Analysing the Effects of Road Expansion Programme on Shopping Attributes of Owerri City Inhabitants (Published)
This paper ascertained the effects of road expansion programmes of Owerri urban on the shopping attributes of the inhabitants. The study was carried out in order to determine the extent to which road expansion programmes affected travel time, travel cost, parking facilities, accessibility and shopping expenditures of the city inhabitants. A survey was carried out using structured questionnaire on five point Likert scale. Three hundred and ninety nine questionnaires were distributed among the three roads covered in the study and were all completed and returned for the analysis. Descriptive statistics and Friedman test were used to analyze and test the hypotheses. The results show that road expansion programmes had significant effects on parking facilities on the three major roads covered in the study namely; Okigwe, Douglas and Wetheral roads on its shopping and marketing activities of Owerri city inhabitants. The expansion programmes also affected shops/market locations along the roads when tested at 5% level of significance. Accessibility to shopping centres and city markets were also affected adversely when tested at 5% significant level indicating increased travel time and access to markets. However, shopping expenditures showed significant effects on Wetheral and Douglas roads while Okigwe road showed no significant effects on shopping expenditures. The results of the analysis indicate that road expansion programmes had negative effects on shopping attributes of city inhabitants since it restricts access and increased travel times. The study recommends among others the decentralization of urban land use among the traffic attracting centres.
Demographic characteristics and economic development are the major determinants of urban shape and pattern of urbanization in Gombe which gave rise to rapid population growth. These determinants resulted to unplanned urban growth, unprecedented urbanization and land use change as a result contributing in the rapid reduction of vegetation cover and loss of arable land in the surrounding urban environment. The aim of this paper is on the impact of urbanization on vegetation cover. Both primary and secondary data was employed in this work. Socio-economic data and information on the status of tree species were gathered through questionnaire survey that involved 195 respondents using purposive sampling techniques in the study area. While the land use land cover analysis was carried out using ArcGis 10.5 and Edras Imagine 9.0. The finding was made to capture as accurate as possible six land use land cover classes as they changed through time. The result of the work shows a rapid decrease on the vegetation and a gradual increase in settlements between 1976 and 2016 due to the fact that Gombe metropolis became the capital of Gombe state in 1996. Also only few tree species were found within the study area, as most trees are cut down for various developmental purposes. The study recommends that urgent attention on conservation of vegetal resources within the metropolis should be encouraged.