The Role Of Extension Workers In Creating Environmental Awareness Among Farmers On Sustainable Crop Farming in Ogoja Local Government Area Of Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
The study investigated the role of extension workers in creating environmental awareness among farmers on sustainable crop farming in Ogoja Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. Two null hypotheses were formulated to direct the study. Literature was reviewed based on the variables of the study. The survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised of all adult male and female in the study area. A sample size of seven hundred and ninety one (791) was drawn from the population of seven thousand nine hundred and ten (7,910) using the stratified and simple random sampling techniques. A four point modified Likert scale questionnaire titled “The Role of Extension Workers in Creating Environmental Awareness among Farmers on Sustainable Crop Farming” (TREWCEAFSCF) was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by two test experts in the department of test and measurement University of Calabar. The instrument was personally administered by the researchers with the help of two trained research assistants in the area of the study. The data obtained were analyzed using regression statistics and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The result of the analysis revealed that the role of extension workers in creating environmental awareness among farmers significantly influence sustainable crop farming. Based on the result of the findings, the study recommended among others that extension workers should not relent their effort in environmental awareness creation among farmers on sustainable crop farming and that the government should encourage the use of extension workers in information dissemination on sustainable crop farming.
Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Extension Workers’ Satisfaction With Job Condition in Kebbi State Agricultural And Rural Development Authority (Karda), Kebbi State – Nigeria (Published)
This study assessed the agricultural extension condition in Kebbi State Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (KARDA). Both the primary and secondary data were used for this study. The target population for this study is the extension workers and the farmers in Kebbi State Agricultural and rural development authority (KARDA). Multi-stage random sampling procedure was used to select 120 extension workers from 24 agricultural extension blocks (5 extension workers per block). The results of the study shows that majority (95.5%) of the extension workers were male and only 5.0% were female, were within the age group of 48 – 57 years, while only 1.7% were within the age group of 18 – 27 years, had Ordinary National Diploma (OND, had their household size ranging from 1 to 11 people, while 30.8% had household size ranging from 12 – 22 persons and had 21 to 30 years working experience, while 19.2% had 1 -10 years of working experience. Regarding the most frequently used methods in communicating new ideas, majority of the extension workers (96.7%) frequently used farm, home and office visits. The study also reveals that majority of the respondent (45.8%) organized visits for the farmers every two weeks as a strategy for educating and communicating of information towards enhancing agricultural productivity and skills. It was found that of the six (6) variables included in the model, only socio-economic characteristics such as education (X4), household size (X5) and experience (X6) had a significant relationship with their job satisfaction. The most pressing constraints, as perceived by the respondents, is that their remuneration was inadequate. The study recommends that the Kebbi State Government should improve the level of job satisfaction of the extension agents in Kebbi State Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (KARDA) through provision of funds, equipment, mobility and housing accommodation and should enhance the skills and make the extension staff equips with the latest technologies training programme should be organized for extension agents.