Tag Archives: Facility

Evaluation of Hand Hygiene Facilities and Compliance of Healthcare Workers at The University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Ondo (Published)

Hand Hygiene (HH) is the leading measure for preventing the spread of pathogens and reducing health care associated infections, health care providers’ adherence to recommended practices remains suboptimal in most settings, and maintaining its standards is difficult to sustain. However, Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) remain the most common adverse event in healthcare, resulting in a significant burden on patients, their families, and health care systems. This study examines evaluation of hand hygiene facilities and compliance of health care workers at the University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Ondo. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study that was made up of 324 participants. Multi-stage sampling technique was used for the selection of participants. Self-administered questionnaire and observational checklists were used as tools for data collection. The reliability value of the questionnaire eliciting responses on self-reported compliance to hand hygiene technique techniques ranges from 0.703 to 0.764. Data were analysed using SPSS version 27. Inferential statistics of Chi Square was used test the hypothesis generated at 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that none of the wards met the standard for hand hygiene facilities set by the WHO. 83.3% of the units had no poster or written policy on HH; 87% did not have alcohol-based hand rubs; 100% had at least one handwash sink; 100% had flowing tap water all day; and 100% had no hand drying facilities. Assessment of self-reported hand hygiene compliance showed that 86.42% of the respondents have good compliance to hand washing technique guideline with a mean score is 23.72 of 27 (87.85%) and 90.1% of the respondents have good compliance to hand hygiene using alcohol-based hand rub technique with a mean score is 19.68 of 21 (93.71%). A total of 1,016 hand hygiene opportunities were observed during the three-week period with an overall compliance rate of 29.9%. The compliance rate among nurses (31.2%) is higher than among doctors (21.8%). In recorded hand hygiene actions, hand washing is used slightly more frequently than alcohol-based hand rubs. The use of gloves is a major reason for missed opportunities in hand hygiene, responsible for 39.3% of missed opportunities.The study concluded that the availability of hand hygiene facilities and HCWs compliance at the University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Ondo is poor. The study also confirmed that while the self-reported hand hygiene compliance is high, the observed compliance with hand hygiene techniques is low. Specific measures such as improved facilities, training and monitoring are needed to improve HH compliance.

 

Keywords: Compliance, Evaluation, Facility, hand hygiene, health care worker

Assessment of Solid Waste Disposal System in Jimeta, Adamawa State, Nigeria (Published)

Solid wastes are generally generated through domestic, commercial and industrial activities, among others. For proper environmental sanitation and good health of the people, solid wastes need to be disposed properly. The aim of the paper is to assess solid wastes disposal in Jimeta. Data for the study were generated from both the primary and Secondary Sources using the questionnaire administration. For detailed field data gathering, 270 samples were selected form 7 ward of the Local Government Area. The paper has identified several methods of solid wastes disposal of which the open dumping method predominates, followed by the open container method of waste disposal. The waste was often disposed of either on the frequency of once per day, forthrightly or once per week. However, majority of the people believe that the current methods of solid waste disposal are not satisfactory it is therefore concluded that public enlightenment should be carried out to change the attitude of the public towards maintaining good sanitary conditions through proper disposal of solid wastes in addition to the introduction of solid wastes recycling.

Keywords: Disposal, Facility, Sanitary, Solid Waste

Analysis of Impact of National Fadama II Facility in Alleviating Poverty on Food Crop Farmers in Adamawa State, Nigeria (Published)

This study analyzed the impact of Fadama II project in alleviating poverty on food crop farmers in Adamawa state. Data were collected on a sample of 160 farmers and were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) Index. The findings from the study showed that about 24 percent of the respondents lived below the poverty line of $1.25 while about 76 percent are those above the agreed standard accepted in the study. This study shows very few of the respondents were poor hence, the project has made an impact on the poverty level of the crop farmers in the study area. This may be due to the fact that the fadama farmers engaged in different production activities resulting to increase in income thereby reducing poverty amongst them. It is however recommended that, Government should take renewed interest in dry season production by strengthening support and public-private partnership so as to boost production and win niche markets with a challenge of making better markets for farmers

Keywords: Analysis, Facility, Fadama II, Food Crop, Impact, Poverty Alleviation