are self-confident, self-assured, determined and can communicate effectively with others. Factor analysis was used to extract democratic and autocratic leadership styles as the major styles of leadership among the construction managers. Increment in the productivity and satisfaction and dangerous decisions were rated high as effects of democratic and autocratic leadership style on workers respectively. The established effects of democratic leadership style on workers’ morale justify its wide adoption.

Keywords: Effect Of Leadership Style., Factor analysis, Leadership Approach, Leadership Styles

Measuring Healthcare Services Quality in the Private Hospitals of Dhaka City, Bangladesh: An Empirical Study (Published)

The aim of this research is to determine the healthcare services quality in the private hospitals of Dhaka City, Bangladesh. The research attempted to detect the key variables that can be employed to determine the current standard of the healthcare service quality from the patient’s point-of-view. The study has selected 221 respondents by the convenience sampling technique and the multivariate analysis technique like “factor analysis” was employed to identify the factors. The results from the analysis has shown that, knowledgeable & hygienic, language & cleanliness, degrees & equipment, tests & meals, needs & caring, attractive & punctual,  examination & skills,  admission process and  professionally dressed have emerged important factors for determining the quality of the private healthcare services.

Keywords: Factor analysis, Healthcare Quality, Private Healthcare

Factors Affecting Research Engagement of Foreign Language Teachers in China (Published)

The purpose of the study was to investigate factors which influenced faculty participation in innovation and scientific research. 462 English language teachers from common colleges in China were asked to report the factors hindering their research engagement via a questionnaire, and 20 of them were interviewed face to face. The finding revealed that by addressing the 7 major hindering factors of teachers’ research engagement i.e. lack of research opportunities, lack of motivation, lack of research knowledge and skills, conventional conception of research, time constraint, lack of effective management system and insufficient material and supplies, teachers’ research and innovation in higher education can be enhanced. 

Keywords: Factor analysis, Higher Education, Teachers’ research engagement

Factors Contributing to the Low Academic Achievement of Students at the Basic Education Certificate Examination in Some Public Junior High Schools of a Political District in the Western Region of Ghana: Students’ and Teachers’ Perspective (Published)

The key to sustainable development of every nation is largely dependent on the quality of education that it offers to its citizens, more especially at the basic level. Therefore, any issue that may affect the aim of building and achieving quality education for national development needs to examined and addressed. This paper reports on an analysis of factors contributing to poor academic performance of students of a political district in the Western Region of Ghana, in the Basic Education Certificate Examinations (BECE). In all, four hundred and sixty  respondents comprising two hundred and thirty-eight (238) students and two hundred and twenty two  teachers were used for the research.  Among other things, the study discovered that in all, there are eight dimensions underlying the poor performance of students at BECE in the political district, which accounted for;  of variance in students’ response, and   of teachers’ response in the original variables. In sum, the constructs considered to be contributing to poor performance were: teacher failures, parent shortcomings, reactive learning, passive learning, unfavourable economic conditions, uncongenial circumstances, administrative lapse, and truancy. Stakeholders of education are advised to focus on these dimensions to ensure quality education for sustainable national development.

Keywords: Factor analysis, Poor Academic Performance, Principal Component Factoring

Factor Analysis of Influence of Host-Community Characteristics on Ecotourism Development in South East Nigeria (Published)

The study was undertaken to analyze the influence of host-community characteristics on the development of ecotourism in south east geo-political zone of Nigeria. Purposive and systematic sampling techniques were used to select 360 respondents from 6 communities in 3 out of the 5 States in the zone. Structured questionnaire, interview schedule and direct observation were used to collect primary data for the study. Data was analyzed using percentage distribution and Explanatory Factor Analysis. Result showed that lack/ poor state of socio-economic infrastructure, including roads, electricity, clean water and telecommunication services in host-communities slowed the rate of ecotourism development in the zone. Also, inabilities of host-communities to take advantage of ecotourism-induced entrepreneurial opportunities, socio-political exclusion of women, fear of erosion of culture, low level of awareness of potential benefits of ecotourism and poor sanitary conditions of sites and the general community environment, impeded the rate of ecotourism development in the area. Interventions from State and local governments, and NGOs were recommended.

Keywords: Community ecotourism, Ecotourism Development, Factor analysis, Host-community characteristics, South East Nigeria

Factor Analysis of Influence of Host-Community Characteristics on Ecotourism Development in South East Nigeria (Published)

The study was undertaken to analyze the influence of host-community characteristics on the development of ecotourism in south east geo-political zone of Nigeria. Purposive and systematic sampling techniques were used to select 360 respondents from 6 communities in 3 out of the 5 States in the zone. Structured questionnaire, interview schedule and direct observation were used to collect primary data for the study. Data was analyzed using percentage distribution and Explanatory Factor Analysis. Result showed that lack/ poor state of socio-economic infrastructure, including roads, electricity, clean water and telecommunication services in host-communities slowed the rate of ecotourism development in the zone. Also, inabilities of host-communities to take advantage of ecotourism-induced entrepreneurial opportunities, socio-political exclusion of women, fear of erosion of culture, low level of awareness of potential benefits of ecotourism and poor sanitary conditions of sites and the general community environment, impeded the rate of ecotourism development in the area. Interventions from State and local governments, and NGOs were recommended.

Keywords: Community ecotourism, Ecotourism Development, Factor analysis, Host-community characteristics, South East Nigeria

MEASURE THE RELATIONSHIP B BETWEEN THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE AGRICULTURAL LABOR FORCE AND INDICATORS OF ECONOMIC GROWTH IN IRAQ USING THE STYLE FACTOR ANALYSIS (Published)

We discussed in this research the effect of the distribution of the agricultural labor force in Iraq by indicators of economic growth for the period (1986-2010) using (Factor Analysis) and through the use of statistical software SPPS The results of the analysis showed the presence of a strong and significant effect correlation coefficients, which gives a clear picture of the existence of inherent linear (multi-linear) between these independent variables and their impact in the approved variables that represented respectively (contribution of the agricultural gross domestic product to GDP (Y1), simple agricultural GDP growth rate (Y2), average per capita agricultural GDP (Y3), average per capita agricultural output growth rate (Y4), the productivity of agricultural worker (Y5). The research showed results that workers without a certificate had an impact in the high productivity of agricultural worker which was used as one of the indicators of economic growth, because the agricultural process in Iraq was built on the basis of gaining experience through practicing work, in addition to its dependence on the younger age groups as a result of failure of agricultural technologies that do not require from the agricultural worker to be College educated

Keywords: Agricultural Labor, Distribution of Agricultural Labor Force, Factor analysis, Productivity, Public Sector, Ridge Regression

A STATISTICAL MODEL OF ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE USING FACTOR ANALYSIS – A CASE OF A BANK IN GHANA (Published)

The growth and progress of any organization depends on its ability to perform at the highest level on a continuous basis. Knowing what determines organizational performance is important especially in the context of the current Ghanaian banking business environment because factors identified to be driving performance could be given priority attention in order to improve or maintain the organizational performance. This paper reports on an investigation into what is influencing the performance of a given bank in Ghana. Two hundred and ten (210) respondents were used for the study. Among other things, the study results reveal that there are four dimensions informing the performance of the bank, which accounted for 63.5% of the variance in the original variables. In conclusion, the dimensions adduced to be influencing the performance of the bank were: Repeat purchase, Customer experience, Customer satisfaction and Intelligent responsiveness. Management of the bank are encouraged to focus on these dimensions to ensure that the performance of the bank is at the prime.

Keywords: Factor analysis, Organizational Performance, Principal Component Factoring

Why polio eradication program was not successfully implemented in Pakistan? (Review Completed - Accepted)

Since two decades lots of efforts are being made to make Pakistan a Polio free country, but, Pakistan struggle to be a polio free country is not prolific. Pakistan health sector developed the vigorous strategies for the eradication of the polio in Pakistan, but value of all the strategies is only well documented pieces of paper in plan development due to ineffective implementation. The purpose of the study is identifying the potential factors that are influencing the successful implementation of polio program in Pakistan. The sample of the study was 250 respondents from potential stakeholders like Officials of EPI, Official of Ministry of IPC, Official of Health vertical program, International stake holders, clergy, Parents of affected children and Health worker. The exploratory factor analysis was used to identify the factors that influence the implementation of the polio eradication program in the Pakistan. The confirmatory Factor analysis was used to confirm these explorative factors and model fitness. The result of the exploratory factor analysis shows that there are 6 potential factors which Eigen value is greater than 1 like content, contextual, operational, Leadership, Structural &cultural and Social factors. Confirmatory factor analysis result shows that identifies context dimension (0.98), content dimension (0.81), operational dimension (0.44) , structural and cultural dimension (0.67), leadership (0.89) and social are (0.28) as effective factors on the failure of polio eradication program in the Pakistan. It is concluded that proper implementation of the polio eradication program is possible through considering the effects of these factors more important than formulation of new policies and plan; otherwise these policies are nothing except well documented pieces of paper in health ministry and Pakistan will not free from polio.

Keywords: Effective Implementation, Factor analysis, Polio eradication Program