Tag Archives: Extent

The Extent of Awareness and Adoption of UNESCO Conservation Guidelines Restoration Practices by the University Library Staff in South –East Nigeria (Published)

This study is to find out the extent of awareness and adoption of UNESCO Conservation Guidelines restoration practices by the university library staff in south east Nigeria. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire.  The statistical tests used in the data analysis included the summated score and t-test. The research questions were analyzed using the Summated score while the hypotheses were tested using the t-test. The result shows that university library staff extent of awareness of UNESCO restoration practices is accepted as being above average for only three (3) out of the twenty-two (22) items considered under UNESCO restoration practices. The accepted items are those with mean scores greater than the expected value of 3.00 on a 5-point Likert scale. We therefore conclude that there is a significant difference between university library staff extent of awareness and extent of adoption of UNESCO restoration practices. Furthermore, the result also indicates that the overall extent of awareness of UNESCO restoration practices by university library staff is 1.94 with a standard deviation of 0.27 on a 5-point Likert scale. The computed t-value is −64.540 with an associated significance probability of 1.0000, which is greater than 0.05. Thus, the test is not significance at 5% level of significance, since P>0.05. We therefore conclude that the extent of awareness of restoration practices in the UNESCO Conservation Guidelines by university library staff in South-East Nigeria is below average. The result also shows that the university library staff extent of adoption of UNESCO restoration practices is accepted as being above average for only three (3) out of the twenty-two (22) items considered under UNESCO restoration practices. The accepted items are those with mean scores greater than the expected value of 3.00 on a 5-point Likert scale. Furthermore, the reslt also indicates that the overall extent of adoption of UNESCO restoration practices by university library staff is 1.57 with a standard deviation of 0.15 on a 5-point Likert scale. The computed t-value is −155.561 with an associated significance probability of 1.0000, which is greater than 0.05. Thus, the test is not significance at 5% level of significance, since P>0.05. We therefore conclude that the extent of adoption of restoration practices in the UNESCO Conservation Guidelines by university library staff in South-East Nigeria is below average. Based on the findings, we recommends that: Government should sponsor Library staff to workshops, seminars and conferences nationally and internationally on the UNESCO Conservation Guidelines for acquisition of better Knowledge needed in using the UNESCO Conservation Guidelines.The university should provide an enabling environment to help the university library staff work effectively and use the UNESCO Conservation Guidelines in their restoration practices. The University Library staff should visit other Institutions of higher learning that uses UNESCO Conservation Guidelines for better knowledge, improvement and greater productivity.

Keywords: Adoption, Extent, Staff, awareness, restoration practices

Extent of Students’ Involvement in Sports Betting In Public Secondary Schools in Mumias East Sub-County, Kenya (Published)

Effective curriculum implementation can be challenging in an environment where other factors are competing for the learners’ attention. One such factor in Kenya is sports betting. The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of students’ involvement in betting on learning process among secondary schools in Mumias-East Sub-County, Kenya. Based on the study, this paper presents and discusses the findings on the extent of students’ involvement in betting. A causal-comparative design was used in the study. Respondents included 369 students, 206 parents and 21 class teachers obtained by stratified random sampling. Data was obtained by use of questionnaires, and analysed using frequencies, means and percentages. The study found that 30.9% (n=369) of students were involved in sports betting. Therefore, there is high student involvement in betting, with more male students involved than female students. Most parents are not aware of whether or not their children engage in betting. Majority of students who bet own personal phones. Those who bet lose their bets more times than they win. Based on the results of the study, the Kenya government should review gambling regulations and legislation to include laws that prohibit school-going students from betting, since most students who bet are aged 18 years and above, meaning that they enjoy legal protection albeit being school students.

Keywords: Extent, Kenya, Mumias, Secondary Schools, Students, involvement, sports betting

The Extent to Which the Lives of Women in Conflict Prone Areas Have Been Affected: A Case of West and North Pokot Sub Counties, Kenya (Published)

There is no doubt that war affects women and men differently. Whenever there has been conflict, women and children have been known to be the most that are hard hit. This paper is a focus to determine the extent to which the lives of women in West and North Pokot have been affected by conflicts. The study was carried out in Kanyarkwat location, Katikatmor sub-location and Kopulio location, Nakuyen sub location of West and North Pokot respectively. Participation involved a random sample of two hundred women from each of the two study locations. A survey research design was used employing questionnaires and interviews as major data collection tools. Observation was also used to provide information and aid in observing actual behavior of the respondents. The findings reveal that women are largely affected by conflicts reporting displacement, sicknesses due to lack of hygiene, losses of family members and property, poverty, lack of schools and lack of medical facilities as being prevalent. The women end up living in a state of hopelessness and helplessness because of conflict related issues. Peace building capacities should be advocated for with women being fully involved. The government and other stake holders should also look for ways of alleviating the illiteracy rate in such areas at the same time creating awareness on the importance of being involved in peace building campaigns

Keywords: Affected, Conflict, Effects, Extent, North Pokot., West Pokot, Women