Lung cancer has been linked to exposure to the naturally occurring ionizing radiation, radon gas (22Rn). Radon is ubiquitous in our environment. However, the level of concentration of this gas is influenced by the geological, geographical, meteorological conditions of a particular environment. The indoor radon concentration is also influenced by factors such as air-conditioning system, ventilation, age of building etc. In this study, the level of indoor radon was measured in 55 offices located within Abia State University, Uturu in South Eastern Nigeria using a Corentium digital radon detector. Uturu is well known for vegetation with high granitic and sedimentary rocks. Offices were chosen to vary between those that are furnished with air conditioning systems and those that are without such facility. Measurements were taken between December 2017 to June 2018. The result of the measurements showed that the indoor radon concentration for all the offices varied between. This value is lower than the intervention level of recommended by International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). The annual effective dose for the offices ranged from which is below the recommended ICRP intervention level of. Hence, there is low risk of adverse health effect and lung cancer induction to the staff of Abia State University.
The influence of partial discharge exposure time on the thermally estimated depolarization and on the natural relaxation in polymer dielectrics is described. The polypropylene and polyethylene terephtalate foils were the object of investigations. Study of partial discharge plays an important role in the aging and the rupturing process of solid and mixed insulation systems. The PD analysis is a predictive test which indicates insulation degradation in advance, which may lead to the failure of the system, and it is performed under normal operating conditions.
English language is incorporated as a core module into the Saudi national curriculum. Students study and learn English 7 years and, during this period of time, they are assigned 13 English textbooks. However, they leave school knowing about 1000 words. This paper sheds light on factors that contribute to little vocabulary uptake by Saudi students when they leave high school. These factors are is that the vocabulary teaching methodology which is ” non-incremental ” and students are not repeatedly exposed to learnt vocabulary. Consequently, students do not fully master the English vocabulary which simply results in students not being able to retain the vocabulary in their minds. Recommendations that are promoted in this study include consulting the corpora to ensure that textbooks are provided with 5000 most frequent words, incorporating suitable graded readers into the curriculum, employing an effective methodology for vocabulary teaching and, most importantly, sufficient exposure to the target vocabulary items.